blob: daadbcc4e8dd7e45d92205f6ef4810a315ce3a62 [file] [log] [blame]
* net/sched/gen_estimator.c Simple rate estimator.
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
* 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
* Authors: Alexey Kuznetsov, <>
* Changes:
* Jamal Hadi Salim - moved it to net/core and reshulfed
* names to make it usable in general net subsystem.
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/sockios.h>
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/gen_stats.h>
This code is NOT intended to be used for statistics collection,
its purpose is to provide a base for statistical multiplexing
for controlled load service.
If you need only statistics, run a user level daemon which
periodically reads byte counters.
Unfortunately, rate estimation is not a very easy task.
F.e. I did not find a simple way to estimate the current peak rate
and even failed to formulate the problem 8)8)
So I preferred not to built an estimator into the scheduler,
but run this task separately.
Ideally, it should be kernel thread(s), but for now it runs
from timers, which puts apparent top bounds on the number of rated
flows, has minimal overhead on small, but is enough
to handle controlled load service, sets of aggregates.
We measure rate over A=(1<<interval) seconds and evaluate EWMA:
avrate = avrate*(1-W) + rate*W
where W is chosen as negative power of 2: W = 2^(-ewma_log)
The resulting time constant is:
T = A/(-ln(1-W))
* The stored value for avbps is scaled by 2^5, so that maximal
rate is ~1Gbit, avpps is scaled by 2^10.
* Minimal interval is HZ/4=250msec (it is the greatest common divisor
for HZ=100 and HZ=1024 8)), maximal interval
is (HZ*2^EST_MAX_INTERVAL)/4 = 8sec. Shorter intervals
are too expensive, longer ones can be implemented
at user level painlessly.
struct gen_estimator
struct list_head list;
struct gnet_stats_basic *bstats;
struct gnet_stats_rate_est *rate_est;
spinlock_t *stats_lock;
int ewma_log;
u64 last_bytes;
u32 last_packets;
u32 avpps;
u32 avbps;
struct rcu_head e_rcu;
struct gen_estimator_head
struct timer_list timer;
struct list_head list;
static struct gen_estimator_head elist[EST_MAX_INTERVAL+1];
/* Protects against NULL dereference */
static DEFINE_RWLOCK(est_lock);
static void est_timer(unsigned long arg)
int idx = (int)arg;
struct gen_estimator *e;
list_for_each_entry_rcu(e, &elist[idx].list, list) {
u64 nbytes;
u32 npackets;
u32 rate;
if (e->bstats == NULL)
goto skip;
nbytes = e->bstats->bytes;
npackets = e->bstats->packets;
rate = (nbytes - e->last_bytes)<<(7 - idx);
e->last_bytes = nbytes;
e->avbps += ((long)rate - (long)e->avbps) >> e->ewma_log;
e->rate_est->bps = (e->avbps+0xF)>>5;
rate = (npackets - e->last_packets)<<(12 - idx);
e->last_packets = npackets;
e->avpps += ((long)rate - (long)e->avpps) >> e->ewma_log;
e->rate_est->pps = (e->avpps+0x1FF)>>10;
if (!list_empty(&elist[idx].list))
mod_timer(&elist[idx].timer, jiffies + ((HZ<<idx)/4));
* gen_new_estimator - create a new rate estimator
* @bstats: basic statistics
* @rate_est: rate estimator statistics
* @stats_lock: statistics lock
* @opt: rate estimator configuration TLV
* Creates a new rate estimator with &bstats as source and &rate_est
* as destination. A new timer with the interval specified in the
* configuration TLV is created. Upon each interval, the latest statistics
* will be read from &bstats and the estimated rate will be stored in
* &rate_est with the statistics lock grabed during this period.
* Returns 0 on success or a negative error code.
* NOTE: Called under rtnl_mutex
int gen_new_estimator(struct gnet_stats_basic *bstats,
struct gnet_stats_rate_est *rate_est,
spinlock_t *stats_lock,
struct rtattr *opt)
struct gen_estimator *est;
struct gnet_estimator *parm = RTA_DATA(opt);
int idx;
if (RTA_PAYLOAD(opt) < sizeof(*parm))
return -EINVAL;
if (parm->interval < -2 || parm->interval > 3)
return -EINVAL;
est = kzalloc(sizeof(*est), GFP_KERNEL);
if (est == NULL)
return -ENOBUFS;
idx = parm->interval + 2;
est->bstats = bstats;
est->rate_est = rate_est;
est->stats_lock = stats_lock;
est->ewma_log = parm->ewma_log;
est->last_bytes = bstats->bytes;
est->avbps = rate_est->bps<<5;
est->last_packets = bstats->packets;
est->avpps = rate_est->pps<<10;
if (!elist[idx].timer.function) {
setup_timer(&elist[idx].timer, est_timer, idx);
if (list_empty(&elist[idx].list))
mod_timer(&elist[idx].timer, jiffies + ((HZ<<idx)/4));
list_add_rcu(&est->list, &elist[idx].list);
return 0;
static void __gen_kill_estimator(struct rcu_head *head)
struct gen_estimator *e = container_of(head,
struct gen_estimator, e_rcu);
* gen_kill_estimator - remove a rate estimator
* @bstats: basic statistics
* @rate_est: rate estimator statistics
* Removes the rate estimator specified by &bstats and &rate_est
* and deletes the timer.
* NOTE: Called under rtnl_mutex
void gen_kill_estimator(struct gnet_stats_basic *bstats,
struct gnet_stats_rate_est *rate_est)
int idx;
struct gen_estimator *e, *n;
for (idx=0; idx <= EST_MAX_INTERVAL; idx++) {
/* Skip non initialized indexes */
if (!elist[idx].timer.function)
list_for_each_entry_safe(e, n, &elist[idx].list, list) {
if (e->rate_est != rate_est || e->bstats != bstats)
e->bstats = NULL;
call_rcu(&e->e_rcu, __gen_kill_estimator);
* gen_replace_estimator - replace rate estimator configruation
* @bstats: basic statistics
* @rate_est: rate estimator statistics
* @stats_lock: statistics lock
* @opt: rate estimator configuration TLV
* Replaces the configuration of a rate estimator by calling
* gen_kill_estimator() and gen_new_estimator().
* Returns 0 on success or a negative error code.
gen_replace_estimator(struct gnet_stats_basic *bstats,
struct gnet_stats_rate_est *rate_est, spinlock_t *stats_lock,
struct rtattr *opt)
gen_kill_estimator(bstats, rate_est);
return gen_new_estimator(bstats, rate_est, stats_lock, opt);