blob: c498f0fffb4061111839cb8cab6eaa2d8d031695 [file] [log] [blame]
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
/* Copyright (c) 2019 Facebook */
#include <linux/bpf.h>
#include <linux/bpf_verifier.h>
#include <linux/btf.h>
#include <linux/filter.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/numa.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/refcount.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
enum bpf_struct_ops_state {
BPF_STRUCT_OPS_STATE_INIT,
BPF_STRUCT_OPS_STATE_INUSE,
BPF_STRUCT_OPS_STATE_TOBEFREE,
};
#define BPF_STRUCT_OPS_COMMON_VALUE \
refcount_t refcnt; \
enum bpf_struct_ops_state state
struct bpf_struct_ops_value {
BPF_STRUCT_OPS_COMMON_VALUE;
char data[] ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
};
struct bpf_struct_ops_map {
struct bpf_map map;
const struct bpf_struct_ops *st_ops;
/* protect map_update */
struct mutex lock;
/* progs has all the bpf_prog that is populated
* to the func ptr of the kernel's struct
* (in kvalue.data).
*/
struct bpf_prog **progs;
/* image is a page that has all the trampolines
* that stores the func args before calling the bpf_prog.
* A PAGE_SIZE "image" is enough to store all trampoline for
* "progs[]".
*/
void *image;
/* uvalue->data stores the kernel struct
* (e.g. tcp_congestion_ops) that is more useful
* to userspace than the kvalue. For example,
* the bpf_prog's id is stored instead of the kernel
* address of a func ptr.
*/
struct bpf_struct_ops_value *uvalue;
/* kvalue.data stores the actual kernel's struct
* (e.g. tcp_congestion_ops) that will be
* registered to the kernel subsystem.
*/
struct bpf_struct_ops_value kvalue;
};
#define VALUE_PREFIX "bpf_struct_ops_"
#define VALUE_PREFIX_LEN (sizeof(VALUE_PREFIX) - 1)
/* bpf_struct_ops_##_name (e.g. bpf_struct_ops_tcp_congestion_ops) is
* the map's value exposed to the userspace and its btf-type-id is
* stored at the map->btf_vmlinux_value_type_id.
*
*/
#define BPF_STRUCT_OPS_TYPE(_name) \
extern struct bpf_struct_ops bpf_##_name; \
\
struct bpf_struct_ops_##_name { \
BPF_STRUCT_OPS_COMMON_VALUE; \
struct _name data ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp; \
};
#include "bpf_struct_ops_types.h"
#undef BPF_STRUCT_OPS_TYPE
enum {
#define BPF_STRUCT_OPS_TYPE(_name) BPF_STRUCT_OPS_TYPE_##_name,
#include "bpf_struct_ops_types.h"
#undef BPF_STRUCT_OPS_TYPE
__NR_BPF_STRUCT_OPS_TYPE,
};
static struct bpf_struct_ops * const bpf_struct_ops[] = {
#define BPF_STRUCT_OPS_TYPE(_name) \
[BPF_STRUCT_OPS_TYPE_##_name] = &bpf_##_name,
#include "bpf_struct_ops_types.h"
#undef BPF_STRUCT_OPS_TYPE
};
const struct bpf_verifier_ops bpf_struct_ops_verifier_ops = {
};
const struct bpf_prog_ops bpf_struct_ops_prog_ops = {
};
static const struct btf_type *module_type;
void bpf_struct_ops_init(struct btf *btf, struct bpf_verifier_log *log)
{
s32 type_id, value_id, module_id;
const struct btf_member *member;
struct bpf_struct_ops *st_ops;
const struct btf_type *t;
char value_name[128];
const char *mname;
u32 i, j;
/* Ensure BTF type is emitted for "struct bpf_struct_ops_##_name" */
#define BPF_STRUCT_OPS_TYPE(_name) BTF_TYPE_EMIT(struct bpf_struct_ops_##_name);
#include "bpf_struct_ops_types.h"
#undef BPF_STRUCT_OPS_TYPE
module_id = btf_find_by_name_kind(btf, "module", BTF_KIND_STRUCT);
if (module_id < 0) {
pr_warn("Cannot find struct module in btf_vmlinux\n");
return;
}
module_type = btf_type_by_id(btf, module_id);
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(bpf_struct_ops); i++) {
st_ops = bpf_struct_ops[i];
if (strlen(st_ops->name) + VALUE_PREFIX_LEN >=
sizeof(value_name)) {
pr_warn("struct_ops name %s is too long\n",
st_ops->name);
continue;
}
sprintf(value_name, "%s%s", VALUE_PREFIX, st_ops->name);
value_id = btf_find_by_name_kind(btf, value_name,
BTF_KIND_STRUCT);
if (value_id < 0) {
pr_warn("Cannot find struct %s in btf_vmlinux\n",
value_name);
continue;
}
type_id = btf_find_by_name_kind(btf, st_ops->name,
BTF_KIND_STRUCT);
if (type_id < 0) {
pr_warn("Cannot find struct %s in btf_vmlinux\n",
st_ops->name);
continue;
}
t = btf_type_by_id(btf, type_id);
if (btf_type_vlen(t) > BPF_STRUCT_OPS_MAX_NR_MEMBERS) {
pr_warn("Cannot support #%u members in struct %s\n",
btf_type_vlen(t), st_ops->name);
continue;
}
for_each_member(j, t, member) {
const struct btf_type *func_proto;
mname = btf_name_by_offset(btf, member->name_off);
if (!*mname) {
pr_warn("anon member in struct %s is not supported\n",
st_ops->name);
break;
}
if (btf_member_bitfield_size(t, member)) {
pr_warn("bit field member %s in struct %s is not supported\n",
mname, st_ops->name);
break;
}
func_proto = btf_type_resolve_func_ptr(btf,
member->type,
NULL);
if (func_proto &&
btf_distill_func_proto(log, btf,
func_proto, mname,
&st_ops->func_models[j])) {
pr_warn("Error in parsing func ptr %s in struct %s\n",
mname, st_ops->name);
break;
}
}
if (j == btf_type_vlen(t)) {
if (st_ops->init(btf)) {
pr_warn("Error in init bpf_struct_ops %s\n",
st_ops->name);
} else {
st_ops->type_id = type_id;
st_ops->type = t;
st_ops->value_id = value_id;
st_ops->value_type = btf_type_by_id(btf,
value_id);
}
}
}
}
extern struct btf *btf_vmlinux;
static const struct bpf_struct_ops *
bpf_struct_ops_find_value(u32 value_id)
{
unsigned int i;
if (!value_id || !btf_vmlinux)
return NULL;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(bpf_struct_ops); i++) {
if (bpf_struct_ops[i]->value_id == value_id)
return bpf_struct_ops[i];
}
return NULL;
}
const struct bpf_struct_ops *bpf_struct_ops_find(u32 type_id)
{
unsigned int i;
if (!type_id || !btf_vmlinux)
return NULL;
for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(bpf_struct_ops); i++) {
if (bpf_struct_ops[i]->type_id == type_id)
return bpf_struct_ops[i];
}
return NULL;
}
static int bpf_struct_ops_map_get_next_key(struct bpf_map *map, void *key,
void *next_key)
{
if (key && *(u32 *)key == 0)
return -ENOENT;
*(u32 *)next_key = 0;
return 0;
}
int bpf_struct_ops_map_sys_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key,
void *value)
{
struct bpf_struct_ops_map *st_map = (struct bpf_struct_ops_map *)map;
struct bpf_struct_ops_value *uvalue, *kvalue;
enum bpf_struct_ops_state state;
if (unlikely(*(u32 *)key != 0))
return -ENOENT;
kvalue = &st_map->kvalue;
/* Pair with smp_store_release() during map_update */
state = smp_load_acquire(&kvalue->state);
if (state == BPF_STRUCT_OPS_STATE_INIT) {
memset(value, 0, map->value_size);
return 0;
}
/* No lock is needed. state and refcnt do not need
* to be updated together under atomic context.
*/
uvalue = (struct bpf_struct_ops_value *)value;
memcpy(uvalue, st_map->uvalue, map->value_size);
uvalue->state = state;
refcount_set(&uvalue->refcnt, refcount_read(&kvalue->refcnt));
return 0;
}
static void *bpf_struct_ops_map_lookup_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key)
{
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
}
static void bpf_struct_ops_map_put_progs(struct bpf_struct_ops_map *st_map)
{
const struct btf_type *t = st_map->st_ops->type;
u32 i;
for (i = 0; i < btf_type_vlen(t); i++) {
if (st_map->progs[i]) {
bpf_prog_put(st_map->progs[i]);
st_map->progs[i] = NULL;
}
}
}
static int check_zero_holes(const struct btf_type *t, void *data)
{
const struct btf_member *member;
u32 i, moff, msize, prev_mend = 0;
const struct btf_type *mtype;
for_each_member(i, t, member) {
moff = btf_member_bit_offset(t, member) / 8;
if (moff > prev_mend &&
memchr_inv(data + prev_mend, 0, moff - prev_mend))
return -EINVAL;
mtype = btf_type_by_id(btf_vmlinux, member->type);
mtype = btf_resolve_size(btf_vmlinux, mtype, &msize,
NULL, NULL);
if (IS_ERR(mtype))
return PTR_ERR(mtype);
prev_mend = moff + msize;
}
if (t->size > prev_mend &&
memchr_inv(data + prev_mend, 0, t->size - prev_mend))
return -EINVAL;
return 0;
}
static int bpf_struct_ops_map_update_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key,
void *value, u64 flags)
{
struct bpf_struct_ops_map *st_map = (struct bpf_struct_ops_map *)map;
const struct bpf_struct_ops *st_ops = st_map->st_ops;
struct bpf_struct_ops_value *uvalue, *kvalue;
const struct btf_member *member;
const struct btf_type *t = st_ops->type;
void *udata, *kdata;
int prog_fd, err = 0;
void *image;
u32 i;
if (flags)
return -EINVAL;
if (*(u32 *)key != 0)
return -E2BIG;
err = check_zero_holes(st_ops->value_type, value);
if (err)
return err;
uvalue = (struct bpf_struct_ops_value *)value;
err = check_zero_holes(t, uvalue->data);
if (err)
return err;
if (uvalue->state || refcount_read(&uvalue->refcnt))
return -EINVAL;
uvalue = (struct bpf_struct_ops_value *)st_map->uvalue;
kvalue = (struct bpf_struct_ops_value *)&st_map->kvalue;
mutex_lock(&st_map->lock);
if (kvalue->state != BPF_STRUCT_OPS_STATE_INIT) {
err = -EBUSY;
goto unlock;
}
memcpy(uvalue, value, map->value_size);
udata = &uvalue->data;
kdata = &kvalue->data;
image = st_map->image;
for_each_member(i, t, member) {
const struct btf_type *mtype, *ptype;
struct bpf_prog *prog;
u32 moff;
moff = btf_member_bit_offset(t, member) / 8;
ptype = btf_type_resolve_ptr(btf_vmlinux, member->type, NULL);
if (ptype == module_type) {
if (*(void **)(udata + moff))
goto reset_unlock;
*(void **)(kdata + moff) = BPF_MODULE_OWNER;
continue;
}
err = st_ops->init_member(t, member, kdata, udata);
if (err < 0)
goto reset_unlock;
/* The ->init_member() has handled this member */
if (err > 0)
continue;
/* If st_ops->init_member does not handle it,
* we will only handle func ptrs and zero-ed members
* here. Reject everything else.
*/
/* All non func ptr member must be 0 */
if (!ptype || !btf_type_is_func_proto(ptype)) {
u32 msize;
mtype = btf_type_by_id(btf_vmlinux, member->type);
mtype = btf_resolve_size(btf_vmlinux, mtype, &msize,
NULL, NULL);
if (IS_ERR(mtype)) {
err = PTR_ERR(mtype);
goto reset_unlock;
}
if (memchr_inv(udata + moff, 0, msize)) {
err = -EINVAL;
goto reset_unlock;
}
continue;
}
prog_fd = (int)(*(unsigned long *)(udata + moff));
/* Similar check as the attr->attach_prog_fd */
if (!prog_fd)
continue;
prog = bpf_prog_get(prog_fd);
if (IS_ERR(prog)) {
err = PTR_ERR(prog);
goto reset_unlock;
}
st_map->progs[i] = prog;
if (prog->type != BPF_PROG_TYPE_STRUCT_OPS ||
prog->aux->attach_btf_id != st_ops->type_id ||
prog->expected_attach_type != i) {
err = -EINVAL;
goto reset_unlock;
}
err = arch_prepare_bpf_trampoline(image,
st_map->image + PAGE_SIZE,
&st_ops->func_models[i], 0,
&prog, 1, NULL, 0, NULL);
if (err < 0)
goto reset_unlock;
*(void **)(kdata + moff) = image;
image += err;
/* put prog_id to udata */
*(unsigned long *)(udata + moff) = prog->aux->id;
}
refcount_set(&kvalue->refcnt, 1);
bpf_map_inc(map);
set_memory_ro((long)st_map->image, 1);
set_memory_x((long)st_map->image, 1);
err = st_ops->reg(kdata);
if (likely(!err)) {
/* Pair with smp_load_acquire() during lookup_elem().
* It ensures the above udata updates (e.g. prog->aux->id)
* can be seen once BPF_STRUCT_OPS_STATE_INUSE is set.
*/
smp_store_release(&kvalue->state, BPF_STRUCT_OPS_STATE_INUSE);
goto unlock;
}
/* Error during st_ops->reg(). It is very unlikely since
* the above init_member() should have caught it earlier
* before reg(). The only possibility is if there was a race
* in registering the struct_ops (under the same name) to
* a sub-system through different struct_ops's maps.
*/
set_memory_nx((long)st_map->image, 1);
set_memory_rw((long)st_map->image, 1);
bpf_map_put(map);
reset_unlock:
bpf_struct_ops_map_put_progs(st_map);
memset(uvalue, 0, map->value_size);
memset(kvalue, 0, map->value_size);
unlock:
mutex_unlock(&st_map->lock);
return err;
}
static int bpf_struct_ops_map_delete_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key)
{
enum bpf_struct_ops_state prev_state;
struct bpf_struct_ops_map *st_map;
st_map = (struct bpf_struct_ops_map *)map;
prev_state = cmpxchg(&st_map->kvalue.state,
BPF_STRUCT_OPS_STATE_INUSE,
BPF_STRUCT_OPS_STATE_TOBEFREE);
if (prev_state == BPF_STRUCT_OPS_STATE_INUSE) {
st_map->st_ops->unreg(&st_map->kvalue.data);
if (refcount_dec_and_test(&st_map->kvalue.refcnt))
bpf_map_put(map);
}
return 0;
}
static void bpf_struct_ops_map_seq_show_elem(struct bpf_map *map, void *key,
struct seq_file *m)
{
void *value;
int err;
value = kmalloc(map->value_size, GFP_USER | __GFP_NOWARN);
if (!value)
return;
err = bpf_struct_ops_map_sys_lookup_elem(map, key, value);
if (!err) {
btf_type_seq_show(btf_vmlinux, map->btf_vmlinux_value_type_id,
value, m);
seq_puts(m, "\n");
}
kfree(value);
}
static void bpf_struct_ops_map_free(struct bpf_map *map)
{
struct bpf_struct_ops_map *st_map = (struct bpf_struct_ops_map *)map;
if (st_map->progs)
bpf_struct_ops_map_put_progs(st_map);
bpf_map_area_free(st_map->progs);
bpf_jit_free_exec(st_map->image);
bpf_map_area_free(st_map->uvalue);
bpf_map_area_free(st_map);
}
static int bpf_struct_ops_map_alloc_check(union bpf_attr *attr)
{
if (attr->key_size != sizeof(unsigned int) || attr->max_entries != 1 ||
attr->map_flags || !attr->btf_vmlinux_value_type_id)
return -EINVAL;
return 0;
}
static struct bpf_map *bpf_struct_ops_map_alloc(union bpf_attr *attr)
{
const struct bpf_struct_ops *st_ops;
size_t map_total_size, st_map_size;
struct bpf_struct_ops_map *st_map;
const struct btf_type *t, *vt;
struct bpf_map_memory mem;
struct bpf_map *map;
int err;
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
return ERR_PTR(-EPERM);
st_ops = bpf_struct_ops_find_value(attr->btf_vmlinux_value_type_id);
if (!st_ops)
return ERR_PTR(-ENOTSUPP);
vt = st_ops->value_type;
if (attr->value_size != vt->size)
return ERR_PTR(-EINVAL);
t = st_ops->type;
st_map_size = sizeof(*st_map) +
/* kvalue stores the
* struct bpf_struct_ops_tcp_congestions_ops
*/
(vt->size - sizeof(struct bpf_struct_ops_value));
map_total_size = st_map_size +
/* uvalue */
sizeof(vt->size) +
/* struct bpf_progs **progs */
btf_type_vlen(t) * sizeof(struct bpf_prog *);
err = bpf_map_charge_init(&mem, map_total_size);
if (err < 0)
return ERR_PTR(err);
st_map = bpf_map_area_alloc(st_map_size, NUMA_NO_NODE);
if (!st_map) {
bpf_map_charge_finish(&mem);
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
}
st_map->st_ops = st_ops;
map = &st_map->map;
st_map->uvalue = bpf_map_area_alloc(vt->size, NUMA_NO_NODE);
st_map->progs =
bpf_map_area_alloc(btf_type_vlen(t) * sizeof(struct bpf_prog *),
NUMA_NO_NODE);
st_map->image = bpf_jit_alloc_exec(PAGE_SIZE);
if (!st_map->uvalue || !st_map->progs || !st_map->image) {
bpf_struct_ops_map_free(map);
bpf_map_charge_finish(&mem);
return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
}
mutex_init(&st_map->lock);
set_vm_flush_reset_perms(st_map->image);
bpf_map_init_from_attr(map, attr);
bpf_map_charge_move(&map->memory, &mem);
return map;
}
const struct bpf_map_ops bpf_struct_ops_map_ops = {
.map_alloc_check = bpf_struct_ops_map_alloc_check,
.map_alloc = bpf_struct_ops_map_alloc,
.map_free = bpf_struct_ops_map_free,
.map_get_next_key = bpf_struct_ops_map_get_next_key,
.map_lookup_elem = bpf_struct_ops_map_lookup_elem,
.map_delete_elem = bpf_struct_ops_map_delete_elem,
.map_update_elem = bpf_struct_ops_map_update_elem,
.map_seq_show_elem = bpf_struct_ops_map_seq_show_elem,
};
/* "const void *" because some subsystem is
* passing a const (e.g. const struct tcp_congestion_ops *)
*/
bool bpf_struct_ops_get(const void *kdata)
{
struct bpf_struct_ops_value *kvalue;
kvalue = container_of(kdata, struct bpf_struct_ops_value, data);
return refcount_inc_not_zero(&kvalue->refcnt);
}
void bpf_struct_ops_put(const void *kdata)
{
struct bpf_struct_ops_value *kvalue;
kvalue = container_of(kdata, struct bpf_struct_ops_value, data);
if (refcount_dec_and_test(&kvalue->refcnt)) {
struct bpf_struct_ops_map *st_map;
st_map = container_of(kvalue, struct bpf_struct_ops_map,
kvalue);
bpf_map_put(&st_map->map);
}
}