x86/asm: Replace __force_order with a memory clobber
The CRn accessor functions use __force_order as a dummy operand to
prevent the compiler from reordering CRn reads/writes with respect to
The fact that the asm is volatile should be enough to prevent this:
volatile asm statements should be executed in program order. However GCC
4.9.x and 5.x have a bug that might result in reordering. This was fixed
in 8.1, 7.3 and 6.5. Versions prior to these, including 5.x and 4.9.x,
may reorder volatile asm statements with respect to each other.
There are some issues with __force_order as implemented:
- It is used only as an input operand for the write functions, and hence
doesn't do anything additional to prevent reordering writes.
- It allows memory accesses to be cached/reordered across write
functions, but CRn writes affect the semantics of memory accesses, so
this could be dangerous.
- __force_order is not actually defined in the kernel proper, but the
LLVM toolchain can in some cases require a definition: LLVM (as well
as GCC 4.9) requires it for PIE code, which is why the compressed
kernel has a definition, but also the clang integrated assembler may
consider the address of __force_order to be significant, resulting in
a reference that requires a definition.
Fix this by:
- Using a memory clobber for the write functions to additionally prevent
caching/reordering memory accesses across CRn writes.
- Using a dummy input operand with an arbitrary constant address for the
read functions, instead of a global variable. This will prevent reads
from being reordered across writes, while allowing memory loads to be
cached/reordered across CRn reads, which should be safe.
Signed-off-by: Arvind Sankar <email@example.com>
Signed-off-by: Borislav Petkov <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Reviewed-by: Kees Cook <email@example.com>
Reviewed-by: Miguel Ojeda <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Tested-by: Nathan Chancellor <email@example.com>
Tested-by: Sedat Dilek <firstname.lastname@example.org>
3 files changed