Merge tag 'x86-entry-2020-06-12' of git://

Pull x86 entry updates from Thomas Gleixner:
 "The x86 entry, exception and interrupt code rework

  This all started about 6 month ago with the attempt to move the Posix
  CPU timer heavy lifting out of the timer interrupt code and just have
  lockless quick checks in that code path. Trivial 5 patches.

  This unearthed an inconsistency in the KVM handling of task work and
  the review requested to move all of this into generic code so other
  architectures can share.

  Valid request and solved with another 25 patches but those unearthed
  inconsistencies vs. RCU and instrumentation.

  Digging into this made it obvious that there are quite some
  inconsistencies vs. instrumentation in general. The int3 text poke
  handling in particular was completely unprotected and with the batched
  update of trace events even more likely to expose to endless int3

  In parallel the RCU implications of instrumenting fragile entry code
  came up in several discussions.

  The conclusion of the x86 maintainer team was to go all the way and
  make the protection against any form of instrumentation of fragile and
  dangerous code pathes enforcable and verifiable by tooling.

  A first batch of preparatory work hit mainline with commit
  d5f744f9a2ac ("Pull x86 entry code updates from Thomas Gleixner")

  That (almost) full solution introduced a new code section
  '.noinstr.text' into which all code which needs to be protected from
  instrumentation of all sorts goes into. Any call into instrumentable
  code out of this section has to be annotated. objtool has support to
  validate this.

  Kprobes now excludes this section fully which also prevents BPF from
  fiddling with it and all 'noinstr' annotated functions also keep
  ftrace off. The section, kprobes and objtool changes are already

  The major changes coming with this are:

    - Preparatory cleanups

    - Annotating of relevant functions to move them into the
      noinstr.text section or enforcing inlining by marking them
      __always_inline so the compiler cannot misplace or instrument

    - Splitting and simplifying the idtentry macro maze so that it is
      now clearly separated into simple exception entries and the more
      interesting ones which use interrupt stacks and have the paranoid
      handling vs. CR3 and GS.

    - Move quite some of the low level ASM functionality into C code:

       - enter_from and exit to user space handling. The ASM code now
         calls into C after doing the really necessary ASM handling and
         the return path goes back out without bells and whistels in

       - exception entry/exit got the equivivalent treatment

       - move all IRQ tracepoints from ASM to C so they can be placed as
         appropriate which is especially important for the int3
         recursion issue.

    - Consolidate the declaration and definition of entry points between
      32 and 64 bit. They share a common header and macros now.

    - Remove the extra device interrupt entry maze and just use the
      regular exception entry code.

    - All ASM entry points except NMI are now generated from the shared
      header file and the corresponding macros in the 32 and 64 bit
      entry ASM.

    - The C code entry points are consolidated as well with the help of
      DEFINE_IDTENTRY*() macros. This allows to ensure at one central
      point that all corresponding entry points share the same
      semantics. The actual function body for most entry points is in an
      instrumentable and sane state.

      There are special macros for the more sensitive entry points, e.g.
      INT3 and of course the nasty paranoid #NMI, #MCE, #DB and #DF.
      They allow to put the whole entry instrumentation and RCU handling
      into safe places instead of the previous pray that it is correct

    - The INT3 text poke handling is now completely isolated and the
      recursion issue banned. Aside of the entry rework this required
      other isolation work, e.g. the ability to force inline bsearch.

    - Prevent #DB on fragile entry code, entry relevant memory and
      disable it on NMI, #MC entry, which allowed to get rid of the
      nested #DB IST stack shifting hackery.

    - A few other cleanups and enhancements which have been made
      possible through this and already merged changes, e.g.
      consolidating and further restricting the IDT code so the IDT
      table becomes RO after init which removes yet another popular
      attack vector

    - About 680 lines of ASM maze are gone.

  There are a few open issues:

   - An escape out of the noinstr section in the MCE handler which needs
     some more thought but under the aspect that MCE is a complete
     trainwreck by design and the propability to survive it is low, this
     was not high on the priority list.

   - Paravirtualization

     When PV is enabled then objtool complains about a bunch of indirect
     calls out of the noinstr section. There are a few straight forward
     ways to fix this, but the other issues vs. general correctness were
     more pressing than parawitz.

   - KVM

     KVM is inconsistent as well. Patches have been posted, but they
     have not yet been commented on or picked up by the KVM folks.

   - IDLE

     Pretty much the same problems can be found in the low level idle
     code especially the parts where RCU stopped watching. This was
     beyond the scope of the more obvious and exposable problems and is
     on the todo list.

  The lesson learned from this brain melting exercise to morph the
  evolved code base into something which can be validated and understood
  is that once again the violation of the most important engineering
  principle "correctness first" has caused quite a few people to spend
  valuable time on problems which could have been avoided in the first
  place. The "features first" tinkering mindset really has to stop.

  With that I want to say thanks to everyone involved in contributing to
  this effort. Special thanks go to the following people (alphabetical
  order): Alexandre Chartre, Andy Lutomirski, Borislav Petkov, Brian
  Gerst, Frederic Weisbecker, Josh Poimboeuf, Juergen Gross, Lai
  Jiangshan, Macro Elver, Paolo Bonzin,i Paul McKenney, Peter Zijlstra,
  Vitaly Kuznetsov, and Will Deacon"

* tag 'x86-entry-2020-06-12' of git:// (142 commits)
  x86/entry: Force rcu_irq_enter() when in idle task
  x86/entry: Make NMI use IDTENTRY_RAW
  x86/entry: Treat BUG/WARN as NMI-like entries
  x86/entry: Unbreak __irqentry_text_start/end magic
  x86/entry: __always_inline CR2 for noinstr
  lockdep: __always_inline more for noinstr
  x86/entry: Re-order #DB handler to avoid *SAN instrumentation
  x86/entry: __always_inline arch_atomic_* for noinstr
  x86/entry: __always_inline irqflags for noinstr
  x86/entry: __always_inline debugreg for noinstr
  x86/idt: Consolidate idt functionality
  x86/idt: Cleanup trap_init()
  x86/idt: Use proper constants for table size
  x86/idt: Add comments about early #PF handling
  x86/idt: Mark init only functions __init
  x86/entry: Rename trace_hardirqs_off_prepare()
  x86/entry: Clarify irq_{enter,exit}_rcu()
  x86/entry: Remove DBn stacks
  x86/entry: Remove debug IDT frobbing
  x86/entry: Optimize local_db_save() for virt