alpha: fix memory barriers so that they conform to the specification

The commits cd0e00c10672 and 92d7223a7423 broke boot on the Alpha Avanti
platform. The patches move memory barriers after a write before the write.
The result is that if there's iowrite followed by ioread, there is no
barrier between them.

The Alpha architecture allows reordering of the accesses to the I/O space,
and the missing barrier between write and read causes hang with serial
port and real time clock.

This patch makes barriers confiorm to the specification.

1. We add mb() before readX_relaxed and writeX_relaxed -
   memory-barriers.txt claims that these functions must be ordered w.r.t.
   each other. Alpha doesn't order them, so we need an explicit barrier.
2. We add mb() before reads from the I/O space - so that if there's a
   write followed by a read, there should be a barrier between them.

Signed-off-by: Mikulas Patocka <>
Fixes: cd0e00c10672 ("alpha: io: reorder barriers to guarantee writeX() and iowriteX() ordering")
Fixes: 92d7223a7423 ("alpha: io: reorder barriers to guarantee writeX() and iowriteX() ordering #2")
Cc:      # v4.17+
Acked-by: Ivan Kokshaysky <>
Reviewed-by: Maciej W. Rozycki <>
Signed-off-by: Matt Turner <>
2 files changed