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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
* linux/include/linux/hfsplus_fs.h
* Copyright (C) 1999
* Brad Boyer (
* (C) 2003 Ardis Technologies <>
#ifdef pr_fmt
#undef pr_fmt
#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/blkdev.h>
#include "hfsplus_raw.h"
#define DBG_BNODE_REFS 0x00000001
#define DBG_BNODE_MOD 0x00000002
#define DBG_CAT_MOD 0x00000004
#define DBG_INODE 0x00000008
#define DBG_SUPER 0x00000010
#define DBG_EXTENT 0x00000020
#define DBG_BITMAP 0x00000040
#define DBG_ATTR_MOD 0x00000080
#if 0
#define DBG_MASK (0)
#define hfs_dbg(flg, fmt, ...) \
do { \
if (DBG_##flg & DBG_MASK) \
printk(KERN_DEBUG pr_fmt(fmt), ##__VA_ARGS__); \
} while (0)
#define hfs_dbg_cont(flg, fmt, ...) \
do { \
if (DBG_##flg & DBG_MASK) \
pr_cont(fmt, ##__VA_ARGS__); \
} while (0)
/* Runtime config options */
#define HFSPLUS_DEF_CR_TYPE 0x3F3F3F3F /* '????' */
#define HFSPLUS_TYPE_DATA 0x00
typedef int (*btree_keycmp)(const hfsplus_btree_key *,
const hfsplus_btree_key *);
#define NODE_HASH_SIZE 256
/* B-tree mutex nested subclasses */
enum hfsplus_btree_mutex_classes {
/* An HFS+ BTree held in memory */
struct hfs_btree {
struct super_block *sb;
struct inode *inode;
btree_keycmp keycmp;
u32 cnid;
u32 root;
u32 leaf_count;
u32 leaf_head;
u32 leaf_tail;
u32 node_count;
u32 free_nodes;
u32 attributes;
unsigned int node_size;
unsigned int node_size_shift;
unsigned int max_key_len;
unsigned int depth;
struct mutex tree_lock;
unsigned int pages_per_bnode;
spinlock_t hash_lock;
struct hfs_bnode *node_hash[NODE_HASH_SIZE];
int node_hash_cnt;
struct page;
/* An HFS+ BTree node in memory */
struct hfs_bnode {
struct hfs_btree *tree;
u32 prev;
u32 this;
u32 next;
u32 parent;
u16 num_recs;
u8 type;
u8 height;
struct hfs_bnode *next_hash;
unsigned long flags;
wait_queue_head_t lock_wq;
atomic_t refcnt;
unsigned int page_offset;
struct page *page[0];
#define HFS_BNODE_LOCK 0
#define HFS_BNODE_NEW 2
* Attributes file states
* HFS+ superblock info (built from Volume Header on disk)
struct hfsplus_vh;
struct hfs_btree;
struct hfsplus_sb_info {
void *s_vhdr_buf;
struct hfsplus_vh *s_vhdr;
void *s_backup_vhdr_buf;
struct hfsplus_vh *s_backup_vhdr;
struct hfs_btree *ext_tree;
struct hfs_btree *cat_tree;
struct hfs_btree *attr_tree;
atomic_t attr_tree_state;
struct inode *alloc_file;
struct inode *hidden_dir;
struct nls_table *nls;
/* Runtime variables */
u32 blockoffset;
sector_t part_start;
sector_t sect_count;
int fs_shift;
/* immutable data from the volume header */
u32 alloc_blksz;
int alloc_blksz_shift;
u32 total_blocks;
u32 data_clump_blocks, rsrc_clump_blocks;
/* mutable data from the volume header, protected by alloc_mutex */
u32 free_blocks;
struct mutex alloc_mutex;
/* mutable data from the volume header, protected by vh_mutex */
u32 next_cnid;
u32 file_count;
u32 folder_count;
struct mutex vh_mutex;
/* Config options */
u32 creator;
u32 type;
umode_t umask;
kuid_t uid;
kgid_t gid;
int part, session;
unsigned long flags;
int work_queued; /* non-zero delayed work is queued */
struct delayed_work sync_work; /* FS sync delayed work */
spinlock_t work_lock; /* protects sync_work and work_queued */
static inline struct hfsplus_sb_info *HFSPLUS_SB(struct super_block *sb)
return sb->s_fs_info;
struct hfsplus_inode_info {
atomic_t opencnt;
* Extent allocation information, protected by extents_lock.
u32 first_blocks;
u32 clump_blocks;
u32 alloc_blocks;
u32 cached_start;
u32 cached_blocks;
hfsplus_extent_rec first_extents;
hfsplus_extent_rec cached_extents;
unsigned int extent_state;
struct mutex extents_lock;
* Immutable data.
struct inode *rsrc_inode;
__be32 create_date;
* Protected by sbi->vh_mutex.
u32 linkid;
* Accessed using atomic bitops.
unsigned long flags;
* Protected by i_mutex.
sector_t fs_blocks;
u8 userflags; /* BSD user file flags */
u32 subfolders; /* Subfolder count (HFSX only) */
struct list_head open_dir_list;
spinlock_t open_dir_lock;
loff_t phys_size;
struct inode vfs_inode;
#define HFSPLUS_EXT_DIRTY 0x0001
#define HFSPLUS_EXT_NEW 0x0002
#define HFSPLUS_I_RSRC 0 /* represents a resource fork */
#define HFSPLUS_I_CAT_DIRTY 1 /* has changes in the catalog tree */
#define HFSPLUS_I_EXT_DIRTY 2 /* has changes in the extent tree */
#define HFSPLUS_I_ALLOC_DIRTY 3 /* has changes in the allocation file */
#define HFSPLUS_I_ATTR_DIRTY 4 /* has changes in the attributes tree */
#define HFSPLUS_IS_RSRC(inode) \
test_bit(HFSPLUS_I_RSRC, &HFSPLUS_I(inode)->flags)
static inline struct hfsplus_inode_info *HFSPLUS_I(struct inode *inode)
return container_of(inode, struct hfsplus_inode_info, vfs_inode);
* Mark an inode dirty, and also mark the btree in which the
* specific type of metadata is stored.
* For data or metadata that gets written back by into the catalog btree
* by hfsplus_write_inode a plain mark_inode_dirty call is enough.
static inline void hfsplus_mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode,
unsigned int flag)
set_bit(flag, &HFSPLUS_I(inode)->flags);
struct hfs_find_data {
/* filled by caller */
hfsplus_btree_key *search_key;
hfsplus_btree_key *key;
/* filled by find */
struct hfs_btree *tree;
struct hfs_bnode *bnode;
/* filled by findrec */
int record;
int keyoffset, keylength;
int entryoffset, entrylength;
struct hfsplus_readdir_data {
struct list_head list;
struct file *file;
struct hfsplus_cat_key key;
* Find minimum acceptible I/O size for an hfsplus sb.
static inline unsigned short hfsplus_min_io_size(struct super_block *sb)
return max_t(unsigned short, bdev_logical_block_size(sb->s_bdev),
#define hfs_btree_open hfsplus_btree_open
#define hfs_btree_close hfsplus_btree_close
#define hfs_btree_write hfsplus_btree_write
#define hfs_bmap_reserve hfsplus_bmap_reserve
#define hfs_bmap_alloc hfsplus_bmap_alloc
#define hfs_bmap_free hfsplus_bmap_free
#define hfs_bnode_read hfsplus_bnode_read
#define hfs_bnode_read_u16 hfsplus_bnode_read_u16
#define hfs_bnode_read_u8 hfsplus_bnode_read_u8
#define hfs_bnode_read_key hfsplus_bnode_read_key
#define hfs_bnode_write hfsplus_bnode_write
#define hfs_bnode_write_u16 hfsplus_bnode_write_u16
#define hfs_bnode_clear hfsplus_bnode_clear
#define hfs_bnode_copy hfsplus_bnode_copy
#define hfs_bnode_move hfsplus_bnode_move
#define hfs_bnode_dump hfsplus_bnode_dump
#define hfs_bnode_unlink hfsplus_bnode_unlink
#define hfs_bnode_findhash hfsplus_bnode_findhash
#define hfs_bnode_find hfsplus_bnode_find
#define hfs_bnode_unhash hfsplus_bnode_unhash
#define hfs_bnode_free hfsplus_bnode_free
#define hfs_bnode_create hfsplus_bnode_create
#define hfs_bnode_get hfsplus_bnode_get
#define hfs_bnode_put hfsplus_bnode_put
#define hfs_brec_lenoff hfsplus_brec_lenoff
#define hfs_brec_keylen hfsplus_brec_keylen
#define hfs_brec_insert hfsplus_brec_insert
#define hfs_brec_remove hfsplus_brec_remove
#define hfs_find_init hfsplus_find_init
#define hfs_find_exit hfsplus_find_exit
#define __hfs_brec_find __hfsplus_brec_find
#define hfs_brec_find hfsplus_brec_find
#define hfs_brec_read hfsplus_brec_read
#define hfs_brec_goto hfsplus_brec_goto
#define hfs_part_find hfsplus_part_find
* definitions for ext2 flag ioctls (linux really needs a generic
* interface for this).
/* ext2 ioctls (EXT2_IOC_GETFLAGS and EXT2_IOC_SETFLAGS) to support
* chattr/lsattr */
* hfs+-specific ioctl for making the filesystem bootable
#define HFSPLUS_IOC_BLESS _IO('h', 0x80)
typedef int (*search_strategy_t)(struct hfs_bnode *,
struct hfs_find_data *,
int *, int *, int *);
* Functions in any *.c used in other files
/* attributes.c */
int __init hfsplus_create_attr_tree_cache(void);
void hfsplus_destroy_attr_tree_cache(void);
int hfsplus_attr_bin_cmp_key(const hfsplus_btree_key *k1,
const hfsplus_btree_key *k2);
int hfsplus_attr_build_key(struct super_block *sb, hfsplus_btree_key *key,
u32 cnid, const char *name);
hfsplus_attr_entry *hfsplus_alloc_attr_entry(void);
void hfsplus_destroy_attr_entry(hfsplus_attr_entry *entry);
int hfsplus_find_attr(struct super_block *sb, u32 cnid, const char *name,
struct hfs_find_data *fd);
int hfsplus_attr_exists(struct inode *inode, const char *name);
int hfsplus_create_attr(struct inode *inode, const char *name,
const void *value, size_t size);
int hfsplus_delete_attr(struct inode *inode, const char *name);
int hfsplus_delete_all_attrs(struct inode *dir, u32 cnid);
/* bitmap.c */
int hfsplus_block_allocate(struct super_block *sb, u32 size, u32 offset,
u32 *max);
int hfsplus_block_free(struct super_block *sb, u32 offset, u32 count);
/* btree.c */
u32 hfsplus_calc_btree_clump_size(u32 block_size, u32 node_size, u64 sectors,
int file_id);
struct hfs_btree *hfs_btree_open(struct super_block *sb, u32 id);
void hfs_btree_close(struct hfs_btree *tree);
int hfs_btree_write(struct hfs_btree *tree);
int hfs_bmap_reserve(struct hfs_btree *tree, int rsvd_nodes);
struct hfs_bnode *hfs_bmap_alloc(struct hfs_btree *tree);
void hfs_bmap_free(struct hfs_bnode *node);
/* bnode.c */
void hfs_bnode_read(struct hfs_bnode *node, void *buf, int off, int len);
u16 hfs_bnode_read_u16(struct hfs_bnode *node, int off);
u8 hfs_bnode_read_u8(struct hfs_bnode *node, int off);
void hfs_bnode_read_key(struct hfs_bnode *node, void *key, int off);
void hfs_bnode_write(struct hfs_bnode *node, void *buf, int off, int len);
void hfs_bnode_write_u16(struct hfs_bnode *node, int off, u16 data);
void hfs_bnode_clear(struct hfs_bnode *node, int off, int len);
void hfs_bnode_copy(struct hfs_bnode *dst_node, int dst,
struct hfs_bnode *src_node, int src, int len);
void hfs_bnode_move(struct hfs_bnode *node, int dst, int src, int len);
void hfs_bnode_dump(struct hfs_bnode *node);
void hfs_bnode_unlink(struct hfs_bnode *node);
struct hfs_bnode *hfs_bnode_findhash(struct hfs_btree *tree, u32 cnid);
void hfs_bnode_unhash(struct hfs_bnode *node);
struct hfs_bnode *hfs_bnode_find(struct hfs_btree *tree, u32 num);
void hfs_bnode_free(struct hfs_bnode *node);
struct hfs_bnode *hfs_bnode_create(struct hfs_btree *tree, u32 num);
void hfs_bnode_get(struct hfs_bnode *node);
void hfs_bnode_put(struct hfs_bnode *node);
bool hfs_bnode_need_zeroout(struct hfs_btree *tree);
/* brec.c */
u16 hfs_brec_lenoff(struct hfs_bnode *node, u16 rec, u16 *off);
u16 hfs_brec_keylen(struct hfs_bnode *node, u16 rec);
int hfs_brec_insert(struct hfs_find_data *fd, void *entry, int entry_len);
int hfs_brec_remove(struct hfs_find_data *fd);
/* bfind.c */
int hfs_find_init(struct hfs_btree *tree, struct hfs_find_data *fd);
void hfs_find_exit(struct hfs_find_data *fd);
int hfs_find_1st_rec_by_cnid(struct hfs_bnode *bnode, struct hfs_find_data *fd,
int *begin, int *end, int *cur_rec);
int hfs_find_rec_by_key(struct hfs_bnode *bnode, struct hfs_find_data *fd,
int *begin, int *end, int *cur_rec);
int __hfs_brec_find(struct hfs_bnode *bnode, struct hfs_find_data *fd,
search_strategy_t rec_found);
int hfs_brec_find(struct hfs_find_data *fd, search_strategy_t do_key_compare);
int hfs_brec_read(struct hfs_find_data *fd, void *rec, int rec_len);
int hfs_brec_goto(struct hfs_find_data *fd, int cnt);
/* catalog.c */
int hfsplus_cat_case_cmp_key(const hfsplus_btree_key *k1,
const hfsplus_btree_key *k2);
int hfsplus_cat_bin_cmp_key(const hfsplus_btree_key *k1,
const hfsplus_btree_key *k2);
int hfsplus_cat_build_key(struct super_block *sb, hfsplus_btree_key *key,
u32 parent, const struct qstr *str);
void hfsplus_cat_build_key_with_cnid(struct super_block *sb,
hfsplus_btree_key *key, u32 parent);
void hfsplus_cat_set_perms(struct inode *inode, struct hfsplus_perm *perms);
int hfsplus_find_cat(struct super_block *sb, u32 cnid,
struct hfs_find_data *fd);
int hfsplus_create_cat(u32 cnid, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *str,
struct inode *inode);
int hfsplus_delete_cat(u32 cnid, struct inode *dir, const struct qstr *str);
int hfsplus_rename_cat(u32 cnid, struct inode *src_dir, const struct qstr *src_name,
struct inode *dst_dir, const struct qstr *dst_name);
/* dir.c */
extern const struct inode_operations hfsplus_dir_inode_operations;
extern const struct file_operations hfsplus_dir_operations;
/* extents.c */
int hfsplus_ext_cmp_key(const hfsplus_btree_key *k1,
const hfsplus_btree_key *k2);
int hfsplus_ext_write_extent(struct inode *inode);
int hfsplus_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create);
int hfsplus_free_fork(struct super_block *sb, u32 cnid,
struct hfsplus_fork_raw *fork, int type);
int hfsplus_file_extend(struct inode *inode, bool zeroout);
void hfsplus_file_truncate(struct inode *inode);
/* inode.c */
extern const struct address_space_operations hfsplus_aops;
extern const struct address_space_operations hfsplus_btree_aops;
extern const struct dentry_operations hfsplus_dentry_operations;
struct inode *hfsplus_new_inode(struct super_block *sb, struct inode *dir,
umode_t mode);
void hfsplus_delete_inode(struct inode *inode);
void hfsplus_inode_read_fork(struct inode *inode,
struct hfsplus_fork_raw *fork);
void hfsplus_inode_write_fork(struct inode *inode,
struct hfsplus_fork_raw *fork);
int hfsplus_cat_read_inode(struct inode *inode, struct hfs_find_data *fd);
int hfsplus_cat_write_inode(struct inode *inode);
int hfsplus_getattr(const struct path *path, struct kstat *stat,
u32 request_mask, unsigned int query_flags);
int hfsplus_file_fsync(struct file *file, loff_t start, loff_t end,
int datasync);
/* ioctl.c */
long hfsplus_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg);
/* options.c */
void hfsplus_fill_defaults(struct hfsplus_sb_info *opts);
int hfsplus_parse_options_remount(char *input, int *force);
int hfsplus_parse_options(char *input, struct hfsplus_sb_info *sbi);
int hfsplus_show_options(struct seq_file *seq, struct dentry *root);
/* part_tbl.c */
int hfs_part_find(struct super_block *sb, sector_t *part_start,
sector_t *part_size);
/* super.c */
struct inode *hfsplus_iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino);
void hfsplus_mark_mdb_dirty(struct super_block *sb);
/* tables.c */
extern u16 hfsplus_case_fold_table[];
extern u16 hfsplus_decompose_table[];
extern u16 hfsplus_compose_table[];
/* unicode.c */
int hfsplus_strcasecmp(const struct hfsplus_unistr *s1,
const struct hfsplus_unistr *s2);
int hfsplus_strcmp(const struct hfsplus_unistr *s1,
const struct hfsplus_unistr *s2);
int hfsplus_uni2asc(struct super_block *sb, const struct hfsplus_unistr *ustr,
char *astr, int *len_p);
int hfsplus_asc2uni(struct super_block *sb, struct hfsplus_unistr *ustr,
int max_unistr_len, const char *astr, int len);
int hfsplus_hash_dentry(const struct dentry *dentry, struct qstr *str);
int hfsplus_compare_dentry(const struct dentry *dentry, unsigned int len,
const char *str, const struct qstr *name);
/* wrapper.c */
int hfsplus_submit_bio(struct super_block *sb, sector_t sector, void *buf,
void **data, int op, int op_flags);
int hfsplus_read_wrapper(struct super_block *sb);
* time helpers: convert between 1904-base and 1970-base timestamps
* HFS+ implementations are highly inconsistent, this one matches the
* traditional behavior of 64-bit Linux, giving the most useful
* time range between 1970 and 2106, by treating any on-disk timestamp
* under HFSPLUS_UTC_OFFSET (Jan 1 1970) as a time between 2040 and 2106.
#define HFSPLUS_UTC_OFFSET 2082844800U
static inline time64_t __hfsp_mt2ut(__be32 mt)
time64_t ut = (u32)(be32_to_cpu(mt) - HFSPLUS_UTC_OFFSET);
return ut;
static inline __be32 __hfsp_ut2mt(time64_t ut)
return cpu_to_be32(lower_32_bits(ut) + HFSPLUS_UTC_OFFSET);
/* compatibility */
#define hfsp_mt2ut(t) (struct timespec64){ .tv_sec = __hfsp_mt2ut(t) }
#define hfsp_ut2mt(t) __hfsp_ut2mt((t).tv_sec)
#define hfsp_now2mt() __hfsp_ut2mt(ktime_get_real_seconds())