ARM: 8985/1: efi/decompressor: deal with HYP mode boot gracefully

EFI on ARM only supports short descriptors, and given that it mandates
that the MMU and caches are on, it is implied that booting in HYP mode
is not supported.

However, implementations of EFI exist (i.e., U-Boot) that ignore this
requirement, which is not entirely unreasonable, given that it makes
HYP mode inaccessible to the operating system.

So let's make sure that we can deal with this condition gracefully.
We already tolerate booting the EFI stub with the caches off (even
though this violates the EFI spec as well), and so we should deal
with HYP mode boot with MMU and caches either on or off.

- When the MMU and caches are on, we can ignore the HYP stub altogether,
  since we can carry on executing at HYP. We do need to ensure that we
  disable the MMU at HYP before entering the kernel proper.

- When the MMU and caches are off, we have to drop to SVC mode so that
  we can set up the page tables using short descriptors. In this case,
  we need to install the HYP stub as usual, so that we can return to HYP
  mode before handing over to the kernel proper.

Tested-by: Heinrich Schuchardt <>
Signed-off-by: Ard Biesheuvel <>
Signed-off-by: Russell King <>
1 file changed