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* Linux INET6 implementation
* Authors:
* Pedro Roque <>
* $Id: ipv6.h,v 1.1 2002/05/20 15:13:07 jgrimm Exp $
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
* 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
#ifndef _NET_IPV6_H
#define _NET_IPV6_H
#include <linux/ipv6.h>
#include <linux/hardirq.h>
#include <net/ndisc.h>
#include <net/flow.h>
#include <net/snmp.h>
#define SIN6_LEN_RFC2133 24
#define IPV6_MAXPLEN 65535
* NextHeader field of IPv6 header
#define NEXTHDR_HOP 0 /* Hop-by-hop option header. */
#define NEXTHDR_TCP 6 /* TCP segment. */
#define NEXTHDR_UDP 17 /* UDP message. */
#define NEXTHDR_IPV6 41 /* IPv6 in IPv6 */
#define NEXTHDR_ROUTING 43 /* Routing header. */
#define NEXTHDR_FRAGMENT 44 /* Fragmentation/reassembly header. */
#define NEXTHDR_ESP 50 /* Encapsulating security payload. */
#define NEXTHDR_AUTH 51 /* Authentication header. */
#define NEXTHDR_ICMP 58 /* ICMP for IPv6. */
#define NEXTHDR_NONE 59 /* No next header */
#define NEXTHDR_DEST 60 /* Destination options header. */
#define NEXTHDR_MOBILITY 135 /* Mobility header. */
#define NEXTHDR_MAX 255
* Addr type
* type - unicast | multicast
* scope - local | site | global
* v4 - compat
* v4mapped
* any
* loopback
#define IPV6_ADDR_ANY 0x0000U
#define IPV6_ADDR_UNICAST 0x0001U
#define IPV6_ADDR_MULTICAST 0x0002U
#define IPV6_ADDR_LOOPBACK 0x0010U
#define IPV6_ADDR_LINKLOCAL 0x0020U
#define IPV6_ADDR_SITELOCAL 0x0040U
#define IPV6_ADDR_COMPATv4 0x0080U
#define IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_MASK 0x00f0U
#define IPV6_ADDR_MAPPED 0x1000U
#define IPV6_ADDR_RESERVED 0x2000U /* reserved address space */
* Addr scopes
#ifdef __KERNEL__
#define IPV6_ADDR_MC_SCOPE(a) \
((a)->s6_addr[1] & 0x0f) /* nonstandard */
* fragmentation header
struct frag_hdr {
unsigned char nexthdr;
unsigned char reserved;
unsigned short frag_off;
__u32 identification;
#define IP6_MF 0x0001
#ifdef __KERNEL__
#include <net/sock.h>
/* sysctls */
extern int sysctl_ipv6_bindv6only;
extern int sysctl_mld_max_msf;
/* MIBs */
DECLARE_SNMP_STAT(struct ipstats_mib, ipv6_statistics);
#define IP6_INC_STATS(field) SNMP_INC_STATS(ipv6_statistics, field)
#define IP6_INC_STATS_BH(field) SNMP_INC_STATS_BH(ipv6_statistics, field)
#define IP6_INC_STATS_USER(field) SNMP_INC_STATS_USER(ipv6_statistics, field)
DECLARE_SNMP_STAT(struct icmpv6_mib, icmpv6_statistics);
#define ICMP6_INC_STATS(idev, field) ({ \
struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \
if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \
SNMP_INC_STATS(idev->stats.icmpv6, field); \
SNMP_INC_STATS(icmpv6_statistics, field); \
#define ICMP6_INC_STATS_BH(idev, field) ({ \
struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \
if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \
SNMP_INC_STATS_BH((_idev)->stats.icmpv6, field); \
SNMP_INC_STATS_BH(icmpv6_statistics, field); \
#define ICMP6_INC_STATS_USER(idev, field) ({ \
struct inet6_dev *_idev = (idev); \
if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \
SNMP_INC_STATS_USER(_idev->stats.icmpv6, field); \
SNMP_INC_STATS_USER(icmpv6_statistics, field); \
#define ICMP6_INC_STATS_OFFSET_BH(idev, field, offset) ({ \
struct inet6_dev *_idev = idev; \
__typeof__(offset) _offset = (offset); \
if (likely(_idev != NULL)) \
SNMP_INC_STATS_OFFSET_BH(_idev->stats.icmpv6, field, _offset); \
SNMP_INC_STATS_OFFSET_BH(icmpv6_statistics, field, _offset); \
DECLARE_SNMP_STAT(struct udp_mib, udp_stats_in6);
#define UDP6_INC_STATS(field) SNMP_INC_STATS(udp_stats_in6, field)
#define UDP6_INC_STATS_BH(field) SNMP_INC_STATS_BH(udp_stats_in6, field)
#define UDP6_INC_STATS_USER(field) SNMP_INC_STATS_USER(udp_stats_in6, field)
int snmp6_register_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev);
int snmp6_unregister_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev);
int snmp6_alloc_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev);
int snmp6_free_dev(struct inet6_dev *idev);
int snmp6_mib_init(void *ptr[2], size_t mibsize, size_t mibalign);
void snmp6_mib_free(void *ptr[2]);
struct ip6_ra_chain
struct ip6_ra_chain *next;
struct sock *sk;
int sel;
void (*destructor)(struct sock *);
extern struct ip6_ra_chain *ip6_ra_chain;
extern rwlock_t ip6_ra_lock;
This structure is prepared by protocol, when parsing
ancillary data and passed to IPv6.
struct ipv6_txoptions
/* Length of this structure */
int tot_len;
/* length of extension headers */
__u16 opt_flen; /* after fragment hdr */
__u16 opt_nflen; /* before fragment hdr */
struct ipv6_opt_hdr *hopopt;
struct ipv6_opt_hdr *dst0opt;
struct ipv6_rt_hdr *srcrt; /* Routing Header */
struct ipv6_opt_hdr *dst1opt;
/* Option buffer, as read by IPV6_PKTOPTIONS, starts here. */
struct ip6_flowlabel
struct ip6_flowlabel *next;
u32 label;
struct in6_addr dst;
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt;
atomic_t users;
unsigned long linger;
u8 share;
u32 owner;
unsigned long lastuse;
unsigned long expires;
#define IPV6_FLOWINFO_MASK __constant_htonl(0x0FFFFFFF)
#define IPV6_FLOWLABEL_MASK __constant_htonl(0x000FFFFF)
struct ipv6_fl_socklist
struct ipv6_fl_socklist *next;
struct ip6_flowlabel *fl;
extern struct ip6_flowlabel *fl6_sock_lookup(struct sock *sk, u32 label);
extern struct ipv6_txoptions *fl6_merge_options(struct ipv6_txoptions * opt_space,
struct ip6_flowlabel * fl,
struct ipv6_txoptions * fopt);
extern void fl6_free_socklist(struct sock *sk);
extern int ipv6_flowlabel_opt(struct sock *sk, char __user *optval, int optlen);
extern void ip6_flowlabel_init(void);
extern void ip6_flowlabel_cleanup(void);
static inline void fl6_sock_release(struct ip6_flowlabel *fl)
if (fl)
extern int ip6_ra_control(struct sock *sk, int sel,
void (*destructor)(struct sock *));
extern int ipv6_parse_hopopts(struct sk_buff **skbp);
extern struct ipv6_txoptions * ipv6_dup_options(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt);
extern struct ipv6_txoptions * ipv6_renew_options(struct sock *sk, struct ipv6_txoptions *opt,
int newtype,
struct ipv6_opt_hdr __user *newopt,
int newoptlen);
struct ipv6_txoptions *ipv6_fixup_options(struct ipv6_txoptions *opt_space,
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt);
extern int ipv6_opt_accepted(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb);
extern int ip6_frag_nqueues;
extern atomic_t ip6_frag_mem;
#define IPV6_FRAG_TIMEOUT (60*HZ) /* 60 seconds */
* Function prototype for build_xmit
typedef int (*inet_getfrag_t) (const void *data,
struct in6_addr *addr,
char *,
unsigned int, unsigned int);
extern int __ipv6_addr_type(const struct in6_addr *addr);
static inline int ipv6_addr_type(const struct in6_addr *addr)
return __ipv6_addr_type(addr) & 0xffff;
static inline int ipv6_addr_scope(const struct in6_addr *addr)
return __ipv6_addr_type(addr) & IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_MASK;
static inline int __ipv6_addr_src_scope(int type)
return (type == IPV6_ADDR_ANY ? __IPV6_ADDR_SCOPE_INVALID : (type >> 16));
static inline int ipv6_addr_src_scope(const struct in6_addr *addr)
return __ipv6_addr_src_scope(__ipv6_addr_type(addr));
static inline int ipv6_addr_cmp(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2)
return memcmp((const void *) a1, (const void *) a2, sizeof(struct in6_addr));
static inline int
ipv6_masked_addr_cmp(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *m,
const struct in6_addr *a2)
unsigned int i;
for (i = 0; i < 4; i++)
if ((a1->s6_addr32[i] ^ a2->s6_addr32[i]) & m->s6_addr32[i])
return 1;
return 0;
static inline void ipv6_addr_copy(struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2)
memcpy((void *) a1, (const void *) a2, sizeof(struct in6_addr));
static inline void ipv6_addr_prefix(struct in6_addr *pfx,
const struct in6_addr *addr,
int plen)
/* caller must guarantee 0 <= plen <= 128 */
int o = plen >> 3,
b = plen & 0x7;
memcpy(pfx->s6_addr, addr, o);
if (b != 0) {
pfx->s6_addr[o] = addr->s6_addr[o] & (0xff00 >> b);
if (o < 16)
memset(pfx->s6_addr + o, 0, 16 - o);
static inline void ipv6_addr_set(struct in6_addr *addr,
__be32 w1, __be32 w2,
__be32 w3, __be32 w4)
addr->s6_addr32[0] = w1;
addr->s6_addr32[1] = w2;
addr->s6_addr32[2] = w3;
addr->s6_addr32[3] = w4;
static inline int ipv6_addr_equal(const struct in6_addr *a1,
const struct in6_addr *a2)
return (a1->s6_addr32[0] == a2->s6_addr32[0] &&
a1->s6_addr32[1] == a2->s6_addr32[1] &&
a1->s6_addr32[2] == a2->s6_addr32[2] &&
a1->s6_addr32[3] == a2->s6_addr32[3]);
static inline int __ipv6_prefix_equal(const __be32 *a1, const __be32 *a2,
unsigned int prefixlen)
unsigned pdw, pbi;
/* check complete u32 in prefix */
pdw = prefixlen >> 5;
if (pdw && memcmp(a1, a2, pdw << 2))
return 0;
/* check incomplete u32 in prefix */
pbi = prefixlen & 0x1f;
if (pbi && ((a1[pdw] ^ a2[pdw]) & htonl((0xffffffff) << (32 - pbi))))
return 0;
return 1;
static inline int ipv6_prefix_equal(const struct in6_addr *a1,
const struct in6_addr *a2,
unsigned int prefixlen)
return __ipv6_prefix_equal(a1->s6_addr32, a2->s6_addr32,
static inline int ipv6_addr_any(const struct in6_addr *a)
return ((a->s6_addr32[0] | a->s6_addr32[1] |
a->s6_addr32[2] | a->s6_addr32[3] ) == 0);
* find the first different bit between two addresses
* length of address must be a multiple of 32bits
static inline int __ipv6_addr_diff(const void *token1, const void *token2, int addrlen)
const __u32 *a1 = token1, *a2 = token2;
int i;
addrlen >>= 2;
for (i = 0; i < addrlen; i++) {
__u32 xb = a1[i] ^ a2[i];
if (xb) {
int j = 31;
xb = ntohl(xb);
while ((xb & (1 << j)) == 0)
return (i * 32 + 31 - j);
* we should *never* get to this point since that
* would mean the addrs are equal
* However, we do get to it 8) And exacly, when
* addresses are equal 8)
* ip route add 1111::/128 via ...
* ip route add 1111::/64 via ...
* and we are here.
* Ideally, this function should stop comparison
* at prefix length. It does not, but it is still OK,
* if returned value is greater than prefix length.
* --ANK (980803)
return (addrlen << 5);
static inline int ipv6_addr_diff(const struct in6_addr *a1, const struct in6_addr *a2)
return __ipv6_addr_diff(a1, a2, sizeof(struct in6_addr));
* Prototypes exported by ipv6
* rcv function (called from netdevice level)
extern int ipv6_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb,
struct net_device *dev,
struct packet_type *pt,
struct net_device *orig_dev);
extern int ip6_rcv_finish(struct sk_buff *skb);
* upper-layer output functions
extern int ip6_xmit(struct sock *sk,
struct sk_buff *skb,
struct flowi *fl,
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt,
int ipfragok);
extern int ip6_nd_hdr(struct sock *sk,
struct sk_buff *skb,
struct net_device *dev,
struct in6_addr *saddr,
struct in6_addr *daddr,
int proto, int len);
extern int ip6_find_1stfragopt(struct sk_buff *skb, u8 **nexthdr);
extern int ip6_append_data(struct sock *sk,
int getfrag(void *from, char *to, int offset, int len, int odd, struct sk_buff *skb),
void *from,
int length,
int transhdrlen,
int hlimit,
int tclass,
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt,
struct flowi *fl,
struct rt6_info *rt,
unsigned int flags);
extern int ip6_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk);
extern void ip6_flush_pending_frames(struct sock *sk);
extern int ip6_dst_lookup(struct sock *sk,
struct dst_entry **dst,
struct flowi *fl);
extern int ip6_sk_dst_lookup(struct sock *sk,
struct dst_entry **dst,
struct flowi *fl);
* skb processing functions
extern int ip6_output(struct sk_buff *skb);
extern int ip6_forward(struct sk_buff *skb);
extern int ip6_input(struct sk_buff *skb);
extern int ip6_mc_input(struct sk_buff *skb);
* Extension header (options) processing
extern u8 * ipv6_build_nfrag_opts(struct sk_buff *skb,
u8 *prev_hdr,
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt,
struct in6_addr *daddr,
u32 jumbolen);
extern u8 * ipv6_build_frag_opts(struct sk_buff *skb,
u8 *prev_hdr,
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt);
extern void ipv6_push_nfrag_opts(struct sk_buff *skb,
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt,
u8 *proto,
struct in6_addr **daddr_p);
extern void ipv6_push_frag_opts(struct sk_buff *skb,
struct ipv6_txoptions *opt,
u8 *proto);
extern int ipv6_skip_exthdr(const struct sk_buff *, int start,
u8 *nexthdrp);
extern int ipv6_ext_hdr(u8 nexthdr);
extern int ipv6_find_tlv(struct sk_buff *skb, int offset, int type);
extern struct ipv6_txoptions * ipv6_invert_rthdr(struct sock *sk,
struct ipv6_rt_hdr *hdr);
* socket options (ipv6_sockglue.c)
extern int ipv6_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level,
int optname,
char __user *optval,
int optlen);
extern int ipv6_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level,
int optname,
char __user *optval,
int __user *optlen);
extern int compat_ipv6_setsockopt(struct sock *sk,
int level,
int optname,
char __user *optval,
int optlen);
extern int compat_ipv6_getsockopt(struct sock *sk,
int level,
int optname,
char __user *optval,
int __user *optlen);
extern void ipv6_packet_init(void);
extern void ipv6_packet_cleanup(void);
extern int ip6_datagram_connect(struct sock *sk,
struct sockaddr *addr, int addr_len);
extern int ipv6_recv_error(struct sock *sk, struct msghdr *msg, int len);
extern void ipv6_icmp_error(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb, int err, u16 port,
u32 info, u8 *payload);
extern void ipv6_local_error(struct sock *sk, int err, struct flowi *fl, u32 info);
extern int inet6_release(struct socket *sock);
extern int inet6_bind(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr,
int addr_len);
extern int inet6_getname(struct socket *sock, struct sockaddr *uaddr,
int *uaddr_len, int peer);
extern int inet6_ioctl(struct socket *sock, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg);
extern int inet6_hash_connect(struct inet_timewait_death_row *death_row,
struct sock *sk);
* reassembly.c
extern int sysctl_ip6frag_high_thresh;
extern int sysctl_ip6frag_low_thresh;
extern int sysctl_ip6frag_time;
extern int sysctl_ip6frag_secret_interval;
extern const struct proto_ops inet6_stream_ops;
extern const struct proto_ops inet6_dgram_ops;
struct group_source_req;
struct group_filter;
extern int ip6_mc_source(int add, int omode, struct sock *sk,
struct group_source_req *pgsr);
extern int ip6_mc_msfilter(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf);
extern int ip6_mc_msfget(struct sock *sk, struct group_filter *gsf,
struct group_filter __user *optval,
int __user *optlen);
extern int ac6_proc_init(void);
extern void ac6_proc_exit(void);
extern int raw6_proc_init(void);
extern void raw6_proc_exit(void);
extern int tcp6_proc_init(void);
extern void tcp6_proc_exit(void);
extern int udp6_proc_init(void);
extern void udp6_proc_exit(void);
extern int ipv6_misc_proc_init(void);
extern void ipv6_misc_proc_exit(void);
extern struct rt6_statistics rt6_stats;
extern ctl_table ipv6_route_table[];
extern ctl_table ipv6_icmp_table[];
extern void ipv6_sysctl_register(void);
extern void ipv6_sysctl_unregister(void);
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _NET_IPV6_H */