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* INET An implementation of the TCP/IP protocol suite for the LINUX
* operating system. INET is implemented using the BSD Socket
* interface as the means of communication with the user level.
* Definitions for the TCP module.
* Version: @(#)tcp.h 1.0.5 05/23/93
* Authors: Ross Biro
* Fred N. van Kempen, <waltje@uWalt.NL.Mugnet.ORG>
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
* 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
#ifndef _TCP_H
#define _TCP_H
#define TCP_DEBUG 1
#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/tcp.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <net/inet_connection_sock.h>
#include <net/inet_timewait_sock.h>
#include <net/inet_hashtables.h>
#include <net/checksum.h>
#include <net/request_sock.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/snmp.h>
#include <net/ip.h>
#include <net/tcp_states.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
extern struct inet_hashinfo tcp_hashinfo;
extern atomic_t tcp_orphan_count;
extern void tcp_time_wait(struct sock *sk, int state, int timeo);
* Never offer a window over 32767 without using window scaling. Some
* poor stacks do signed 16bit maths!
#define MAX_TCP_WINDOW 32767U
/* Minimal accepted MSS. It is (60+60+8) - (20+20). */
#define TCP_MIN_MSS 88U
/* Minimal RCV_MSS. */
#define TCP_MIN_RCVMSS 536U
/* After receiving this amount of duplicate ACKs fast retransmit starts. */
/* Maximal reordering. */
/* Maximal number of ACKs sent quickly to accelerate slow-start. */
/* urg_data states */
#define TCP_URG_VALID 0x0100
#define TCP_URG_NOTYET 0x0200
#define TCP_URG_READ 0x0400
#define TCP_RETR1 3 /*
* This is how many retries it does before it
* tries to figure out if the gateway is
* down. Minimal RFC value is 3; it corresponds
* to ~3sec-8min depending on RTO.
#define TCP_RETR2 15 /*
* This should take at least
* 90 minutes to time out.
* RFC1122 says that the limit is 100 sec.
* 15 is ~13-30min depending on RTO.
#define TCP_SYN_RETRIES 5 /* number of times to retry active opening a
* connection: ~180sec is RFC minumum */
#define TCP_SYNACK_RETRIES 5 /* number of times to retry passive opening a
* connection: ~180sec is RFC minumum */
#define TCP_ORPHAN_RETRIES 7 /* number of times to retry on an orphaned
* socket. 7 is ~50sec-16min.
#define TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN (60*HZ) /* how long to wait to destroy TIME-WAIT
* state, about 60 seconds */
/* BSD style FIN_WAIT2 deadlock breaker.
* It used to be 3min, new value is 60sec,
* to combine FIN-WAIT-2 timeout with
* TIME-WAIT timer.
#define TCP_DELACK_MAX ((unsigned)(HZ/5)) /* maximal time to delay before sending an ACK */
#if HZ >= 100
#define TCP_DELACK_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/25)) /* minimal time to delay before sending an ACK */
#define TCP_ATO_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/25))
#define TCP_ATO_MIN 4U
#define TCP_RTO_MAX ((unsigned)(120*HZ))
#define TCP_RTO_MIN ((unsigned)(HZ/5))
#define TCP_TIMEOUT_INIT ((unsigned)(3*HZ)) /* RFC 1122 initial RTO value */
#define TCP_RESOURCE_PROBE_INTERVAL ((unsigned)(HZ/2U)) /* Maximal interval between probes
* for local resources.
#define TCP_KEEPALIVE_TIME (120*60*HZ) /* two hours */
#define TCP_KEEPALIVE_PROBES 9 /* Max of 9 keepalive probes */
#define MAX_TCP_KEEPIDLE 32767
#define MAX_TCP_KEEPINTVL 32767
#define MAX_TCP_KEEPCNT 127
#define MAX_TCP_SYNCNT 127
#define TCP_SYNQ_INTERVAL (HZ/5) /* Period of SYNACK timer */
#define TCP_SYNQ_HSIZE 512 /* Size of SYNACK hash table */
#define TCP_PAWS_24DAYS (60 * 60 * 24 * 24)
#define TCP_PAWS_MSL 60 /* Per-host timestamps are invalidated
* after this time. It should be equal
* (or greater than) TCP_TIMEWAIT_LEN
* to provide reliability equal to one
* provided by timewait state.
#define TCP_PAWS_WINDOW 1 /* Replay window for per-host
* timestamps. It must be less than
* minimal timewait lifetime.
* TCP option
#define TCPOPT_NOP 1 /* Padding */
#define TCPOPT_EOL 0 /* End of options */
#define TCPOPT_MSS 2 /* Segment size negotiating */
#define TCPOPT_WINDOW 3 /* Window scaling */
#define TCPOPT_SACK_PERM 4 /* SACK Permitted */
#define TCPOPT_SACK 5 /* SACK Block */
#define TCPOPT_TIMESTAMP 8 /* Better RTT estimations/PAWS */
* TCP option lengths
#define TCPOLEN_MSS 4
/* But this is what stacks really send out. */
/* Flags in tp->nonagle */
#define TCP_NAGLE_OFF 1 /* Nagle's algo is disabled */
#define TCP_NAGLE_CORK 2 /* Socket is corked */
#define TCP_NAGLE_PUSH 4 /* Cork is overriden for already queued data */
extern struct inet_timewait_death_row tcp_death_row;
/* sysctl variables for tcp */
extern int sysctl_tcp_timestamps;
extern int sysctl_tcp_window_scaling;
extern int sysctl_tcp_sack;
extern int sysctl_tcp_fin_timeout;
extern int sysctl_tcp_keepalive_time;
extern int sysctl_tcp_keepalive_probes;
extern int sysctl_tcp_keepalive_intvl;
extern int sysctl_tcp_syn_retries;
extern int sysctl_tcp_synack_retries;
extern int sysctl_tcp_retries1;
extern int sysctl_tcp_retries2;
extern int sysctl_tcp_orphan_retries;
extern int sysctl_tcp_syncookies;
extern int sysctl_tcp_retrans_collapse;
extern int sysctl_tcp_stdurg;
extern int sysctl_tcp_rfc1337;
extern int sysctl_tcp_abort_on_overflow;
extern int sysctl_tcp_max_orphans;
extern int sysctl_tcp_fack;
extern int sysctl_tcp_reordering;
extern int sysctl_tcp_ecn;
extern int sysctl_tcp_dsack;
extern int sysctl_tcp_mem[3];
extern int sysctl_tcp_wmem[3];
extern int sysctl_tcp_rmem[3];
extern int sysctl_tcp_app_win;
extern int sysctl_tcp_adv_win_scale;
extern int sysctl_tcp_tw_reuse;
extern int sysctl_tcp_frto;
extern int sysctl_tcp_low_latency;
extern int sysctl_tcp_nometrics_save;
extern int sysctl_tcp_moderate_rcvbuf;
extern int sysctl_tcp_tso_win_divisor;
extern atomic_t tcp_memory_allocated;
extern atomic_t tcp_sockets_allocated;
extern int tcp_memory_pressure;
* Pointers to address related TCP functions
* (i.e. things that depend on the address family)
struct tcp_func {
int (*queue_xmit) (struct sk_buff *skb,
int ipfragok);
void (*send_check) (struct sock *sk,
struct tcphdr *th,
int len,
struct sk_buff *skb);
int (*rebuild_header) (struct sock *sk);
int (*conn_request) (struct sock *sk,
struct sk_buff *skb);
struct sock * (*syn_recv_sock) (struct sock *sk,
struct sk_buff *skb,
struct request_sock *req,
struct dst_entry *dst);
int (*remember_stamp) (struct sock *sk);
__u16 net_header_len;
int (*setsockopt) (struct sock *sk,
int level,
int optname,
char __user *optval,
int optlen);
int (*getsockopt) (struct sock *sk,
int level,
int optname,
char __user *optval,
int __user *optlen);
void (*addr2sockaddr) (struct sock *sk,
struct sockaddr *);
int sockaddr_len;
* The next routines deal with comparing 32 bit unsigned ints
* and worry about wraparound (automatic with unsigned arithmetic).
static inline int before(__u32 seq1, __u32 seq2)
return (__s32)(seq1-seq2) < 0;
static inline int after(__u32 seq1, __u32 seq2)
return (__s32)(seq2-seq1) < 0;
/* is s2<=s1<=s3 ? */
static inline int between(__u32 seq1, __u32 seq2, __u32 seq3)
return seq3 - seq2 >= seq1 - seq2;
extern struct proto tcp_prot;
DECLARE_SNMP_STAT(struct tcp_mib, tcp_statistics);
#define TCP_INC_STATS(field) SNMP_INC_STATS(tcp_statistics, field)
#define TCP_INC_STATS_BH(field) SNMP_INC_STATS_BH(tcp_statistics, field)
#define TCP_INC_STATS_USER(field) SNMP_INC_STATS_USER(tcp_statistics, field)
#define TCP_DEC_STATS(field) SNMP_DEC_STATS(tcp_statistics, field)
#define TCP_ADD_STATS_BH(field, val) SNMP_ADD_STATS_BH(tcp_statistics, field, val)
#define TCP_ADD_STATS_USER(field, val) SNMP_ADD_STATS_USER(tcp_statistics, field, val)
extern void tcp_v4_err(struct sk_buff *skb, u32);
extern void tcp_shutdown (struct sock *sk, int how);
extern int tcp_v4_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb);
extern int tcp_v4_remember_stamp(struct sock *sk);
extern int tcp_v4_tw_remember_stamp(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw);
extern int tcp_sendmsg(struct kiocb *iocb, struct sock *sk,
struct msghdr *msg, size_t size);
extern ssize_t tcp_sendpage(struct socket *sock, struct page *page, int offset, size_t size, int flags);
extern int tcp_ioctl(struct sock *sk,
int cmd,
unsigned long arg);
extern int tcp_rcv_state_process(struct sock *sk,
struct sk_buff *skb,
struct tcphdr *th,
unsigned len);
extern int tcp_rcv_established(struct sock *sk,
struct sk_buff *skb,
struct tcphdr *th,
unsigned len);
extern void tcp_rcv_space_adjust(struct sock *sk);
static inline void tcp_dec_quickack_mode(struct sock *sk,
const unsigned int pkts)
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
if (icsk->icsk_ack.quick) {
if (pkts >= icsk->icsk_ack.quick) {
icsk->icsk_ack.quick = 0;
/* Leaving quickack mode we deflate ATO. */
icsk->icsk_ack.ato = TCP_ATO_MIN;
} else
icsk->icsk_ack.quick -= pkts;
extern void tcp_enter_quickack_mode(struct sock *sk);
static inline void tcp_clear_options(struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt)
rx_opt->tstamp_ok = rx_opt->sack_ok = rx_opt->wscale_ok = rx_opt->snd_wscale = 0;
enum tcp_tw_status
extern enum tcp_tw_status tcp_timewait_state_process(struct inet_timewait_sock *tw,
struct sk_buff *skb,
const struct tcphdr *th);
extern struct sock * tcp_check_req(struct sock *sk,struct sk_buff *skb,
struct request_sock *req,
struct request_sock **prev);
extern int tcp_child_process(struct sock *parent,
struct sock *child,
struct sk_buff *skb);
extern void tcp_enter_frto(struct sock *sk);
extern void tcp_enter_loss(struct sock *sk, int how);
extern void tcp_clear_retrans(struct tcp_sock *tp);
extern void tcp_update_metrics(struct sock *sk);
extern void tcp_close(struct sock *sk,
long timeout);
extern unsigned int tcp_poll(struct file * file, struct socket *sock, struct poll_table_struct *wait);
extern int tcp_getsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level,
int optname,
char __user *optval,
int __user *optlen);
extern int tcp_setsockopt(struct sock *sk, int level,
int optname, char __user *optval,
int optlen);
extern void tcp_set_keepalive(struct sock *sk, int val);
extern int tcp_recvmsg(struct kiocb *iocb, struct sock *sk,
struct msghdr *msg,
size_t len, int nonblock,
int flags, int *addr_len);
extern void tcp_parse_options(struct sk_buff *skb,
struct tcp_options_received *opt_rx,
int estab);
* TCP v4 functions exported for the inet6 API
extern void tcp_v4_send_check(struct sock *sk,
struct tcphdr *th, int len,
struct sk_buff *skb);
extern int tcp_v4_conn_request(struct sock *sk,
struct sk_buff *skb);
extern struct sock * tcp_create_openreq_child(struct sock *sk,
struct request_sock *req,
struct sk_buff *skb);
extern struct sock * tcp_v4_syn_recv_sock(struct sock *sk,
struct sk_buff *skb,
struct request_sock *req,
struct dst_entry *dst);
extern int tcp_v4_do_rcv(struct sock *sk,
struct sk_buff *skb);
extern int tcp_v4_connect(struct sock *sk,
struct sockaddr *uaddr,
int addr_len);
extern int tcp_connect(struct sock *sk);
extern struct sk_buff * tcp_make_synack(struct sock *sk,
struct dst_entry *dst,
struct request_sock *req);
extern int tcp_disconnect(struct sock *sk, int flags);
extern void tcp_unhash(struct sock *sk);
extern int tcp_v4_hash_connecting(struct sock *sk);
/* From syncookies.c */
extern struct sock *cookie_v4_check(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
struct ip_options *opt);
extern __u32 cookie_v4_init_sequence(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb,
__u16 *mss);
/* tcp_output.c */
extern void __tcp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk, struct tcp_sock *tp,
unsigned int cur_mss, int nonagle);
extern int tcp_may_send_now(struct sock *sk, struct tcp_sock *tp);
extern int tcp_retransmit_skb(struct sock *, struct sk_buff *);
extern void tcp_xmit_retransmit_queue(struct sock *);
extern void tcp_simple_retransmit(struct sock *);
extern int tcp_trim_head(struct sock *, struct sk_buff *, u32);
extern int tcp_fragment(struct sock *, struct sk_buff *, u32, unsigned int);
extern void tcp_send_probe0(struct sock *);
extern void tcp_send_partial(struct sock *);
extern int tcp_write_wakeup(struct sock *);
extern void tcp_send_fin(struct sock *sk);
extern void tcp_send_active_reset(struct sock *sk, gfp_t priority);
extern int tcp_send_synack(struct sock *);
extern void tcp_push_one(struct sock *, unsigned int mss_now);
extern void tcp_send_ack(struct sock *sk);
extern void tcp_send_delayed_ack(struct sock *sk);
/* tcp_input.c */
extern void tcp_cwnd_application_limited(struct sock *sk);
/* tcp_timer.c */
extern void tcp_init_xmit_timers(struct sock *);
static inline void tcp_clear_xmit_timers(struct sock *sk)
extern unsigned int tcp_sync_mss(struct sock *sk, u32 pmtu);
extern unsigned int tcp_current_mss(struct sock *sk, int large);
/* tcp.c */
extern void tcp_get_info(struct sock *, struct tcp_info *);
/* Read 'sendfile()'-style from a TCP socket */
typedef int (*sk_read_actor_t)(read_descriptor_t *, struct sk_buff *,
unsigned int, size_t);
extern int tcp_read_sock(struct sock *sk, read_descriptor_t *desc,
sk_read_actor_t recv_actor);
/* Initialize RCV_MSS value.
* RCV_MSS is an our guess about MSS used by the peer.
* We haven't any direct information about the MSS.
* It's better to underestimate the RCV_MSS rather than overestimate.
* Overestimations make us ACKing less frequently than needed.
* Underestimations are more easy to detect and fix by tcp_measure_rcv_mss().
static inline void tcp_initialize_rcv_mss(struct sock *sk)
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
unsigned int hint = min_t(unsigned int, tp->advmss, tp->mss_cache);
hint = min(hint, tp->rcv_wnd/2);
hint = min(hint, TCP_MIN_RCVMSS);
hint = max(hint, TCP_MIN_MSS);
inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ack.rcv_mss = hint;
static __inline__ void __tcp_fast_path_on(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 snd_wnd)
tp->pred_flags = htonl((tp->tcp_header_len << 26) |
ntohl(TCP_FLAG_ACK) |
static __inline__ void tcp_fast_path_on(struct tcp_sock *tp)
__tcp_fast_path_on(tp, tp->snd_wnd >> tp->rx_opt.snd_wscale);
static inline void tcp_fast_path_check(struct sock *sk, struct tcp_sock *tp)
if (skb_queue_empty(&tp->out_of_order_queue) &&
tp->rcv_wnd &&
atomic_read(&sk->sk_rmem_alloc) < sk->sk_rcvbuf &&
/* Compute the actual receive window we are currently advertising.
* Rcv_nxt can be after the window if our peer push more data
* than the offered window.
static __inline__ u32 tcp_receive_window(const struct tcp_sock *tp)
s32 win = tp->rcv_wup + tp->rcv_wnd - tp->rcv_nxt;
if (win < 0)
win = 0;
return (u32) win;
/* Choose a new window, without checks for shrinking, and without
* scaling applied to the result. The caller does these things
* if necessary. This is a "raw" window selection.
extern u32 __tcp_select_window(struct sock *sk);
/* TCP timestamps are only 32-bits, this causes a slight
* complication on 64-bit systems since we store a snapshot
* of jiffies in the buffer control blocks below. We decidely
* only use of the low 32-bits of jiffies and hide the ugly
* casts with the following macro.
#define tcp_time_stamp ((__u32)(jiffies))
/* This is what the send packet queueing engine uses to pass
* TCP per-packet control information to the transmission
* code. We also store the host-order sequence numbers in
* here too. This is 36 bytes on 32-bit architectures,
* 40 bytes on 64-bit machines, if this grows please adjust
* skbuff.h:skbuff->cb[xxx] size appropriately.
struct tcp_skb_cb {
union {
struct inet_skb_parm h4;
#if defined(CONFIG_IPV6) || defined (CONFIG_IPV6_MODULE)
struct inet6_skb_parm h6;
} header; /* For incoming frames */
__u32 seq; /* Starting sequence number */
__u32 end_seq; /* SEQ + FIN + SYN + datalen */
__u32 when; /* used to compute rtt's */
__u8 flags; /* TCP header flags. */
/* NOTE: These must match up to the flags byte in a
* real TCP header.
#define TCPCB_FLAG_FIN 0x01
#define TCPCB_FLAG_SYN 0x02
#define TCPCB_FLAG_RST 0x04
#define TCPCB_FLAG_PSH 0x08
#define TCPCB_FLAG_ACK 0x10
#define TCPCB_FLAG_URG 0x20
#define TCPCB_FLAG_ECE 0x40
#define TCPCB_FLAG_CWR 0x80
__u8 sacked; /* State flags for SACK/FACK. */
#define TCPCB_SACKED_ACKED 0x01 /* SKB ACK'd by a SACK block */
#define TCPCB_SACKED_RETRANS 0x02 /* SKB retransmitted */
#define TCPCB_LOST 0x04 /* SKB is lost */
#define TCPCB_TAGBITS 0x07 /* All tag bits */
#define TCPCB_EVER_RETRANS 0x80 /* Ever retransmitted frame */
#define TCPCB_URG 0x20 /* Urgent pointer advenced here */
__u16 urg_ptr; /* Valid w/URG flags is set. */
__u32 ack_seq; /* Sequence number ACK'd */
#define TCP_SKB_CB(__skb) ((struct tcp_skb_cb *)&((__skb)->cb[0]))
#include <net/tcp_ecn.h>
/* Due to TSO, an SKB can be composed of multiple actual
* packets. To keep these tracked properly, we use this.
static inline int tcp_skb_pcount(const struct sk_buff *skb)
return skb_shinfo(skb)->tso_segs;
/* This is valid iff tcp_skb_pcount() > 1. */
static inline int tcp_skb_mss(const struct sk_buff *skb)
return skb_shinfo(skb)->tso_size;
static inline void tcp_dec_pcount_approx(__u32 *count,
const struct sk_buff *skb)
if (*count) {
*count -= tcp_skb_pcount(skb);
if ((int)*count < 0)
*count = 0;
static inline void tcp_packets_out_inc(struct sock *sk,
struct tcp_sock *tp,
const struct sk_buff *skb)
int orig = tp->packets_out;
tp->packets_out += tcp_skb_pcount(skb);
if (!orig)
inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_RETRANS,
inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto, TCP_RTO_MAX);
static inline void tcp_packets_out_dec(struct tcp_sock *tp,
const struct sk_buff *skb)
tp->packets_out -= tcp_skb_pcount(skb);
/* Events passed to congestion control interface */
enum tcp_ca_event {
CA_EVENT_TX_START, /* first transmit when no packets in flight */
CA_EVENT_CWND_RESTART, /* congestion window restart */
CA_EVENT_COMPLETE_CWR, /* end of congestion recovery */
CA_EVENT_FRTO, /* fast recovery timeout */
CA_EVENT_LOSS, /* loss timeout */
CA_EVENT_FAST_ACK, /* in sequence ack */
CA_EVENT_SLOW_ACK, /* other ack */
* Interface for adding new TCP congestion control handlers
#define TCP_CA_NAME_MAX 16
struct tcp_congestion_ops {
struct list_head list;
/* initialize private data (optional) */
void (*init)(struct sock *sk);
/* cleanup private data (optional) */
void (*release)(struct sock *sk);
/* return slow start threshold (required) */
u32 (*ssthresh)(struct sock *sk);
/* lower bound for congestion window (optional) */
u32 (*min_cwnd)(struct sock *sk);
/* do new cwnd calculation (required) */
void (*cong_avoid)(struct sock *sk, u32 ack,
u32 rtt, u32 in_flight, int good_ack);
/* round trip time sample per acked packet (optional) */
void (*rtt_sample)(struct sock *sk, u32 usrtt);
/* call before changing ca_state (optional) */
void (*set_state)(struct sock *sk, u8 new_state);
/* call when cwnd event occurs (optional) */
void (*cwnd_event)(struct sock *sk, enum tcp_ca_event ev);
/* new value of cwnd after loss (optional) */
u32 (*undo_cwnd)(struct sock *sk);
/* hook for packet ack accounting (optional) */
void (*pkts_acked)(struct sock *sk, u32 num_acked);
/* get info for inet_diag (optional) */
void (*get_info)(struct sock *sk, u32 ext, struct sk_buff *skb);
char name[TCP_CA_NAME_MAX];
struct module *owner;
extern int tcp_register_congestion_control(struct tcp_congestion_ops *type);
extern void tcp_unregister_congestion_control(struct tcp_congestion_ops *type);
extern void tcp_init_congestion_control(struct sock *sk);
extern void tcp_cleanup_congestion_control(struct sock *sk);
extern int tcp_set_default_congestion_control(const char *name);
extern void tcp_get_default_congestion_control(char *name);
extern int tcp_set_congestion_control(struct sock *sk, const char *name);
extern struct tcp_congestion_ops tcp_init_congestion_ops;
extern u32 tcp_reno_ssthresh(struct sock *sk);
extern void tcp_reno_cong_avoid(struct sock *sk, u32 ack,
u32 rtt, u32 in_flight, int flag);
extern u32 tcp_reno_min_cwnd(struct sock *sk);
extern struct tcp_congestion_ops tcp_reno;
static inline void tcp_set_ca_state(struct sock *sk, const u8 ca_state)
struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
if (icsk->icsk_ca_ops->set_state)
icsk->icsk_ca_ops->set_state(sk, ca_state);
icsk->icsk_ca_state = ca_state;
static inline void tcp_ca_event(struct sock *sk, const enum tcp_ca_event event)
const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
if (icsk->icsk_ca_ops->cwnd_event)
icsk->icsk_ca_ops->cwnd_event(sk, event);
/* This determines how many packets are "in the network" to the best
* of our knowledge. In many cases it is conservative, but where
* detailed information is available from the receiver (via SACK
* blocks etc.) we can make more aggressive calculations.
* Use this for decisions involving congestion control, use just
* tp->packets_out to determine if the send queue is empty or not.
* Read this equation as:
* "Packets sent once on transmission queue" MINUS
* "Packets left network, but not honestly ACKed yet" PLUS
* "Packets fast retransmitted"
static __inline__ unsigned int tcp_packets_in_flight(const struct tcp_sock *tp)
return (tp->packets_out - tp->left_out + tp->retrans_out);
/* If cwnd > ssthresh, we may raise ssthresh to be half-way to cwnd.
* The exception is rate halving phase, when cwnd is decreasing towards
* ssthresh.
static inline __u32 tcp_current_ssthresh(const struct sock *sk)
const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
if ((1 << inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_state) & (TCPF_CA_CWR | TCPF_CA_Recovery))
return tp->snd_ssthresh;
return max(tp->snd_ssthresh,
((tp->snd_cwnd >> 1) +
(tp->snd_cwnd >> 2)));
static inline void tcp_sync_left_out(struct tcp_sock *tp)
if (tp->rx_opt.sack_ok &&
(tp->sacked_out >= tp->packets_out - tp->lost_out))
tp->sacked_out = tp->packets_out - tp->lost_out;
tp->left_out = tp->sacked_out + tp->lost_out;
/* Set slow start threshold and cwnd not falling to slow start */
static inline void __tcp_enter_cwr(struct sock *sk)
const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
tp->undo_marker = 0;
tp->snd_ssthresh = icsk->icsk_ca_ops->ssthresh(sk);
tp->snd_cwnd = min(tp->snd_cwnd,
tcp_packets_in_flight(tp) + 1U);
tp->snd_cwnd_cnt = 0;
tp->high_seq = tp->snd_nxt;
tp->snd_cwnd_stamp = tcp_time_stamp;
static inline void tcp_enter_cwr(struct sock *sk)
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
tp->prior_ssthresh = 0;
if (inet_csk(sk)->icsk_ca_state < TCP_CA_CWR) {
tcp_set_ca_state(sk, TCP_CA_CWR);
extern __u32 tcp_init_cwnd(struct tcp_sock *tp, struct dst_entry *dst);
/* Slow start with delack produces 3 packets of burst, so that
* it is safe "de facto".
static __inline__ __u32 tcp_max_burst(const struct tcp_sock *tp)
return 3;
static __inline__ void tcp_minshall_update(struct tcp_sock *tp, int mss,
const struct sk_buff *skb)
if (skb->len < mss)
tp->snd_sml = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->end_seq;
static __inline__ void tcp_check_probe_timer(struct sock *sk, struct tcp_sock *tp)
const struct inet_connection_sock *icsk = inet_csk(sk);
if (!tp->packets_out && !icsk->icsk_pending)
inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_PROBE0,
icsk->icsk_rto, TCP_RTO_MAX);
static __inline__ void tcp_push_pending_frames(struct sock *sk,
struct tcp_sock *tp)
__tcp_push_pending_frames(sk, tp, tcp_current_mss(sk, 1), tp->nonagle);
static __inline__ void tcp_init_wl(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 ack, u32 seq)
tp->snd_wl1 = seq;
static __inline__ void tcp_update_wl(struct tcp_sock *tp, u32 ack, u32 seq)
tp->snd_wl1 = seq;
* Calculate(/check) TCP checksum
static __inline__ u16 tcp_v4_check(struct tcphdr *th, int len,
unsigned long saddr, unsigned long daddr,
unsigned long base)
return csum_tcpudp_magic(saddr,daddr,len,IPPROTO_TCP,base);
static __inline__ int __tcp_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb)
return (unsigned short)csum_fold(skb_checksum(skb, 0, skb->len, skb->csum));
static __inline__ int tcp_checksum_complete(struct sk_buff *skb)
return skb->ip_summed != CHECKSUM_UNNECESSARY &&
/* Prequeue for VJ style copy to user, combined with checksumming. */
static __inline__ void tcp_prequeue_init(struct tcp_sock *tp)
tp->ucopy.task = NULL;
tp->ucopy.len = 0;
tp->ucopy.memory = 0;
/* Packet is added to VJ-style prequeue for processing in process
* context, if a reader task is waiting. Apparently, this exciting
* idea (VJ's mail "Re: query about TCP header on tcp-ip" of 07 Sep 93)
* failed somewhere. Latency? Burstiness? Well, at least now we will
* see, why it failed. 8)8) --ANK
* NOTE: is this not too big to inline?
static __inline__ int tcp_prequeue(struct sock *sk, struct sk_buff *skb)
struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
if (!sysctl_tcp_low_latency && tp->ucopy.task) {
__skb_queue_tail(&tp->ucopy.prequeue, skb);
tp->ucopy.memory += skb->truesize;
if (tp->ucopy.memory > sk->sk_rcvbuf) {
struct sk_buff *skb1;
while ((skb1 = __skb_dequeue(&tp->ucopy.prequeue)) != NULL) {
sk->sk_backlog_rcv(sk, skb1);
tp->ucopy.memory = 0;
} else if (skb_queue_len(&tp->ucopy.prequeue) == 1) {
if (!inet_csk_ack_scheduled(sk))
inet_csk_reset_xmit_timer(sk, ICSK_TIME_DACK,
(3 * TCP_RTO_MIN) / 4,
return 1;
return 0;
static const char *statename[]={
"Unused","Established","Syn Sent","Syn Recv",
"Fin Wait 1","Fin Wait 2","Time Wait", "Close",
"Close Wait","Last ACK","Listen","Closing"
static __inline__ void tcp_set_state(struct sock *sk, int state)
int oldstate = sk->sk_state;
switch (state) {
if (oldstate != TCP_ESTABLISHED)
if (oldstate == TCP_CLOSE_WAIT || oldstate == TCP_ESTABLISHED)
if (inet_csk(sk)->icsk_bind_hash &&
!(sk->sk_userlocks & SOCK_BINDPORT_LOCK))
inet_put_port(&tcp_hashinfo, sk);
/* fall through */
if (oldstate==TCP_ESTABLISHED)
/* Change state AFTER socket is unhashed to avoid closed
* socket sitting in hash tables.
sk->sk_state = state;
SOCK_DEBUG(sk, "TCP sk=%p, State %s -> %s\n",sk, statename[oldstate],statename[state]);
static __inline__ void tcp_done(struct sock *sk)
tcp_set_state(sk, TCP_CLOSE);
sk->sk_shutdown = SHUTDOWN_MASK;
if (!sock_flag(sk, SOCK_DEAD))
static __inline__ void tcp_sack_reset(struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt)
rx_opt->dsack = 0;
rx_opt->eff_sacks = 0;
rx_opt->num_sacks = 0;
static __inline__ void tcp_build_and_update_options(__u32 *ptr, struct tcp_sock *tp, __u32 tstamp)
if (tp->rx_opt.tstamp_ok) {
*ptr++ = __constant_htonl((TCPOPT_NOP << 24) |
(TCPOPT_NOP << 16) |
*ptr++ = htonl(tstamp);
*ptr++ = htonl(tp->rx_opt.ts_recent);
if (tp->rx_opt.eff_sacks) {
struct tcp_sack_block *sp = tp->rx_opt.dsack ? tp->duplicate_sack : tp->selective_acks;
int this_sack;
*ptr++ = __constant_htonl((TCPOPT_NOP << 24) |
(TCPOPT_NOP << 16) |
(TCPOPT_SACK << 8) |
(tp->rx_opt.eff_sacks * TCPOLEN_SACK_PERBLOCK)));
for(this_sack = 0; this_sack < tp->rx_opt.eff_sacks; this_sack++) {
*ptr++ = htonl(sp[this_sack].start_seq);
*ptr++ = htonl(sp[this_sack].end_seq);
if (tp->rx_opt.dsack) {
tp->rx_opt.dsack = 0;
/* Construct a tcp options header for a SYN or SYN_ACK packet.
* If this is every changed make sure to change the definition of
* MAX_SYN_SIZE to match the new maximum number of options that you
* can generate.
static inline void tcp_syn_build_options(__u32 *ptr, int mss, int ts, int sack,
int offer_wscale, int wscale, __u32 tstamp, __u32 ts_recent)
/* We always get an MSS option.
* The option bytes which will be seen in normal data
* packets should timestamps be used, must be in the MSS
* advertised. But we subtract them from tp->mss_cache so
* that calculations in tcp_sendmsg are simpler etc.
* So account for this fact here if necessary. If we
* don't do this correctly, as a receiver we won't
* recognize data packets as being full sized when we
* should, and thus we won't abide by the delayed ACK
* rules correctly.
* SACKs don't matter, we never delay an ACK when we
* have any of those going out.
*ptr++ = htonl((TCPOPT_MSS << 24) | (TCPOLEN_MSS << 16) | mss);
if (ts) {
*ptr++ = __constant_htonl((TCPOPT_SACK_PERM << 24) | (TCPOLEN_SACK_PERM << 16) |
*ptr++ = __constant_htonl((TCPOPT_NOP << 24) | (TCPOPT_NOP << 16) |
*ptr++ = htonl(tstamp); /* TSVAL */
*ptr++ = htonl(ts_recent); /* TSECR */
} else if(sack)
*ptr++ = __constant_htonl((TCPOPT_NOP << 24) | (TCPOPT_NOP << 16) |
if (offer_wscale)
*ptr++ = htonl((TCPOPT_NOP << 24) | (TCPOPT_WINDOW << 16) | (TCPOLEN_WINDOW << 8) | (wscale));
/* Determine a window scaling and initial window to offer. */
extern void tcp_select_initial_window(int __space, __u32 mss,
__u32 *rcv_wnd, __u32 *window_clamp,
int wscale_ok, __u8 *rcv_wscale);
static inline int tcp_win_from_space(int space)
return sysctl_tcp_adv_win_scale<=0 ?
(space>>(-sysctl_tcp_adv_win_scale)) :
space - (space>>sysctl_tcp_adv_win_scale);
/* Note: caller must be prepared to deal with negative returns */
static inline int tcp_space(const struct sock *sk)
return tcp_win_from_space(sk->sk_rcvbuf -
static inline int tcp_full_space(const struct sock *sk)
return tcp_win_from_space(sk->sk_rcvbuf);
static __inline__ void tcp_openreq_init(struct request_sock *req,
struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt,
struct sk_buff *skb)
struct inet_request_sock *ireq = inet_rsk(req);
req->rcv_wnd = 0; /* So that tcp_send_synack() knows! */
tcp_rsk(req)->rcv_isn = TCP_SKB_CB(skb)->seq;
req->mss = rx_opt->mss_clamp;
req->ts_recent = rx_opt->saw_tstamp ? rx_opt->rcv_tsval : 0;
ireq->tstamp_ok = rx_opt->tstamp_ok;
ireq->sack_ok = rx_opt->sack_ok;
ireq->snd_wscale = rx_opt->snd_wscale;
ireq->wscale_ok = rx_opt->wscale_ok;
ireq->acked = 0;
ireq->ecn_ok = 0;
ireq->rmt_port = skb->>source;
extern void tcp_enter_memory_pressure(void);
static inline int keepalive_intvl_when(const struct tcp_sock *tp)
return tp->keepalive_intvl ? : sysctl_tcp_keepalive_intvl;
static inline int keepalive_time_when(const struct tcp_sock *tp)
return tp->keepalive_time ? : sysctl_tcp_keepalive_time;
static inline int tcp_fin_time(const struct sock *sk)
int fin_timeout = tcp_sk(sk)->linger2 ? : sysctl_tcp_fin_timeout;
const int rto = inet_csk(sk)->icsk_rto;
if (fin_timeout < (rto << 2) - (rto >> 1))
fin_timeout = (rto << 2) - (rto >> 1);
return fin_timeout;
static inline int tcp_paws_check(const struct tcp_options_received *rx_opt, int rst)
if ((s32)(rx_opt->rcv_tsval - rx_opt->ts_recent) >= 0)
return 0;
if (xtime.tv_sec >= rx_opt->ts_recent_stamp + TCP_PAWS_24DAYS)
return 0;
/* RST segments are not recommended to carry timestamp,
and, if they do, it is recommended to ignore PAWS because
"their cleanup function should take precedence over timestamps."
Certainly, it is mistake. It is necessary to understand the reasons
of this constraint to relax it: if peer reboots, clock may go
out-of-sync and half-open connections will not be reset.
Actually, the problem would be not existing if all
the implementations followed draft about maintaining clock
via reboots. Linux-2.2 DOES NOT!
However, we can relax time bounds for RST segments to MSL.
if (rst && xtime.tv_sec >= rx_opt->ts_recent_stamp + TCP_PAWS_MSL)
return 0;
return 1;
#define TCP_CHECK_TIMER(sk) do { } while (0)
static inline int tcp_use_frto(const struct sock *sk)
const struct tcp_sock *tp = tcp_sk(sk);
/* F-RTO must be activated in sysctl and there must be some
* unsent new data, and the advertised window should allow
* sending it.
return (sysctl_tcp_frto && sk->sk_send_head &&
tp->snd_una + tp->snd_wnd));
static inline void tcp_mib_init(void)
/* See RFC 2012 */
/* /proc */
enum tcp_seq_states {
struct tcp_seq_afinfo {
struct module *owner;
char *name;
sa_family_t family;
int (*seq_show) (struct seq_file *m, void *v);
struct file_operations *seq_fops;
struct tcp_iter_state {
sa_family_t family;
enum tcp_seq_states state;
struct sock *syn_wait_sk;
int bucket, sbucket, num, uid;
struct seq_operations seq_ops;
extern int tcp_proc_register(struct tcp_seq_afinfo *afinfo);
extern void tcp_proc_unregister(struct tcp_seq_afinfo *afinfo);
extern struct request_sock_ops tcp_request_sock_ops;
extern int tcp_v4_destroy_sock(struct sock *sk);
extern int tcp4_proc_init(void);
extern void tcp4_proc_exit(void);
extern void tcp_v4_init(struct net_proto_family *ops);
extern void tcp_init(void);
#endif /* _TCP_H */