blob: c9bf3746a9fba724ec7790c0c07dc96428611cd2 [file] [log] [blame]
#ifndef _LINUX_FS_H
#define _LINUX_FS_H
* This file has definitions for some important file table
* structures etc.
#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/limits.h>
#include <linux/ioctl.h>
* It's silly to have NR_OPEN bigger than NR_FILE, but you can change
* the file limit at runtime and only root can increase the per-process
* nr_file rlimit, so it's safe to set up a ridiculously high absolute
* upper limit on files-per-process.
* Some programs (notably those using select()) may have to be
* recompiled to take full advantage of the new limits..
/* Fixed constants first: */
#undef NR_OPEN
#define NR_OPEN (1024*1024) /* Absolute upper limit on fd num */
#define INR_OPEN 1024 /* Initial setting for nfile rlimits */
#define BLOCK_SIZE_BITS 10
/* And dynamically-tunable limits and defaults: */
struct files_stat_struct {
int nr_files; /* read only */
int nr_free_files; /* read only */
int max_files; /* tunable */
extern struct files_stat_struct files_stat;
struct inodes_stat_t {
int nr_inodes;
int nr_unused;
int dummy[5];
extern struct inodes_stat_t inodes_stat;
extern int leases_enable, lease_break_time;
extern int dir_notify_enable;
#define NR_FILE 8192 /* this can well be larger on a larger system */
#define MAY_EXEC 1
#define MAY_WRITE 2
#define MAY_READ 4
#define MAY_APPEND 8
#define FMODE_READ 1
#define FMODE_WRITE 2
/* Internal kernel extensions */
#define FMODE_LSEEK 4
#define FMODE_PREAD 8
#define FMODE_PWRITE FMODE_PREAD /* These go hand in hand */
#define RW_MASK 1
#define RWA_MASK 2
#define READ 0
#define WRITE 1
#define READA 2 /* read-ahead - don't block if no resources */
#define SPECIAL 4 /* For non-blockdevice requests in request queue */
#define READ_SYNC (READ | (1 << BIO_RW_SYNC))
#define WRITE_SYNC (WRITE | (1 << BIO_RW_SYNC))
#define WRITE_BARRIER ((1 << BIO_RW) | (1 << BIO_RW_BARRIER))
#define SEL_IN 1
#define SEL_OUT 2
#define SEL_EX 4
/* public flags for file_system_type */
#define FS_REVAL_DOT 16384 /* Check the paths ".", ".." for staleness */
#define FS_ODD_RENAME 32768 /* Temporary stuff; will go away as soon
* as nfs_rename() will be cleaned up
* These are the fs-independent mount-flags: up to 32 flags are supported
#define MS_RDONLY 1 /* Mount read-only */
#define MS_NOSUID 2 /* Ignore suid and sgid bits */
#define MS_NODEV 4 /* Disallow access to device special files */
#define MS_NOEXEC 8 /* Disallow program execution */
#define MS_SYNCHRONOUS 16 /* Writes are synced at once */
#define MS_REMOUNT 32 /* Alter flags of a mounted FS */
#define MS_MANDLOCK 64 /* Allow mandatory locks on an FS */
#define MS_DIRSYNC 128 /* Directory modifications are synchronous */
#define MS_NOATIME 1024 /* Do not update access times. */
#define MS_NODIRATIME 2048 /* Do not update directory access times */
#define MS_BIND 4096
#define MS_MOVE 8192
#define MS_REC 16384
#define MS_VERBOSE 32768
#define MS_POSIXACL (1<<16) /* VFS does not apply the umask */
#define MS_ACTIVE (1<<30)
#define MS_NOUSER (1<<31)
* Superblock flags that can be altered by MS_REMOUNT
* Old magic mount flag and mask
#define MS_MGC_VAL 0xC0ED0000
#define MS_MGC_MSK 0xffff0000
/* Inode flags - they have nothing to superblock flags now */
#define S_SYNC 1 /* Writes are synced at once */
#define S_NOATIME 2 /* Do not update access times */
#define S_APPEND 4 /* Append-only file */
#define S_IMMUTABLE 8 /* Immutable file */
#define S_DEAD 16 /* removed, but still open directory */
#define S_NOQUOTA 32 /* Inode is not counted to quota */
#define S_DIRSYNC 64 /* Directory modifications are synchronous */
#define S_NOCMTIME 128 /* Do not update file c/mtime */
#define S_SWAPFILE 256 /* Do not truncate: swapon got its bmaps */
#define S_PRIVATE 512 /* Inode is fs-internal */
* Note that nosuid etc flags are inode-specific: setting some file-system
* flags just means all the inodes inherit those flags by default. It might be
* possible to override it selectively if you really wanted to with some
* ioctl() that is not currently implemented.
* Exception: MS_RDONLY is always applied to the entire file system.
* Unfortunately, it is possible to change a filesystems flags with it mounted
* with files in use. This means that all of the inodes will not have their
* i_flags updated. Hence, i_flags no longer inherit the superblock mount
* flags, so these have to be checked separately. --
#define __IS_FLG(inode,flg) ((inode)->i_sb->s_flags & (flg))
#define IS_RDONLY(inode) ((inode)->i_sb->s_flags & MS_RDONLY)
#define IS_SYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, MS_SYNCHRONOUS) || \
((inode)->i_flags & S_SYNC))
#define IS_DIRSYNC(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, MS_SYNCHRONOUS|MS_DIRSYNC) || \
((inode)->i_flags & (S_SYNC|S_DIRSYNC)))
#define IS_MANDLOCK(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, MS_MANDLOCK)
#define IS_NOQUOTA(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOQUOTA)
#define IS_APPEND(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_APPEND)
#define IS_IMMUTABLE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_IMMUTABLE)
#define IS_NOATIME(inode) (__IS_FLG(inode, MS_NOATIME) || ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOATIME))
#define IS_NODIRATIME(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, MS_NODIRATIME)
#define IS_POSIXACL(inode) __IS_FLG(inode, MS_POSIXACL)
#define IS_DEADDIR(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_DEAD)
#define IS_NOCMTIME(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_NOCMTIME)
#define IS_SWAPFILE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_SWAPFILE)
#define IS_PRIVATE(inode) ((inode)->i_flags & S_PRIVATE)
/* the read-only stuff doesn't really belong here, but any other place is
probably as bad and I don't want to create yet another include file. */
#define BLKROSET _IO(0x12,93) /* set device read-only (0 = read-write) */
#define BLKROGET _IO(0x12,94) /* get read-only status (0 = read_write) */
#define BLKRRPART _IO(0x12,95) /* re-read partition table */
#define BLKGETSIZE _IO(0x12,96) /* return device size /512 (long *arg) */
#define BLKFLSBUF _IO(0x12,97) /* flush buffer cache */
#define BLKRASET _IO(0x12,98) /* set read ahead for block device */
#define BLKRAGET _IO(0x12,99) /* get current read ahead setting */
#define BLKFRASET _IO(0x12,100)/* set filesystem (mm/filemap.c) read-ahead */
#define BLKFRAGET _IO(0x12,101)/* get filesystem (mm/filemap.c) read-ahead */
#define BLKSECTSET _IO(0x12,102)/* set max sectors per request (ll_rw_blk.c) */
#define BLKSECTGET _IO(0x12,103)/* get max sectors per request (ll_rw_blk.c) */
#define BLKSSZGET _IO(0x12,104)/* get block device sector size */
#if 0
#define BLKPG _IO(0x12,105)/* See blkpg.h */
/* Some people are morons. Do not use sizeof! */
#define BLKELVGET _IOR(0x12,106,size_t)/* elevator get */
#define BLKELVSET _IOW(0x12,107,size_t)/* elevator set */
/* This was here just to show that the number is taken -
probably all these _IO(0x12,*) ioctls should be moved to blkpg.h. */
/* A jump here: 108-111 have been used for various private purposes. */
#define BLKBSZGET _IOR(0x12,112,size_t)
#define BLKBSZSET _IOW(0x12,113,size_t)
#define BLKGETSIZE64 _IOR(0x12,114,size_t) /* return device size in bytes (u64 *arg) */
#define BMAP_IOCTL 1 /* obsolete - kept for compatibility */
#define FIBMAP _IO(0x00,1) /* bmap access */
#define FIGETBSZ _IO(0x00,2) /* get the block size used for bmap */
#ifdef __KERNEL__
#include <linux/linkage.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
#include <linux/dcache.h>
#include <linux/stat.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/kobject.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/radix-tree.h>
#include <linux/prio_tree.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>
#include <asm/semaphore.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>
struct iovec;
struct nameidata;
struct kiocb;
struct pipe_inode_info;
struct poll_table_struct;
struct kstatfs;
struct vm_area_struct;
struct vfsmount;
/* Used to be a macro which just called the function, now just a function */
extern void update_atime (struct inode *);
extern void __init inode_init(unsigned long);
extern void __init inode_init_early(void);
extern void __init mnt_init(unsigned long);
extern void __init files_init(unsigned long);
struct buffer_head;
typedef int (get_block_t)(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create);
typedef int (get_blocks_t)(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock,
unsigned long max_blocks,
struct buffer_head *bh_result, int create);
typedef void (dio_iodone_t)(struct kiocb *iocb, loff_t offset,
ssize_t bytes, void *private);
* Attribute flags. These should be or-ed together to figure out what
* has been changed!
#define ATTR_MODE 1
#define ATTR_UID 2
#define ATTR_GID 4
#define ATTR_SIZE 8
#define ATTR_ATIME 16
#define ATTR_MTIME 32
#define ATTR_CTIME 64
#define ATTR_ATIME_SET 128
#define ATTR_MTIME_SET 256
#define ATTR_FORCE 512 /* Not a change, but a change it */
#define ATTR_ATTR_FLAG 1024
#define ATTR_KILL_SUID 2048
#define ATTR_KILL_SGID 4096
* This is the Inode Attributes structure, used for notify_change(). It
* uses the above definitions as flags, to know which values have changed.
* Also, in this manner, a Filesystem can look at only the values it cares
* about. Basically, these are the attributes that the VFS layer can
* request to change from the FS layer.
* Derek Atkins <warlord@MIT.EDU> 94-10-20
struct iattr {
unsigned int ia_valid;
umode_t ia_mode;
uid_t ia_uid;
gid_t ia_gid;
loff_t ia_size;
struct timespec ia_atime;
struct timespec ia_mtime;
struct timespec ia_ctime;
unsigned int ia_attr_flags;
* This is the inode attributes flag definitions
#define ATTR_FLAG_SYNCRONOUS 1 /* Syncronous write */
#define ATTR_FLAG_NOATIME 2 /* Don't update atime */
#define ATTR_FLAG_APPEND 4 /* Append-only file */
#define ATTR_FLAG_IMMUTABLE 8 /* Immutable file */
#define ATTR_FLAG_NODIRATIME 16 /* Don't update atime for directory */
* Includes for diskquotas.
#include <linux/quota.h>
* oh the beauties of C type declarations.
struct page;
struct address_space;
struct writeback_control;
struct address_space_operations {
int (*writepage)(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc);
int (*readpage)(struct file *, struct page *);
int (*sync_page)(struct page *);
/* Write back some dirty pages from this mapping. */
int (*writepages)(struct address_space *, struct writeback_control *);
/* Set a page dirty */
int (*set_page_dirty)(struct page *page);
int (*readpages)(struct file *filp, struct address_space *mapping,
struct list_head *pages, unsigned nr_pages);
* ext3 requires that a successful prepare_write() call be followed
* by a commit_write() call - they must be balanced
int (*prepare_write)(struct file *, struct page *, unsigned, unsigned);
int (*commit_write)(struct file *, struct page *, unsigned, unsigned);
/* Unfortunately this kludge is needed for FIBMAP. Don't use it */
sector_t (*bmap)(struct address_space *, sector_t);
int (*invalidatepage) (struct page *, unsigned long);
int (*releasepage) (struct page *, int);
ssize_t (*direct_IO)(int, struct kiocb *, const struct iovec *iov,
loff_t offset, unsigned long nr_segs);
struct page* (*get_xip_page)(struct address_space *, sector_t,
struct backing_dev_info;
struct address_space {
struct inode *host; /* owner: inode, block_device */
struct radix_tree_root page_tree; /* radix tree of all pages */
rwlock_t tree_lock; /* and rwlock protecting it */
unsigned int i_mmap_writable;/* count VM_SHARED mappings */
struct prio_tree_root i_mmap; /* tree of private and shared mappings */
struct list_head i_mmap_nonlinear;/*list VM_NONLINEAR mappings */
spinlock_t i_mmap_lock; /* protect tree, count, list */
unsigned int truncate_count; /* Cover race condition with truncate */
unsigned long nrpages; /* number of total pages */
pgoff_t writeback_index;/* writeback starts here */
struct address_space_operations *a_ops; /* methods */
unsigned long flags; /* error bits/gfp mask */
struct backing_dev_info *backing_dev_info; /* device readahead, etc */
spinlock_t private_lock; /* for use by the address_space */
struct list_head private_list; /* ditto */
struct address_space *assoc_mapping; /* ditto */
} __attribute__((aligned(sizeof(long))));
* On most architectures that alignment is already the case; but
* must be enforced here for CRIS, to let the least signficant bit
* of struct page's "mapping" pointer be used for PAGE_MAPPING_ANON.
struct block_device {
dev_t bd_dev; /* not a kdev_t - it's a search key */
struct inode * bd_inode; /* will die */
int bd_openers;
struct semaphore bd_sem; /* open/close mutex */
struct semaphore bd_mount_sem; /* mount mutex */
struct list_head bd_inodes;
void * bd_holder;
int bd_holders;
struct block_device * bd_contains;
unsigned bd_block_size;
struct hd_struct * bd_part;
/* number of times partitions within this device have been opened. */
unsigned bd_part_count;
int bd_invalidated;
struct gendisk * bd_disk;
struct list_head bd_list;
struct backing_dev_info *bd_inode_backing_dev_info;
* Private data. You must have bd_claim'ed the block_device
* to use this. NOTE: bd_claim allows an owner to claim
* the same device multiple times, the owner must take special
* care to not mess up bd_private for that case.
unsigned long bd_private;
* Radix-tree tags, for tagging dirty and writeback pages within the pagecache
* radix trees
int mapping_tagged(struct address_space *mapping, int tag);
* Might pages of this file be mapped into userspace?
static inline int mapping_mapped(struct address_space *mapping)
return !prio_tree_empty(&mapping->i_mmap) ||
* Might pages of this file have been modified in userspace?
* Note that i_mmap_writable counts all VM_SHARED vmas: do_mmap_pgoff
* marks vma as VM_SHARED if it is shared, and the file was opened for
* writing i.e. vma may be mprotected writable even if now readonly.
static inline int mapping_writably_mapped(struct address_space *mapping)
return mapping->i_mmap_writable != 0;
* Use sequence counter to get consistent i_size on 32-bit processors.
#if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
#include <linux/seqlock.h>
#define i_size_ordered_init(inode) seqcount_init(&inode->i_size_seqcount)
#define i_size_ordered_init(inode) do { } while (0)
struct inode {
struct hlist_node i_hash;
struct list_head i_list;
struct list_head i_sb_list;
struct list_head i_dentry;
unsigned long i_ino;
atomic_t i_count;
umode_t i_mode;
unsigned int i_nlink;
uid_t i_uid;
gid_t i_gid;
dev_t i_rdev;
loff_t i_size;
struct timespec i_atime;
struct timespec i_mtime;
struct timespec i_ctime;
unsigned int i_blkbits;
unsigned long i_blksize;
unsigned long i_version;
unsigned long i_blocks;
unsigned short i_bytes;
spinlock_t i_lock; /* i_blocks, i_bytes, maybe i_size */
struct semaphore i_sem;
struct rw_semaphore i_alloc_sem;
struct inode_operations *i_op;
struct file_operations *i_fop; /* former ->i_op->default_file_ops */
struct super_block *i_sb;
struct file_lock *i_flock;
struct address_space *i_mapping;
struct address_space i_data;
struct dquot *i_dquot[MAXQUOTAS];
/* These three should probably be a union */
struct list_head i_devices;
struct pipe_inode_info *i_pipe;
struct block_device *i_bdev;
struct cdev *i_cdev;
int i_cindex;
__u32 i_generation;
unsigned long i_dnotify_mask; /* Directory notify events */
struct dnotify_struct *i_dnotify; /* for directory notifications */
struct list_head inotify_watches; /* watches on this inode */
struct semaphore inotify_sem; /* protects the watches list */
unsigned long i_state;
unsigned long dirtied_when; /* jiffies of first dirtying */
unsigned int i_flags;
atomic_t i_writecount;
void *i_security;
union {
void *generic_ip;
} u;
seqcount_t i_size_seqcount;
* NOTE: in a 32bit arch with a preemptable kernel and
* an UP compile the i_size_read/write must be atomic
* with respect to the local cpu (unlike with preempt disabled),
* but they don't need to be atomic with respect to other cpus like in
* true SMP (so they need either to either locally disable irq around
* the read or for example on x86 they can be still implemented as a
* cmpxchg8b without the need of the lock prefix). For SMP compiles
* and 64bit archs it makes no difference if preempt is enabled or not.
static inline loff_t i_size_read(struct inode *inode)
#if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
loff_t i_size;
unsigned int seq;
do {
seq = read_seqcount_begin(&inode->i_size_seqcount);
i_size = inode->i_size;
} while (read_seqcount_retry(&inode->i_size_seqcount, seq));
return i_size;
#elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT)
loff_t i_size;
i_size = inode->i_size;
return i_size;
return inode->i_size;
static inline void i_size_write(struct inode *inode, loff_t i_size)
#if BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_SMP)
inode->i_size = i_size;
#elif BITS_PER_LONG==32 && defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT)
inode->i_size = i_size;
inode->i_size = i_size;
static inline unsigned iminor(struct inode *inode)
return MINOR(inode->i_rdev);
static inline unsigned imajor(struct inode *inode)
return MAJOR(inode->i_rdev);
extern struct block_device *I_BDEV(struct inode *inode);
struct fown_struct {
rwlock_t lock; /* protects pid, uid, euid fields */
int pid; /* pid or -pgrp where SIGIO should be sent */
uid_t uid, euid; /* uid/euid of process setting the owner */
void *security;
int signum; /* posix.1b rt signal to be delivered on IO */
* Track a single file's readahead state
struct file_ra_state {
unsigned long start; /* Current window */
unsigned long size;
unsigned long flags; /* ra flags RA_FLAG_xxx*/
unsigned long cache_hit; /* cache hit count*/
unsigned long prev_page; /* Cache last read() position */
unsigned long ahead_start; /* Ahead window */
unsigned long ahead_size;
unsigned long ra_pages; /* Maximum readahead window */
unsigned long mmap_hit; /* Cache hit stat for mmap accesses */
unsigned long mmap_miss; /* Cache miss stat for mmap accesses */
#define RA_FLAG_MISS 0x01 /* a cache miss occured against this file */
#define RA_FLAG_INCACHE 0x02 /* file is already in cache */
struct file {
struct list_head f_list;
struct dentry *f_dentry;
struct vfsmount *f_vfsmnt;
struct file_operations *f_op;
atomic_t f_count;
unsigned int f_flags;
mode_t f_mode;
loff_t f_pos;
struct fown_struct f_owner;
unsigned int f_uid, f_gid;
struct file_ra_state f_ra;
size_t f_maxcount;
unsigned long f_version;
void *f_security;
/* needed for tty driver, and maybe others */
void *private_data;
/* Used by fs/eventpoll.c to link all the hooks to this file */
struct list_head f_ep_links;
spinlock_t f_ep_lock;
#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_EPOLL */
struct address_space *f_mapping;
extern spinlock_t files_lock;
#define file_list_lock() spin_lock(&files_lock);
#define file_list_unlock() spin_unlock(&files_lock);
#define get_file(x) atomic_inc(&(x)->f_count)
#define file_count(x) atomic_read(&(x)->f_count)
#define MAX_NON_LFS ((1UL<<31) - 1)
/* Page cache limit. The filesystems should put that into their s_maxbytes
limits, otherwise bad things can happen in VM. */
#elif BITS_PER_LONG==64
#define MAX_LFS_FILESIZE 0x7fffffffffffffffUL
#define FL_POSIX 1
#define FL_FLOCK 2
#define FL_ACCESS 8 /* not trying to lock, just looking */
#define FL_LOCKD 16 /* lock held by rpc.lockd */
#define FL_LEASE 32 /* lease held on this file */
#define FL_SLEEP 128 /* A blocking lock */
* The POSIX file lock owner is determined by
* the "struct files_struct" in the thread group
* (or NULL for no owner - BSD locks).
* Lockd stuffs a "host" pointer into this.
typedef struct files_struct *fl_owner_t;
struct file_lock_operations {
void (*fl_insert)(struct file_lock *); /* lock insertion callback */
void (*fl_remove)(struct file_lock *); /* lock removal callback */
void (*fl_copy_lock)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
void (*fl_release_private)(struct file_lock *);
struct lock_manager_operations {
int (*fl_compare_owner)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
void (*fl_notify)(struct file_lock *); /* unblock callback */
void (*fl_copy_lock)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
void (*fl_release_private)(struct file_lock *);
void (*fl_break)(struct file_lock *);
int (*fl_mylease)(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
int (*fl_change)(struct file_lock **, int);
/* that will die - we need it for nfs_lock_info */
#include <linux/nfs_fs_i.h>
struct file_lock {
struct file_lock *fl_next; /* singly linked list for this inode */
struct list_head fl_link; /* doubly linked list of all locks */
struct list_head fl_block; /* circular list of blocked processes */
fl_owner_t fl_owner;
unsigned int fl_pid;
wait_queue_head_t fl_wait;
struct file *fl_file;
unsigned char fl_flags;
unsigned char fl_type;
loff_t fl_start;
loff_t fl_end;
struct fasync_struct * fl_fasync; /* for lease break notifications */
unsigned long fl_break_time; /* for nonblocking lease breaks */
struct file_lock_operations *fl_ops; /* Callbacks for filesystems */
struct lock_manager_operations *fl_lmops; /* Callbacks for lockmanagers */
union {
struct nfs_lock_info nfs_fl;
struct nfs4_lock_info nfs4_fl;
} fl_u;
/* The following constant reflects the upper bound of the file/locking space */
#ifndef OFFSET_MAX
#define INT_LIMIT(x) (~((x)1 << (sizeof(x)*8 - 1)))
#define OFFSET_MAX INT_LIMIT(loff_t)
extern struct list_head file_lock_list;
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
extern int fcntl_getlk(struct file *, struct flock __user *);
extern int fcntl_setlk(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock __user *);
#if BITS_PER_LONG == 32
extern int fcntl_getlk64(struct file *, struct flock64 __user *);
extern int fcntl_setlk64(struct file *, unsigned int, struct flock64 __user *);
extern void send_sigio(struct fown_struct *fown, int fd, int band);
extern int fcntl_setlease(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp, long arg);
extern int fcntl_getlease(struct file *filp);
/* fs/locks.c */
extern void locks_init_lock(struct file_lock *);
extern void locks_copy_lock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
extern void locks_remove_posix(struct file *, fl_owner_t);
extern void locks_remove_flock(struct file *);
extern struct file_lock *posix_test_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *);
extern int posix_lock_file(struct file *, struct file_lock *);
extern int posix_lock_file_wait(struct file *, struct file_lock *);
extern void posix_block_lock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
extern void posix_unblock_lock(struct file *, struct file_lock *);
extern int posix_locks_deadlock(struct file_lock *, struct file_lock *);
extern int flock_lock_file_wait(struct file *filp, struct file_lock *fl);
extern int __break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int flags);
extern void lease_get_mtime(struct inode *, struct timespec *time);
extern int setlease(struct file *, long, struct file_lock **);
extern int lease_modify(struct file_lock **, int);
extern int lock_may_read(struct inode *, loff_t start, unsigned long count);
extern int lock_may_write(struct inode *, loff_t start, unsigned long count);
extern void steal_locks(fl_owner_t from);
struct fasync_struct {
int magic;
int fa_fd;
struct fasync_struct *fa_next; /* singly linked list */
struct file *fa_file;
#define FASYNC_MAGIC 0x4601
/* SMP safe fasync helpers: */
extern int fasync_helper(int, struct file *, int, struct fasync_struct **);
/* can be called from interrupts */
extern void kill_fasync(struct fasync_struct **, int, int);
/* only for net: no internal synchronization */
extern void __kill_fasync(struct fasync_struct *, int, int);
extern int f_setown(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg, int force);
extern void f_delown(struct file *filp);
extern int send_sigurg(struct fown_struct *fown);
* Umount options
#define MNT_FORCE 0x00000001 /* Attempt to forcibily umount */
#define MNT_DETACH 0x00000002 /* Just detach from the tree */
#define MNT_EXPIRE 0x00000004 /* Mark for expiry */
extern struct list_head super_blocks;
extern spinlock_t sb_lock;
#define sb_entry(list) list_entry((list), struct super_block, s_list)
#define S_BIAS (1<<30)
struct super_block {
struct list_head s_list; /* Keep this first */
dev_t s_dev; /* search index; _not_ kdev_t */
unsigned long s_blocksize;
unsigned long s_old_blocksize;
unsigned char s_blocksize_bits;
unsigned char s_dirt;
unsigned long long s_maxbytes; /* Max file size */
struct file_system_type *s_type;
struct super_operations *s_op;
struct dquot_operations *dq_op;
struct quotactl_ops *s_qcop;
struct export_operations *s_export_op;
unsigned long s_flags;
unsigned long s_magic;
struct dentry *s_root;
struct rw_semaphore s_umount;
struct semaphore s_lock;
int s_count;
int s_syncing;
int s_need_sync_fs;
atomic_t s_active;
void *s_security;
struct xattr_handler **s_xattr;
struct list_head s_inodes; /* all inodes */
struct list_head s_dirty; /* dirty inodes */
struct list_head s_io; /* parked for writeback */
struct hlist_head s_anon; /* anonymous dentries for (nfs) exporting */
struct list_head s_files;
struct block_device *s_bdev;
struct list_head s_instances;
struct quota_info s_dquot; /* Diskquota specific options */
int s_frozen;
wait_queue_head_t s_wait_unfrozen;
char s_id[32]; /* Informational name */
void *s_fs_info; /* Filesystem private info */
* The next field is for VFS *only*. No filesystems have any business
* even looking at it. You had been warned.
struct semaphore s_vfs_rename_sem; /* Kludge */
/* Granuality of c/m/atime in ns.
Cannot be worse than a second */
u32 s_time_gran;
extern struct timespec current_fs_time(struct super_block *sb);
* Snapshotting support.
enum {
#define vfs_check_frozen(sb, level) \
wait_event((sb)->s_wait_unfrozen, ((sb)->s_frozen < (level)))
static inline void get_fs_excl(void)
static inline void put_fs_excl(void)
static inline int has_fs_excl(void)
return atomic_read(&current->fs_excl);
* Superblock locking.
static inline void lock_super(struct super_block * sb)
static inline void unlock_super(struct super_block * sb)
* VFS helper functions..
extern int vfs_create(struct inode *, struct dentry *, int, struct nameidata *);
extern int vfs_mkdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *, int);
extern int vfs_mknod(struct inode *, struct dentry *, int, dev_t);
extern int vfs_symlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *, const char *, int);
extern int vfs_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *);
extern int vfs_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *);
extern int vfs_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *);
extern int vfs_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *);
* VFS dentry helper functions.
extern void dentry_unhash(struct dentry *dentry);
* File types
* NOTE! These match bits 12..15 of stat.st_mode
* (ie "(i_mode >> 12) & 15").
#define DT_UNKNOWN 0
#define DT_FIFO 1
#define DT_CHR 2
#define DT_DIR 4
#define DT_BLK 6
#define DT_REG 8
#define DT_LNK 10
#define DT_SOCK 12
#define DT_WHT 14
#define OSYNC_METADATA (1<<0)
#define OSYNC_DATA (1<<1)
#define OSYNC_INODE (1<<2)
int generic_osync_inode(struct inode *, struct address_space *, int);
* This is the "filldir" function type, used by readdir() to let
* the kernel specify what kind of dirent layout it wants to have.
* This allows the kernel to read directories into kernel space or
* to have different dirent layouts depending on the binary type.
typedef int (*filldir_t)(void *, const char *, int, loff_t, ino_t, unsigned);
struct block_device_operations {
int (*open) (struct inode *, struct file *);
int (*release) (struct inode *, struct file *);
int (*ioctl) (struct inode *, struct file *, unsigned, unsigned long);
long (*unlocked_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned, unsigned long);
long (*compat_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned, unsigned long);
int (*direct_access) (struct block_device *, sector_t, unsigned long *);
int (*media_changed) (struct gendisk *);
int (*revalidate_disk) (struct gendisk *);
struct module *owner;
* "descriptor" for what we're up to with a read for sendfile().
* This allows us to use the same read code yet
* have multiple different users of the data that
* we read from a file.
* The simplest case just copies the data to user
* mode.
typedef struct {
size_t written;
size_t count;
union {
char __user * buf;
void *data;
} arg;
int error;
} read_descriptor_t;
typedef int (*read_actor_t)(read_descriptor_t *, struct page *, unsigned long, unsigned long);
/* These macros are for out of kernel modules to test that
* the kernel supports the unlocked_ioctl and compat_ioctl
* fields in struct file_operations. */
* read, write, poll, fsync, readv, writev, unlocked_ioctl and compat_ioctl
* can be called without the big kernel lock held in all filesystems.
struct file_operations {
struct module *owner;
loff_t (*llseek) (struct file *, loff_t, int);
ssize_t (*read) (struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
ssize_t (*aio_read) (struct kiocb *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t);
ssize_t (*write) (struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
ssize_t (*aio_write) (struct kiocb *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t);
int (*readdir) (struct file *, void *, filldir_t);
unsigned int (*poll) (struct file *, struct poll_table_struct *);
int (*ioctl) (struct inode *, struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long);
long (*unlocked_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long);
long (*compat_ioctl) (struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned long);
int (*mmap) (struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *);
int (*open) (struct inode *, struct file *);
int (*flush) (struct file *);
int (*release) (struct inode *, struct file *);
int (*fsync) (struct file *, struct dentry *, int datasync);
int (*aio_fsync) (struct kiocb *, int datasync);
int (*fasync) (int, struct file *, int);
int (*lock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *);
ssize_t (*readv) (struct file *, const struct iovec *, unsigned long, loff_t *);
ssize_t (*writev) (struct file *, const struct iovec *, unsigned long, loff_t *);
ssize_t (*sendfile) (struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, read_actor_t, void *);
ssize_t (*sendpage) (struct file *, struct page *, int, size_t, loff_t *, int);
unsigned long (*get_unmapped_area)(struct file *, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long);
int (*check_flags)(int);
int (*dir_notify)(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg);
int (*flock) (struct file *, int, struct file_lock *);
struct inode_operations {
int (*create) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,int, struct nameidata *);
struct dentry * (*lookup) (struct inode *,struct dentry *, struct nameidata *);
int (*link) (struct dentry *,struct inode *,struct dentry *);
int (*unlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *);
int (*symlink) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,const char *);
int (*mkdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,int);
int (*rmdir) (struct inode *,struct dentry *);
int (*mknod) (struct inode *,struct dentry *,int,dev_t);
int (*rename) (struct inode *, struct dentry *,
struct inode *, struct dentry *);
int (*readlink) (struct dentry *, char __user *,int);
int (*follow_link) (struct dentry *, struct nameidata *);
void (*put_link) (struct dentry *, struct nameidata *);
void (*truncate) (struct inode *);
int (*permission) (struct inode *, int, struct nameidata *);
int (*setattr) (struct dentry *, struct iattr *);
int (*getattr) (struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *, struct kstat *);
int (*setxattr) (struct dentry *, const char *,const void *,size_t,int);
ssize_t (*getxattr) (struct dentry *, const char *, void *, size_t);
ssize_t (*listxattr) (struct dentry *, char *, size_t);
int (*removexattr) (struct dentry *, const char *);
struct seq_file;
extern ssize_t vfs_read(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
extern ssize_t vfs_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
extern ssize_t vfs_readv(struct file *, const struct iovec __user *,
unsigned long, loff_t *);
extern ssize_t vfs_writev(struct file *, const struct iovec __user *,
unsigned long, loff_t *);
* NOTE: write_inode, delete_inode, clear_inode, put_inode can be called
* without the big kernel lock held in all filesystems.
struct super_operations {
struct inode *(*alloc_inode)(struct super_block *sb);
void (*destroy_inode)(struct inode *);
void (*read_inode) (struct inode *);
void (*dirty_inode) (struct inode *);
int (*write_inode) (struct inode *, int);
void (*put_inode) (struct inode *);
void (*drop_inode) (struct inode *);
void (*delete_inode) (struct inode *);
void (*put_super) (struct super_block *);
void (*write_super) (struct super_block *);
int (*sync_fs)(struct super_block *sb, int wait);
void (*write_super_lockfs) (struct super_block *);
void (*unlockfs) (struct super_block *);
int (*statfs) (struct super_block *, struct kstatfs *);
int (*remount_fs) (struct super_block *, int *, char *);
void (*clear_inode) (struct inode *);
void (*umount_begin) (struct super_block *);
int (*show_options)(struct seq_file *, struct vfsmount *);
ssize_t (*quota_read)(struct super_block *, int, char *, size_t, loff_t);
ssize_t (*quota_write)(struct super_block *, int, const char *, size_t, loff_t);
/* Inode state bits. Protected by inode_lock. */
#define I_DIRTY_SYNC 1 /* Not dirty enough for O_DATASYNC */
#define I_DIRTY_DATASYNC 2 /* Data-related inode changes pending */
#define I_DIRTY_PAGES 4 /* Data-related inode changes pending */
#define __I_LOCK 3
#define I_LOCK (1 << __I_LOCK)
#define I_FREEING 16
#define I_CLEAR 32
#define I_NEW 64
#define I_WILL_FREE 128
extern void __mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *, int);
static inline void mark_inode_dirty(struct inode *inode)
__mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY);
static inline void mark_inode_dirty_sync(struct inode *inode)
__mark_inode_dirty(inode, I_DIRTY_SYNC);
static inline void touch_atime(struct vfsmount *mnt, struct dentry *dentry)
/* per-mountpoint checks will go here */
static inline void file_accessed(struct file *file)
if (!(file->f_flags & O_NOATIME))
touch_atime(file->f_vfsmnt, file->f_dentry);
int sync_inode(struct inode *inode, struct writeback_control *wbc);
* struct export_operations - for nfsd to communicate with file systems
* @decode_fh: decode a file handle fragment and return a &struct dentry
* @encode_fh: encode a file handle fragment from a dentry
* @get_name: find the name for a given inode in a given directory
* @get_parent: find the parent of a given directory
* @get_dentry: find a dentry for the inode given a file handle sub-fragment
* Description:
* The export_operations structure provides a means for nfsd to communicate
* with a particular exported file system - particularly enabling nfsd and
* the filesystem to co-operate when dealing with file handles.
* export_operations contains two basic operation for dealing with file
* handles, decode_fh() and encode_fh(), and allows for some other
* operations to be defined which standard helper routines use to get
* specific information from the filesystem.
* nfsd encodes information use to determine which filesystem a filehandle
* applies to in the initial part of the file handle. The remainder, termed
* a file handle fragment, is controlled completely by the filesystem. The
* standard helper routines assume that this fragment will contain one or
* two sub-fragments, one which identifies the file, and one which may be
* used to identify the (a) directory containing the file.
* In some situations, nfsd needs to get a dentry which is connected into a
* specific part of the file tree. To allow for this, it passes the
* function acceptable() together with a @context which can be used to see
* if the dentry is acceptable. As there can be multiple dentrys for a
* given file, the filesystem should check each one for acceptability before
* looking for the next. As soon as an acceptable one is found, it should
* be returned.
* decode_fh:
* @decode_fh is given a &struct super_block (@sb), a file handle fragment
* (@fh, @fh_len) and an acceptability testing function (@acceptable,
* @context). It should return a &struct dentry which refers to the same
* file that the file handle fragment refers to, and which passes the
* acceptability test. If it cannot, it should return a %NULL pointer if
* the file was found but no acceptable &dentries were available, or a
* %ERR_PTR error code indicating why it couldn't be found (e.g. %ENOENT or
* encode_fh:
* @encode_fh should store in the file handle fragment @fh (using at most
* @max_len bytes) information that can be used by @decode_fh to recover the
* file refered to by the &struct dentry @de. If the @connectable flag is
* set, the encode_fh() should store sufficient information so that a good
* attempt can be made to find not only the file but also it's place in the
* filesystem. This typically means storing a reference to de->d_parent in
* the filehandle fragment. encode_fh() should return the number of bytes
* stored or a negative error code such as %-ENOSPC
* get_name:
* @get_name should find a name for the given @child in the given @parent
* directory. The name should be stored in the @name (with the
* understanding that it is already pointing to a a %NAME_MAX+1 sized
* buffer. get_name() should return %0 on success, a negative error code
* or error. @get_name will be called without @parent->i_sem held.
* get_parent:
* @get_parent should find the parent directory for the given @child which
* is also a directory. In the event that it cannot be found, or storage
* space cannot be allocated, a %ERR_PTR should be returned.
* get_dentry:
* Given a &super_block (@sb) and a pointer to a file-system specific inode
* identifier, possibly an inode number, (@inump) get_dentry() should find
* the identified inode and return a dentry for that inode. Any suitable
* dentry can be returned including, if necessary, a new dentry created with
* d_alloc_root. The caller can then find any other extant dentrys by
* following the d_alias links. If a new dentry was created using
* d_alloc_root, DCACHE_NFSD_DISCONNECTED should be set, and the dentry
* should be d_rehash()ed.
* If the inode cannot be found, either a %NULL pointer or an %ERR_PTR code
* can be returned. The @inump will be whatever was passed to
* nfsd_find_fh_dentry() in either the @obj or @parent parameters.
* Locking rules:
* get_parent is called with child->d_inode->i_sem down
* get_name is not (which is possibly inconsistent)
struct export_operations {
struct dentry *(*decode_fh)(struct super_block *sb, __u32 *fh, int fh_len, int fh_type,
int (*acceptable)(void *context, struct dentry *de),
void *context);
int (*encode_fh)(struct dentry *de, __u32 *fh, int *max_len,
int connectable);
/* the following are only called from the filesystem itself */
int (*get_name)(struct dentry *parent, char *name,
struct dentry *child);
struct dentry * (*get_parent)(struct dentry *child);
struct dentry * (*get_dentry)(struct super_block *sb, void *inump);
/* This is set by the exporting module to a standard helper */
struct dentry * (*find_exported_dentry)(
struct super_block *sb, void *obj, void *parent,
int (*acceptable)(void *context, struct dentry *de),
void *context);
extern struct dentry *
find_exported_dentry(struct super_block *sb, void *obj, void *parent,
int (*acceptable)(void *context, struct dentry *de),
void *context);
struct file_system_type {
const char *name;
int fs_flags;
struct super_block *(*get_sb) (struct file_system_type *, int,
const char *, void *);
void (*kill_sb) (struct super_block *);
struct module *owner;
struct file_system_type * next;
struct list_head fs_supers;
struct super_block *get_sb_bdev(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
int flags, const char *dev_name, void *data,
int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int));
struct super_block *get_sb_single(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
int flags, void *data,
int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int));
struct super_block *get_sb_nodev(struct file_system_type *fs_type,
int flags, void *data,
int (*fill_super)(struct super_block *, void *, int));
void generic_shutdown_super(struct super_block *sb);
void kill_block_super(struct super_block *sb);
void kill_anon_super(struct super_block *sb);
void kill_litter_super(struct super_block *sb);
void deactivate_super(struct super_block *sb);
int set_anon_super(struct super_block *s, void *data);
struct super_block *sget(struct file_system_type *type,
int (*test)(struct super_block *,void *),
int (*set)(struct super_block *,void *),
void *data);
struct super_block *get_sb_pseudo(struct file_system_type *, char *,
struct super_operations *ops, unsigned long);
int __put_super(struct super_block *sb);
int __put_super_and_need_restart(struct super_block *sb);
void unnamed_dev_init(void);
/* Alas, no aliases. Too much hassle with bringing module.h everywhere */
#define fops_get(fops) \
(((fops) && try_module_get((fops)->owner) ? (fops) : NULL))
#define fops_put(fops) \
do { if (fops) module_put((fops)->owner); } while(0)
extern int register_filesystem(struct file_system_type *);
extern int unregister_filesystem(struct file_system_type *);
extern struct vfsmount *kern_mount(struct file_system_type *);
extern int may_umount_tree(struct vfsmount *);
extern int may_umount(struct vfsmount *);
extern long do_mount(char *, char *, char *, unsigned long, void *);
extern int vfs_statfs(struct super_block *, struct kstatfs *);
extern int locks_mandatory_locked(struct inode *);
extern int locks_mandatory_area(int, struct inode *, struct file *, loff_t, size_t);
* Candidates for mandatory locking have the setgid bit set
* but no group execute bit - an otherwise meaningless combination.
#define MANDATORY_LOCK(inode) \
(IS_MANDLOCK(inode) && ((inode)->i_mode & (S_ISGID | S_IXGRP)) == S_ISGID)
static inline int locks_verify_locked(struct inode *inode)
if (MANDATORY_LOCK(inode))
return locks_mandatory_locked(inode);
return 0;
extern int rw_verify_area(int, struct file *, loff_t *, size_t);
static inline int locks_verify_truncate(struct inode *inode,
struct file *filp,
loff_t size)
if (inode->i_flock && MANDATORY_LOCK(inode))
return locks_mandatory_area(
FLOCK_VERIFY_WRITE, inode, filp,
size < inode->i_size ? size : inode->i_size,
(size < inode->i_size ? inode->i_size - size
: size - inode->i_size)
return 0;
static inline int break_lease(struct inode *inode, unsigned int mode)
if (inode->i_flock)
return __break_lease(inode, mode);
return 0;
/* fs/open.c */
extern int do_truncate(struct dentry *, loff_t start);
extern struct file *filp_open(const char *, int, int);
extern struct file * dentry_open(struct dentry *, struct vfsmount *, int);
extern int filp_close(struct file *, fl_owner_t id);
extern char * getname(const char __user *);
/* fs/dcache.c */
extern void __init vfs_caches_init_early(void);
extern void __init vfs_caches_init(unsigned long);
#define __getname() kmem_cache_alloc(names_cachep, SLAB_KERNEL)
#define __putname(name) kmem_cache_free(names_cachep, (void *)(name))
#define putname(name) __putname(name)
extern void putname(const char *name);
extern int register_blkdev(unsigned int, const char *);
extern int unregister_blkdev(unsigned int, const char *);
extern struct block_device *bdget(dev_t);
extern void bd_set_size(struct block_device *, loff_t size);
extern void bd_forget(struct inode *inode);
extern void bdput(struct block_device *);
extern struct block_device *open_by_devnum(dev_t, unsigned);
extern struct file_operations def_blk_fops;
extern struct address_space_operations def_blk_aops;
extern struct file_operations def_chr_fops;
extern struct file_operations bad_sock_fops;
extern struct file_operations def_fifo_fops;
extern int ioctl_by_bdev(struct block_device *, unsigned, unsigned long);
extern int blkdev_ioctl(struct inode *, struct file *, unsigned, unsigned long);
extern long compat_blkdev_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned, unsigned long);
extern int blkdev_get(struct block_device *, mode_t, unsigned);
extern int blkdev_put(struct block_device *);
extern int bd_claim(struct block_device *, void *);
extern void bd_release(struct block_device *);
/* fs/char_dev.c */
extern int alloc_chrdev_region(dev_t *, unsigned, unsigned, const char *);
extern int register_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned, const char *);
extern int register_chrdev(unsigned int, const char *,
struct file_operations *);
extern int unregister_chrdev(unsigned int, const char *);
extern void unregister_chrdev_region(dev_t, unsigned);
extern int chrdev_open(struct inode *, struct file *);
/* fs/block_dev.c */
#define BDEVNAME_SIZE 32 /* Largest string for a blockdev identifier */
extern const char *__bdevname(dev_t, char *buffer);
extern const char *bdevname(struct block_device *bdev, char *buffer);
extern struct block_device *lookup_bdev(const char *);
extern struct block_device *open_bdev_excl(const char *, int, void *);
extern void close_bdev_excl(struct block_device *);
extern void init_special_inode(struct inode *, umode_t, dev_t);
/* Invalid inode operations -- fs/bad_inode.c */
extern void make_bad_inode(struct inode *);
extern int is_bad_inode(struct inode *);
extern struct file_operations read_fifo_fops;
extern struct file_operations write_fifo_fops;
extern struct file_operations rdwr_fifo_fops;
extern struct file_operations read_pipe_fops;
extern struct file_operations write_pipe_fops;
extern struct file_operations rdwr_pipe_fops;
extern int fs_may_remount_ro(struct super_block *);
* return READ, READA, or WRITE
#define bio_rw(bio) ((bio)->bi_rw & (RW_MASK | RWA_MASK))
* return data direction, READ or WRITE
#define bio_data_dir(bio) ((bio)->bi_rw & 1)
extern int check_disk_change(struct block_device *);
extern int invalidate_inodes(struct super_block *);
extern int __invalidate_device(struct block_device *);
extern int invalidate_partition(struct gendisk *, int);
unsigned long invalidate_mapping_pages(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end);
unsigned long invalidate_inode_pages(struct address_space *mapping);
static inline void invalidate_remote_inode(struct inode *inode)
if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) || S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) ||
extern int invalidate_inode_pages2(struct address_space *mapping);
extern int invalidate_inode_pages2_range(struct address_space *mapping,
pgoff_t start, pgoff_t end);
extern int write_inode_now(struct inode *, int);
extern int filemap_fdatawrite(struct address_space *);
extern int filemap_flush(struct address_space *);
extern int filemap_fdatawait(struct address_space *);
extern int filemap_write_and_wait(struct address_space *mapping);
extern int filemap_write_and_wait_range(struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t lstart, loff_t lend);
extern void sync_supers(void);
extern void sync_filesystems(int wait);
extern void emergency_sync(void);
extern void emergency_remount(void);
extern int do_remount_sb(struct super_block *sb, int flags,
void *data, int force);
extern sector_t bmap(struct inode *, sector_t);
extern int notify_change(struct dentry *, struct iattr *);
extern int permission(struct inode *, int, struct nameidata *);
extern int generic_permission(struct inode *, int,
int (*check_acl)(struct inode *, int));
extern int get_write_access(struct inode *);
extern int deny_write_access(struct file *);
static inline void put_write_access(struct inode * inode)
static inline void allow_write_access(struct file *file)
if (file)
extern int do_pipe(int *);
extern int open_namei(const char *, int, int, struct nameidata *);
extern int may_open(struct nameidata *, int, int);
extern int kernel_read(struct file *, unsigned long, char *, unsigned long);
extern struct file * open_exec(const char *);
/* fs/dcache.c -- generic fs support functions */
extern int is_subdir(struct dentry *, struct dentry *);
extern ino_t find_inode_number(struct dentry *, struct qstr *);
#include <linux/err.h>
/* needed for stackable file system support */
extern loff_t default_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin);
extern loff_t vfs_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin);
extern void inode_init_once(struct inode *);
extern void iput(struct inode *);
extern struct inode * igrab(struct inode *);
extern ino_t iunique(struct super_block *, ino_t);
extern int inode_needs_sync(struct inode *inode);
extern void generic_delete_inode(struct inode *inode);
extern void generic_drop_inode(struct inode *inode);
extern struct inode *ilookup5(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long hashval,
int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), void *data);
extern struct inode *ilookup(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino);
extern struct inode * iget5_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long, int (*test)(struct inode *, void *), int (*set)(struct inode *, void *), void *);
extern struct inode * iget_locked(struct super_block *, unsigned long);
extern void unlock_new_inode(struct inode *);
static inline struct inode *iget(struct super_block *sb, unsigned long ino)
struct inode *inode = iget_locked(sb, ino);
if (inode && (inode->i_state & I_NEW)) {
return inode;
extern void __iget(struct inode * inode);
extern void clear_inode(struct inode *);
extern void destroy_inode(struct inode *);
extern struct inode *new_inode(struct super_block *);
extern int remove_suid(struct dentry *);
extern void remove_dquot_ref(struct super_block *, int, struct list_head *);
extern struct semaphore iprune_sem;
extern void __insert_inode_hash(struct inode *, unsigned long hashval);
extern void remove_inode_hash(struct inode *);
static inline void insert_inode_hash(struct inode *inode) {
__insert_inode_hash(inode, inode->i_ino);
extern struct file * get_empty_filp(void);
extern void file_move(struct file *f, struct list_head *list);
extern void file_kill(struct file *f);
struct bio;
extern void submit_bio(int, struct bio *);
extern int bdev_read_only(struct block_device *);
extern int set_blocksize(struct block_device *, int);
extern int sb_set_blocksize(struct super_block *, int);
extern int sb_min_blocksize(struct super_block *, int);
extern int generic_file_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *);
extern int generic_file_readonly_mmap(struct file *, struct vm_area_struct *);
extern int file_read_actor(read_descriptor_t * desc, struct page *page, unsigned long offset, unsigned long size);
extern int file_send_actor(read_descriptor_t * desc, struct page *page, unsigned long offset, unsigned long size);
extern ssize_t generic_file_read(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
int generic_write_checks(struct file *file, loff_t *pos, size_t *count, int isblk);
extern ssize_t generic_file_write(struct file *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
extern ssize_t generic_file_aio_read(struct kiocb *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t);
extern ssize_t __generic_file_aio_read(struct kiocb *, const struct iovec *, unsigned long, loff_t *);
extern ssize_t generic_file_aio_write(struct kiocb *, const char __user *, size_t, loff_t);
extern ssize_t generic_file_aio_write_nolock(struct kiocb *, const struct iovec *,
unsigned long, loff_t *);
extern ssize_t generic_file_direct_write(struct kiocb *, const struct iovec *,
unsigned long *, loff_t, loff_t *, size_t, size_t);
extern ssize_t generic_file_buffered_write(struct kiocb *, const struct iovec *,
unsigned long, loff_t, loff_t *, size_t, ssize_t);
extern ssize_t do_sync_read(struct file *filp, char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos);
extern ssize_t do_sync_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *buf, size_t len, loff_t *ppos);
ssize_t generic_file_write_nolock(struct file *file, const struct iovec *iov,
unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t *ppos);
extern ssize_t generic_file_sendfile(struct file *, loff_t *, size_t, read_actor_t, void *);
extern void do_generic_mapping_read(struct address_space *mapping,
struct file_ra_state *, struct file *,
loff_t *, read_descriptor_t *, read_actor_t);
extern void
file_ra_state_init(struct file_ra_state *ra, struct address_space *mapping);
extern ssize_t generic_file_direct_IO(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb,
const struct iovec *iov, loff_t offset, unsigned long nr_segs);
extern ssize_t generic_file_readv(struct file *filp, const struct iovec *iov,
unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t *ppos);
ssize_t generic_file_writev(struct file *filp, const struct iovec *iov,
unsigned long nr_segs, loff_t *ppos);
extern loff_t no_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin);
extern loff_t generic_file_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin);
extern loff_t remote_llseek(struct file *file, loff_t offset, int origin);
extern int generic_file_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp);
extern int nonseekable_open(struct inode * inode, struct file * filp);
extern ssize_t xip_file_read(struct file *filp, char __user *buf, size_t len,
loff_t *ppos);
extern ssize_t xip_file_sendfile(struct file *in_file, loff_t *ppos,
size_t count, read_actor_t actor,
void *target);
extern int xip_file_mmap(struct file * file, struct vm_area_struct * vma);
extern ssize_t xip_file_write(struct file *filp, const char __user *buf,
size_t len, loff_t *ppos);
extern int xip_truncate_page(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from);
static inline int xip_truncate_page(struct address_space *mapping, loff_t from)
return 0;
static inline void do_generic_file_read(struct file * filp, loff_t *ppos,
read_descriptor_t * desc,
read_actor_t actor)
ssize_t __blockdev_direct_IO(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb, struct inode *inode,
struct block_device *bdev, const struct iovec *iov, loff_t offset,
unsigned long nr_segs, get_blocks_t get_blocks, dio_iodone_t end_io,
int lock_type);
enum {
DIO_LOCKING = 1, /* need locking between buffered and direct access */
DIO_NO_LOCKING, /* bdev; no locking at all between buffered/direct */
DIO_OWN_LOCKING, /* filesystem locks buffered and direct internally */
static inline ssize_t blockdev_direct_IO(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb,
struct inode *inode, struct block_device *bdev, const struct iovec *iov,
loff_t offset, unsigned long nr_segs, get_blocks_t get_blocks,
dio_iodone_t end_io)
return __blockdev_direct_IO(rw, iocb, inode, bdev, iov, offset,
nr_segs, get_blocks, end_io, DIO_LOCKING);
static inline ssize_t blockdev_direct_IO_no_locking(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb,
struct inode *inode, struct block_device *bdev, const struct iovec *iov,
loff_t offset, unsigned long nr_segs, get_blocks_t get_blocks,
dio_iodone_t end_io)
return __blockdev_direct_IO(rw, iocb, inode, bdev, iov, offset,
nr_segs, get_blocks, end_io, DIO_NO_LOCKING);
static inline ssize_t blockdev_direct_IO_own_locking(int rw, struct kiocb *iocb,
struct inode *inode, struct block_device *bdev, const struct iovec *iov,
loff_t offset, unsigned long nr_segs, get_blocks_t get_blocks,
dio_iodone_t end_io)
return __blockdev_direct_IO(rw, iocb, inode, bdev, iov, offset,
nr_segs, get_blocks, end_io, DIO_OWN_LOCKING);
extern struct file_operations generic_ro_fops;
#define special_file(m) (S_ISCHR(m)||S_ISBLK(m)||S_ISFIFO(m)||S_ISSOCK(m))
extern int vfs_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int, const char *);
extern int vfs_follow_link(struct nameidata *, const char *);
extern int page_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int);
extern int page_follow_link_light(struct dentry *, struct nameidata *);
extern void page_put_link(struct dentry *, struct nameidata *);
extern int page_symlink(struct inode *inode, const char *symname, int len);
extern struct inode_operations page_symlink_inode_operations;
extern int generic_readlink(struct dentry *, char __user *, int);
extern void generic_fillattr(struct inode *, struct kstat *);
extern int vfs_getattr(struct vfsmount *, struct dentry *, struct kstat *);
void inode_add_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes);
void inode_sub_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes);
loff_t inode_get_bytes(struct inode *inode);
void inode_set_bytes(struct inode *inode, loff_t bytes);
extern int vfs_readdir(struct file *, filldir_t, void *);
extern int vfs_stat(char __user *, struct kstat *);
extern int vfs_lstat(char __user *, struct kstat *);
extern int vfs_fstat(unsigned int, struct kstat *);
extern int vfs_ioctl(struct file *, unsigned int, unsigned int, unsigned long);
extern struct file_system_type *get_fs_type(const char *name);
extern struct super_block *get_super(struct block_device *);
extern struct super_block *user_get_super(dev_t);
extern void drop_super(struct super_block *sb);
extern int dcache_dir_open(struct inode *, struct file *);
extern int dcache_dir_close(struct inode *, struct file *);
extern loff_t dcache_dir_lseek(struct file *, loff_t, int);
extern int dcache_readdir(struct file *, void *, filldir_t);
extern int simple_getattr(struct vfsmount *, struct dentry *, struct kstat *);
extern int simple_statfs(struct super_block *, struct kstatfs *);
extern int simple_link(struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *);
extern int simple_unlink(struct inode *, struct dentry *);
extern int simple_rmdir(struct inode *, struct dentry *);
extern int simple_rename(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct inode *, struct dentry *);
extern int simple_sync_file(struct file *, struct dentry *, int);
extern int simple_empty(struct dentry *);
extern int simple_readpage(struct file *file, struct page *page);
extern int simple_prepare_write(struct file *file, struct page *page,
unsigned offset, unsigned to);
extern int simple_commit_write(struct file *file, struct page *page,
unsigned offset, unsigned to);
extern struct dentry *simple_lookup(struct inode *, struct dentry *, struct nameidata *);
extern ssize_t generic_read_dir(struct file *, char __user *, size_t, loff_t *);
extern struct file_operations simple_dir_operations;
extern struct inode_operations simple_dir_inode_operations;
struct tree_descr { char *name; struct file_operations *ops; int mode; };
struct dentry *d_alloc_name(struct dentry *, const char *);
extern int simple_fill_super(struct super_block *, int, struct tree_descr *);
extern int simple_pin_fs(char *name, struct vfsmount **mount, int *count);
extern void simple_release_fs(struct vfsmount **mount, int *count);
extern ssize_t simple_read_from_buffer(void __user *, size_t, loff_t *, const void *, size_t);
extern int inode_change_ok(struct inode *, struct iattr *);
extern int __must_check inode_setattr(struct inode *, struct iattr *);
extern void inode_update_time(struct inode *inode, int ctime_too);
static inline ino_t parent_ino(struct dentry *dentry)
ino_t res;
res = dentry->d_parent->d_inode->i_ino;
return res;
/* kernel/fork.c */
extern int unshare_files(void);
/* Transaction based IO helpers */
* An argresp is stored in an allocated page and holds the
* size of the argument or response, along with its content
struct simple_transaction_argresp {
ssize_t size;
char data[0];
#define SIMPLE_TRANSACTION_LIMIT (PAGE_SIZE - sizeof(struct simple_transaction_argresp))
char *simple_transaction_get(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t size);
ssize_t simple_transaction_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
size_t size, loff_t *pos);
int simple_transaction_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file);
static inline void simple_transaction_set(struct file *file, size_t n)
struct simple_transaction_argresp *ar = file->private_data;
* The barrier ensures that ar->size will really remain zero until
* ar->data is ready for reading.
ar->size = n;
* simple attribute files
* These attributes behave similar to those in sysfs:
* Writing to an attribute immediately sets a value, an open file can be
* written to multiple times.
* Reading from an attribute creates a buffer from the value that might get
* read with multiple read calls. When the attribute has been read
* completely, no further read calls are possible until the file is opened
* again.
* All attributes contain a text representation of a numeric value
* that are accessed with the get() and set() functions.
#define DEFINE_SIMPLE_ATTRIBUTE(__fops, __get, __set, __fmt) \
static int __fops ## _open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file) \
{ \
__simple_attr_check_format(__fmt, 0ull); \
return simple_attr_open(inode, file, __get, __set, __fmt); \
} \
static struct file_operations __fops = { \
.owner = THIS_MODULE, \
.open = __fops ## _open, \
.release = simple_attr_close, \
.read = simple_attr_read, \
.write = simple_attr_write, \
static inline void __attribute__((format(printf, 1, 2)))
__simple_attr_check_format(const char *fmt, ...)
/* don't do anything, just let the compiler check the arguments; */
int simple_attr_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file,
u64 (*get)(void *), void (*set)(void *, u64),
const char *fmt);
int simple_attr_close(struct inode *inode, struct file *file);
ssize_t simple_attr_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf,
size_t len, loff_t *ppos);
ssize_t simple_attr_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf,
size_t len, loff_t *ppos);
static inline char *alloc_secdata(void)
return (char *)get_zeroed_page(GFP_KERNEL);
static inline void free_secdata(void *secdata)
free_page((unsigned long)secdata);
static inline char *alloc_secdata(void)
return (char *)1;
static inline void free_secdata(void *secdata)
{ }
#endif /* CONFIG_SECURITY */
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _LINUX_FS_H */