Revert "mm/gup: remove try_get_page(), call try_get_compound_head() directly"

This reverts commit 9857a17f206ff374aea78bccfb687f145368be2e.

That commit was completely broken, and I should have caught on to it
earlier.  But happily, the kernel test robot noticed the breakage fairly

The breakage is because "try_get_page()" is about avoiding the page
reference count overflow case, but is otherwise the exact same as a
plain "get_page()".

In contrast, "try_get_compound_head()" is an entirely different beast,
and uses __page_cache_add_speculative() because it's not just about the
page reference count, but also about possibly racing with the underlying
page going away.

So all the commentary about how

 "try_get_page() has fallen a little behind in terms of maintenance,
  try_get_compound_head() handles speculative page references more

was just completely wrong: yes, try_get_compound_head() handles
speculative page references, but the point is that try_get_page() does
not, and must not.

So there's no lack of maintainance - there are fundamentally different

A speculative page reference would be entirely wrong in "get_page()",
and it's entirely wrong in "try_get_page()".  It's not about
speculation, it's purely about "uhhuh, you can't get this page because
you've tried to increment the reference count too much already".

The reason the kernel test robot noticed this bug was that it hit the
VM_BUG_ON() in __page_cache_add_speculative(), which is all about
verifying that the context of any speculative page access is correct.
But since that isn't what try_get_page() is all about, the VM_BUG_ON()
tests things that are not correct to test for try_get_page().

Reported-by: kernel test robot <>
Cc: John Hubbard <>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <>
Cc: Andrew Morton <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
4 files changed