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S/390 common I/O-Layer - command line parameters, procfs and debugfs entries
Command line parameters
* cio_msg = yes | no
Determines whether information on found devices and sensed device
characteristics should be shown during startup or when new devices are
found, i. e. messages of the types "Detected device 0.0.4711 on subchannel
0.0.0042" and "SenseID: Device 0.0.4711 reports: ...".
Default is off.
* cio_ignore = {all} |
{<device> | <range of devices>} |
{!<device> | !<range of devices>}
The given devices will be ignored by the common I/O-layer; no detection
and device sensing will be done on any of those devices. The subchannel to
which the device in question is attached will be treated as if no device was
An ignored device can be un-ignored later; see the "/proc entries"-section for
The devices must be given either as bus ids (0.x.abcd) or as hexadecimal
device numbers (0xabcd or abcd, for 2.4 backward compatibility). If you
give a device number 0xabcd, it will be interpreted as 0.0.abcd.
You can use the 'all' keyword to ignore all devices.
The '!' operator will cause the I/O-layer to _not_ ignore a device.
The command line is parsed from left to right.
For example,
will ignore all devices ranging from 0.0.0023 to 0.0.0042 and the device
0.0.4711, if detected.
As another example,
will ignore all devices but 0.0.4711, 0.0.fd00, 0.0.fd01, 0.0.fd02.
By default, no devices are ignored.
/proc entries
* /proc/cio_ignore
Lists the ranges of devices (by bus id) which are ignored by common I/O.
You can un-ignore certain or all devices by piping to /proc/cio_ignore.
"free all" will un-ignore all ignored devices,
"free <device range>, <device range>, ..." will un-ignore the specified
For example, if devices 0.0.0023 to 0.0.0042 and 0.0.4711 are ignored,
- echo free 0.0.0030-0.0.0032 > /proc/cio_ignore
will un-ignore devices 0.0.0030 to 0.0.0032 and will leave devices 0.0.0023
to 0.0.002f, 0.0.0033 to 0.0.0042 and 0.0.4711 ignored;
- echo free 0.0.0041 > /proc/cio_ignore will furthermore un-ignore device
- echo free all > /proc/cio_ignore will un-ignore all remaining ignored
When a device is un-ignored, device recognition and sensing is performed and
the device driver will be notified if possible, so the device will become
available to the system. Note that un-ignoring is performed asynchronously.
You can also add ranges of devices to be ignored by piping to
/proc/cio_ignore; "add <device range>, <device range>, ..." will ignore the
specified devices.
Note: While already known devices can be added to the list of devices to be
ignored, there will be no effect on then. However, if such a device
disappears and then reappears, it will then be ignored.
For example,
"echo add 0.0.a000-0.0.accc, 0.0.af00-0.0.afff > /proc/cio_ignore"
will add 0.0.a000-0.0.accc and 0.0.af00-0.0.afff to the list of ignored
The devices can be specified either by bus id (0.x.abcd) or, for 2.4 backward
compatibility, by the device number in hexadecimal (0xabcd or abcd). Device
numbers given as 0xabcd will be interpreted as 0.0.abcd.
* For some of the information present in the /proc filesystem in 2.4 (namely,
/proc/subchannels and /proc/chpids), see driver-model.txt.
Information formerly in /proc/irq_count is now in /proc/interrupts.
debugfs entries
* /sys/kernel/debug/s390dbf/cio_*/ (S/390 debug feature)
Some views generated by the debug feature to hold various debug outputs.
- /sys/kernel/debug/s390dbf/cio_crw/sprintf
Messages from the processing of pending channel report words (machine check
- /sys/kernel/debug/s390dbf/cio_msg/sprintf
Various debug messages from the common I/O-layer, including messages
printed when cio_msg=yes.
- /sys/kernel/debug/s390dbf/cio_trace/hex_ascii
Logs the calling of functions in the common I/O-layer and, if applicable,
which subchannel they were called for, as well as dumps of some data
structures (like irb in an error case).
The level of logging can be changed to be more or less verbose by piping to
/sys/kernel/debug/s390dbf/cio_*/level a number between 0 and 6; see the
documentation on the S/390 debug feature (Documentation/s390/s390dbf.txt)
for details.