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I2C device driver binding control from user-space in old kernels
.. NOTE::
Note: this section is only relevant if you are handling some old code
found in kernel 2.6. If you work with more recent kernels, you can
safely skip this section.
Up to kernel 2.6.32, many I2C drivers used helper macros provided by
<linux/i2c.h> which created standard module parameters to let the user
control how the driver would probe I2C buses and attach to devices. These
parameters were known as ``probe`` (to let the driver probe for an extra
address), ``force`` (to forcibly attach the driver to a given device) and
``ignore`` (to prevent a driver from probing a given address).
With the conversion of the I2C subsystem to the standard device driver
binding model, it became clear that these per-module parameters were no
longer needed, and that a centralized implementation was possible. The new,
sysfs-based interface is described in
Documentation/i2c/instantiating-devices.rst, section
"Method 4: Instantiate from user-space".
Below is a mapping from the old module parameters to the new interface.
Attaching a driver to an I2C device
Old method (module parameters)::
# modprobe <driver> probe=1,0x2d
# modprobe <driver> force=1,0x2d
# modprobe <driver> force_<device>=1,0x2d
New method (sysfs interface)::
# echo <device> 0x2d > /sys/bus/i2c/devices/i2c-1/new_device
Preventing a driver from attaching to an I2C device
Old method (module parameters)::
# modprobe <driver> ignore=1,0x2f
New method (sysfs interface)::
# echo dummy 0x2f > /sys/bus/i2c/devices/i2c-1/new_device
# modprobe <driver>
Of course, it is important to instantiate the ``dummy`` device before loading
the driver. The dummy device will be handled by i2c-core itself, preventing
other drivers from binding to it later on. If there is a real device at the
problematic address, and you want another driver to bind to it, then simply
pass the name of the device in question instead of ``dummy``.