scheduler: replace migration_thread with cpu_stop

Currently migration_thread is serving three purposes - migration
pusher, context to execute active_load_balance() and forced context
switcher for expedited RCU synchronize_sched.  All three roles are
hardcoded into migration_thread() and determining which job is
scheduled is slightly messy.

This patch kills migration_thread and replaces all three uses with
cpu_stop.  The three different roles of migration_thread() are
splitted into three separate cpu_stop callbacks -
migration_cpu_stop(), active_load_balance_cpu_stop() and
synchronize_sched_expedited_cpu_stop() - and each use case now simply
asks cpu_stop to execute the callback as necessary.

synchronize_sched_expedited() was implemented with private
preallocated resources and custom multi-cpu queueing and waiting
logic, both of which are provided by cpu_stop.
synchronize_sched_expedited_count is made atomic and all other shared
resources along with the mutex are dropped.

synchronize_sched_expedited() also implemented a check to detect cases
where not all the callback got executed on their assigned cpus and
fall back to synchronize_sched().  If called with cpu hotplug blocked,
cpu_stop already guarantees that and the condition cannot happen;
otherwise, stop_machine() would break.  However, this patch preserves
the paranoid check using a cpumask to record on which cpus the stopper
ran so that it can serve as a bisection point if something actually
goes wrong theree.

Because the internal execution state is no longer visible,
rcu_expedited_torture_stats() is removed.

This patch also renames cpu_stop threads to from "stopper/%d" to
"migration/%d".  The names of these threads ultimately don't matter
and there's no reason to make unnecessary userland visible changes.

With this patch applied, stop_machine() and sched now share the same
resources.  stop_machine() is faster without wasting any resources and
sched migration users are much cleaner.

Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <>
Cc: Dipankar Sarma <>
Cc: Josh Triplett <>
Cc: Paul E. McKenney <>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <>
Cc: Dimitri Sivanich <>
7 files changed