blob: 74a84eb33b9046ee8d047608ddea551947c6dd63 [file] [log] [blame]
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
/*
* mm/mmap.c
*
* Written by obz.
*
* Address space accounting code <alan@lxorguk.ukuu.org.uk>
*/
#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/backing-dev.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/mm_inline.h>
#include <linux/shm.h>
#include <linux/mman.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/personality.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/shmem_fs.h>
#include <linux/profile.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/mempolicy.h>
#include <linux/rmap.h>
#include <linux/mmu_notifier.h>
#include <linux/mmdebug.h>
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>
#include <linux/khugepaged.h>
#include <linux/uprobes.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/memory.h>
#include <linux/printk.h>
#include <linux/userfaultfd_k.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/pkeys.h>
#include <linux/oom.h>
#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/tlb.h>
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#define CREATE_TRACE_POINTS
#include <trace/events/mmap.h>
#include "internal.h"
#ifndef arch_mmap_check
#define arch_mmap_check(addr, len, flags) (0)
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS
const int mmap_rnd_bits_min = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS_MIN;
const int mmap_rnd_bits_max = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS_MAX;
int mmap_rnd_bits __read_mostly = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_BITS;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS
const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_min = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS_MIN;
const int mmap_rnd_compat_bits_max = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS_MAX;
int mmap_rnd_compat_bits __read_mostly = CONFIG_ARCH_MMAP_RND_COMPAT_BITS;
#endif
static bool ignore_rlimit_data;
core_param(ignore_rlimit_data, ignore_rlimit_data, bool, 0644);
static void unmap_region(struct mm_struct *mm, struct maple_tree *mt,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev,
struct vm_area_struct *next, unsigned long start,
unsigned long end);
static pgprot_t vm_pgprot_modify(pgprot_t oldprot, unsigned long vm_flags)
{
return pgprot_modify(oldprot, vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags));
}
/* Update vma->vm_page_prot to reflect vma->vm_flags. */
void vma_set_page_prot(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
unsigned long vm_flags = vma->vm_flags;
pgprot_t vm_page_prot;
vm_page_prot = vm_pgprot_modify(vma->vm_page_prot, vm_flags);
if (vma_wants_writenotify(vma, vm_page_prot)) {
vm_flags &= ~VM_SHARED;
vm_page_prot = vm_pgprot_modify(vm_page_prot, vm_flags);
}
/* remove_protection_ptes reads vma->vm_page_prot without mmap_lock */
WRITE_ONCE(vma->vm_page_prot, vm_page_prot);
}
/*
* Requires inode->i_mapping->i_mmap_rwsem
*/
static void __remove_shared_vm_struct(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping)
{
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
mapping_unmap_writable(mapping);
flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping);
vma_interval_tree_remove(vma, &mapping->i_mmap);
flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping);
}
/*
* Unlink a file-based vm structure from its interval tree, to hide
* vma from rmap and vmtruncate before freeing its page tables.
*/
void unlink_file_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
struct file *file = vma->vm_file;
if (file) {
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
i_mmap_lock_write(mapping);
__remove_shared_vm_struct(vma, file, mapping);
i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping);
}
}
/*
* Close a vm structure and free it.
*/
static void remove_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
might_sleep();
if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->close)
vma->vm_ops->close(vma);
if (vma->vm_file)
fput(vma->vm_file);
mpol_put(vma_policy(vma));
vm_area_free(vma);
}
/*
* check_brk_limits() - Use platform specific check of range & verify mlock
* limits.
* @addr: The address to check
* @len: The size of increase.
*
* Return: 0 on success.
*/
static int check_brk_limits(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len)
{
unsigned long mapped_addr;
mapped_addr = get_unmapped_area(NULL, addr, len, 0, MAP_FIXED);
if (IS_ERR_VALUE(mapped_addr))
return mapped_addr;
return mlock_future_check(current->mm, current->mm->def_flags, len);
}
static int do_brk_munmap(struct ma_state *mas, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long newbrk, unsigned long oldbrk,
struct list_head *uf);
static int do_brk_flags(struct ma_state *mas, struct vm_area_struct *brkvma,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long request, unsigned long flags);
SYSCALL_DEFINE1(brk, unsigned long, brk)
{
unsigned long newbrk, oldbrk, origbrk;
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct vm_area_struct *brkvma, *next = NULL;
unsigned long min_brk;
bool populate;
bool downgraded = false;
LIST_HEAD(uf);
MA_STATE(mas, &mm->mm_mt, 0, 0);
if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm))
return -EINTR;
origbrk = mm->brk;
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK
/*
* CONFIG_COMPAT_BRK can still be overridden by setting
* randomize_va_space to 2, which will still cause mm->start_brk
* to be arbitrarily shifted
*/
if (current->brk_randomized)
min_brk = mm->start_brk;
else
min_brk = mm->end_data;
#else
min_brk = mm->start_brk;
#endif
if (brk < min_brk)
goto out;
/*
* Check against rlimit here. If this check is done later after the test
* of oldbrk with newbrk then it can escape the test and let the data
* segment grow beyond its set limit the in case where the limit is
* not page aligned -Ram Gupta
*/
if (check_data_rlimit(rlimit(RLIMIT_DATA), brk, mm->start_brk,
mm->end_data, mm->start_data))
goto out;
newbrk = PAGE_ALIGN(brk);
oldbrk = PAGE_ALIGN(mm->brk);
if (oldbrk == newbrk) {
mm->brk = brk;
goto success;
}
/*
* Always allow shrinking brk.
* do_brk_munmap() may downgrade mmap_lock to read.
*/
if (brk <= mm->brk) {
int ret;
/* Search one past newbrk */
mas_set(&mas, newbrk);
brkvma = mas_find(&mas, oldbrk);
BUG_ON(brkvma == NULL);
if (brkvma->vm_start >= oldbrk)
goto out; /* mapping intersects with an existing non-brk vma. */
/*
* mm->brk must be protected by write mmap_lock.
* do_brk_munmap() may downgrade the lock, so update it
* before calling do_brk_munmap().
*/
mm->brk = brk;
ret = do_brk_munmap(&mas, brkvma, newbrk, oldbrk, &uf);
if (ret == 1) {
downgraded = true;
goto success;
} else if (!ret)
goto success;
mm->brk = origbrk;
goto out;
}
if (check_brk_limits(oldbrk, newbrk - oldbrk))
goto out;
/*
* Only check if the next VMA is within the stack_guard_gap of the
* expansion area
*/
mas_set(&mas, oldbrk);
next = mas_find(&mas, newbrk - 1 + PAGE_SIZE + stack_guard_gap);
if (next && newbrk + PAGE_SIZE > vm_start_gap(next))
goto out;
brkvma = mas_prev(&mas, mm->start_brk);
/* Ok, looks good - let it rip. */
if (do_brk_flags(&mas, brkvma, oldbrk, newbrk - oldbrk, 0) < 0)
goto out;
mm->brk = brk;
success:
populate = newbrk > oldbrk && (mm->def_flags & VM_LOCKED) != 0;
if (downgraded)
mmap_read_unlock(mm);
else
mmap_write_unlock(mm);
userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf);
if (populate)
mm_populate(oldbrk, newbrk - oldbrk);
return brk;
out:
mmap_write_unlock(mm);
return origbrk;
}
#if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_MAPLE_TREE)
extern void mt_validate(struct maple_tree *mt);
extern void mt_dump(const struct maple_tree *mt);
/* Validate the maple tree */
static void validate_mm_mt(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
struct maple_tree *mt = &mm->mm_mt;
struct vm_area_struct *vma_mt;
MA_STATE(mas, mt, 0, 0);
mt_validate(&mm->mm_mt);
mas_for_each(&mas, vma_mt, ULONG_MAX) {
if ((vma_mt->vm_start != mas.index) ||
(vma_mt->vm_end - 1 != mas.last)) {
pr_emerg("issue in %s\n", current->comm);
dump_stack();
dump_vma(vma_mt);
pr_emerg("mt piv: %p %lu - %lu\n", vma_mt,
mas.index, mas.last);
pr_emerg("mt vma: %p %lu - %lu\n", vma_mt,
vma_mt->vm_start, vma_mt->vm_end);
mt_dump(mas.tree);
if (vma_mt->vm_end != mas.last + 1) {
pr_err("vma: %p vma_mt %lu-%lu\tmt %lu-%lu\n",
mm, vma_mt->vm_start, vma_mt->vm_end,
mas.index, mas.last);
mt_dump(mas.tree);
}
VM_BUG_ON_MM(vma_mt->vm_end != mas.last + 1, mm);
if (vma_mt->vm_start != mas.index) {
pr_err("vma: %p vma_mt %p %lu - %lu doesn't match\n",
mm, vma_mt, vma_mt->vm_start, vma_mt->vm_end);
mt_dump(mas.tree);
}
VM_BUG_ON_MM(vma_mt->vm_start != mas.index, mm);
}
}
}
static void validate_mm(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
int bug = 0;
int i = 0;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
MA_STATE(mas, &mm->mm_mt, 0, 0);
validate_mm_mt(mm);
mas_for_each(&mas, vma, ULONG_MAX) {
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_RB
struct anon_vma *anon_vma = vma->anon_vma;
struct anon_vma_chain *avc;
if (anon_vma) {
anon_vma_lock_read(anon_vma);
list_for_each_entry(avc, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma)
anon_vma_interval_tree_verify(avc);
anon_vma_unlock_read(anon_vma);
}
#endif
i++;
}
if (i != mm->map_count) {
pr_emerg("map_count %d mas_for_each %d\n", mm->map_count, i);
bug = 1;
}
VM_BUG_ON_MM(bug, mm);
}
#else /* !CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_MAPLE_TREE */
#define validate_mm_mt(root) do { } while (0)
#define validate_mm(mm) do { } while (0)
#endif /* CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_MAPLE_TREE */
/*
* vma has some anon_vma assigned, and is already inserted on that
* anon_vma's interval trees.
*
* Before updating the vma's vm_start / vm_end / vm_pgoff fields, the
* vma must be removed from the anon_vma's interval trees using
* anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma().
*
* After the update, the vma will be reinserted using
* anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma().
*
* The entire update must be protected by exclusive mmap_lock and by
* the root anon_vma's mutex.
*/
static inline void
anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
struct anon_vma_chain *avc;
list_for_each_entry(avc, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma)
anon_vma_interval_tree_remove(avc, &avc->anon_vma->rb_root);
}
static inline void
anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
struct anon_vma_chain *avc;
list_for_each_entry(avc, &vma->anon_vma_chain, same_vma)
anon_vma_interval_tree_insert(avc, &avc->anon_vma->rb_root);
}
static unsigned long count_vma_pages_range(struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
{
VMA_ITERATOR(vmi, mm, addr);
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
unsigned long nr_pages = 0;
for_each_vma_range(vmi, vma, end) {
unsigned long vm_start = max(addr, vma->vm_start);
unsigned long vm_end = min(end, vma->vm_end);
nr_pages += PHYS_PFN(vm_end - vm_start);
}
return nr_pages;
}
static void __vma_link_file(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
struct address_space *mapping)
{
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
mapping_allow_writable(mapping);
flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping);
vma_interval_tree_insert(vma, &mapping->i_mmap);
flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping);
}
/*
* vma_mas_store() - Store a VMA in the maple tree.
* @vma: The vm_area_struct
* @mas: The maple state
*
* Efficient way to store a VMA in the maple tree when the @mas has already
* walked to the correct location.
*
* Note: the end address is inclusive in the maple tree.
*/
void vma_mas_store(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct ma_state *mas)
{
trace_vma_store(mas->tree, vma);
mas_set_range(mas, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - 1);
mas_store_prealloc(mas, vma);
}
/*
* vma_mas_remove() - Remove a VMA from the maple tree.
* @vma: The vm_area_struct
* @mas: The maple state
*
* Efficient way to remove a VMA from the maple tree when the @mas has already
* been established and points to the correct location.
* Note: the end address is inclusive in the maple tree.
*/
void vma_mas_remove(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct ma_state *mas)
{
trace_vma_mas_szero(mas->tree, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - 1);
mas->index = vma->vm_start;
mas->last = vma->vm_end - 1;
mas_store_prealloc(mas, NULL);
}
/*
* vma_mas_szero() - Set a given range to zero. Used when modifying a
* vm_area_struct start or end.
*
* @mas: The maple tree ma_state
* @start: The start address to zero
* @end: The end address to zero.
*/
static inline void vma_mas_szero(struct ma_state *mas, unsigned long start,
unsigned long end)
{
trace_vma_mas_szero(mas->tree, start, end - 1);
mas_set_range(mas, start, end - 1);
mas_store_prealloc(mas, NULL);
}
static int vma_link(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
MA_STATE(mas, &mm->mm_mt, 0, 0);
struct address_space *mapping = NULL;
if (mas_preallocate(&mas, vma, GFP_KERNEL))
return -ENOMEM;
if (vma->vm_file) {
mapping = vma->vm_file->f_mapping;
i_mmap_lock_write(mapping);
}
vma_mas_store(vma, &mas);
if (mapping) {
__vma_link_file(vma, mapping);
i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping);
}
mm->map_count++;
validate_mm(mm);
return 0;
}
/*
* vma_expand - Expand an existing VMA
*
* @mas: The maple state
* @vma: The vma to expand
* @start: The start of the vma
* @end: The exclusive end of the vma
* @pgoff: The page offset of vma
* @next: The current of next vma.
*
* Expand @vma to @start and @end. Can expand off the start and end. Will
* expand over @next if it's different from @vma and @end == @next->vm_end.
* Checking if the @vma can expand and merge with @next needs to be handled by
* the caller.
*
* Returns: 0 on success
*/
inline int vma_expand(struct ma_state *mas, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff,
struct vm_area_struct *next)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
struct address_space *mapping = NULL;
struct rb_root_cached *root = NULL;
struct anon_vma *anon_vma = vma->anon_vma;
struct file *file = vma->vm_file;
bool remove_next = false;
if (next && (vma != next) && (end == next->vm_end)) {
remove_next = true;
if (next->anon_vma && !vma->anon_vma) {
int error;
anon_vma = next->anon_vma;
vma->anon_vma = anon_vma;
error = anon_vma_clone(vma, next);
if (error)
return error;
}
}
/* Not merging but overwriting any part of next is not handled. */
VM_BUG_ON(next && !remove_next && next != vma && end > next->vm_start);
/* Only handles expanding */
VM_BUG_ON(vma->vm_start < start || vma->vm_end > end);
if (mas_preallocate(mas, vma, GFP_KERNEL))
goto nomem;
vma_adjust_trans_huge(vma, start, end, 0);
if (file) {
mapping = file->f_mapping;
root = &mapping->i_mmap;
uprobe_munmap(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end);
i_mmap_lock_write(mapping);
}
if (anon_vma) {
anon_vma_lock_write(anon_vma);
anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(vma);
}
if (file) {
flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping);
vma_interval_tree_remove(vma, root);
}
vma->vm_start = start;
vma->vm_end = end;
vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff;
/* Note: mas must be pointing to the expanding VMA */
vma_mas_store(vma, mas);
if (file) {
vma_interval_tree_insert(vma, root);
flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping);
}
/* Expanding over the next vma */
if (remove_next && file) {
__remove_shared_vm_struct(next, file, mapping);
}
if (anon_vma) {
anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(vma);
anon_vma_unlock_write(anon_vma);
}
if (file) {
i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping);
uprobe_mmap(vma);
}
if (remove_next) {
if (file) {
uprobe_munmap(next, next->vm_start, next->vm_end);
fput(file);
}
if (next->anon_vma)
anon_vma_merge(vma, next);
mm->map_count--;
mpol_put(vma_policy(next));
vm_area_free(next);
}
validate_mm(mm);
return 0;
nomem:
return -ENOMEM;
}
/*
* We cannot adjust vm_start, vm_end, vm_pgoff fields of a vma that
* is already present in an i_mmap tree without adjusting the tree.
* The following helper function should be used when such adjustments
* are necessary. The "insert" vma (if any) is to be inserted
* before we drop the necessary locks.
*/
int __vma_adjust(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long start,
unsigned long end, pgoff_t pgoff, struct vm_area_struct *insert,
struct vm_area_struct *expand)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
struct vm_area_struct *next_next = NULL; /* uninit var warning */
struct vm_area_struct *next = find_vma(mm, vma->vm_end);
struct vm_area_struct *orig_vma = vma;
struct address_space *mapping = NULL;
struct rb_root_cached *root = NULL;
struct anon_vma *anon_vma = NULL;
struct file *file = vma->vm_file;
bool vma_changed = false;
long adjust_next = 0;
int remove_next = 0;
MA_STATE(mas, &mm->mm_mt, 0, 0);
struct vm_area_struct *exporter = NULL, *importer = NULL;
if (next && !insert) {
if (end >= next->vm_end) {
/*
* vma expands, overlapping all the next, and
* perhaps the one after too (mprotect case 6).
* The only other cases that gets here are
* case 1, case 7 and case 8.
*/
if (next == expand) {
/*
* The only case where we don't expand "vma"
* and we expand "next" instead is case 8.
*/
VM_WARN_ON(end != next->vm_end);
/*
* remove_next == 3 means we're
* removing "vma" and that to do so we
* swapped "vma" and "next".
*/
remove_next = 3;
VM_WARN_ON(file != next->vm_file);
swap(vma, next);
} else {
VM_WARN_ON(expand != vma);
/*
* case 1, 6, 7, remove_next == 2 is case 6,
* remove_next == 1 is case 1 or 7.
*/
remove_next = 1 + (end > next->vm_end);
if (remove_next == 2)
next_next = find_vma(mm, next->vm_end);
VM_WARN_ON(remove_next == 2 &&
end != next_next->vm_end);
}
exporter = next;
importer = vma;
/*
* If next doesn't have anon_vma, import from vma after
* next, if the vma overlaps with it.
*/
if (remove_next == 2 && !next->anon_vma)
exporter = next_next;
} else if (end > next->vm_start) {
/*
* vma expands, overlapping part of the next:
* mprotect case 5 shifting the boundary up.
*/
adjust_next = (end - next->vm_start);
exporter = next;
importer = vma;
VM_WARN_ON(expand != importer);
} else if (end < vma->vm_end) {
/*
* vma shrinks, and !insert tells it's not
* split_vma inserting another: so it must be
* mprotect case 4 shifting the boundary down.
*/
adjust_next = -(vma->vm_end - end);
exporter = vma;
importer = next;
VM_WARN_ON(expand != importer);
}
/*
* Easily overlooked: when mprotect shifts the boundary,
* make sure the expanding vma has anon_vma set if the
* shrinking vma had, to cover any anon pages imported.
*/
if (exporter && exporter->anon_vma && !importer->anon_vma) {
int error;
importer->anon_vma = exporter->anon_vma;
error = anon_vma_clone(importer, exporter);
if (error)
return error;
}
}
if (mas_preallocate(&mas, vma, GFP_KERNEL))
return -ENOMEM;
vma_adjust_trans_huge(orig_vma, start, end, adjust_next);
if (file) {
mapping = file->f_mapping;
root = &mapping->i_mmap;
uprobe_munmap(vma, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end);
if (adjust_next)
uprobe_munmap(next, next->vm_start, next->vm_end);
i_mmap_lock_write(mapping);
if (insert && insert->vm_file) {
/*
* Put into interval tree now, so instantiated pages
* are visible to arm/parisc __flush_dcache_page
* throughout; but we cannot insert into address
* space until vma start or end is updated.
*/
__vma_link_file(insert, insert->vm_file->f_mapping);
}
}
anon_vma = vma->anon_vma;
if (!anon_vma && adjust_next)
anon_vma = next->anon_vma;
if (anon_vma) {
VM_WARN_ON(adjust_next && next->anon_vma &&
anon_vma != next->anon_vma);
anon_vma_lock_write(anon_vma);
anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(vma);
if (adjust_next)
anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(next);
}
if (file) {
flush_dcache_mmap_lock(mapping);
vma_interval_tree_remove(vma, root);
if (adjust_next)
vma_interval_tree_remove(next, root);
}
if (start != vma->vm_start) {
if ((vma->vm_start < start) &&
(!insert || (insert->vm_end != start))) {
vma_mas_szero(&mas, vma->vm_start, start);
VM_WARN_ON(insert && insert->vm_start > vma->vm_start);
} else {
vma_changed = true;
}
vma->vm_start = start;
}
if (end != vma->vm_end) {
if (vma->vm_end > end) {
if (!insert || (insert->vm_start != end)) {
vma_mas_szero(&mas, end, vma->vm_end);
mas_reset(&mas);
VM_WARN_ON(insert &&
insert->vm_end < vma->vm_end);
}
} else {
vma_changed = true;
}
vma->vm_end = end;
}
if (vma_changed)
vma_mas_store(vma, &mas);
vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff;
if (adjust_next) {
next->vm_start += adjust_next;
next->vm_pgoff += adjust_next >> PAGE_SHIFT;
vma_mas_store(next, &mas);
}
if (file) {
if (adjust_next)
vma_interval_tree_insert(next, root);
vma_interval_tree_insert(vma, root);
flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(mapping);
}
if (remove_next && file) {
__remove_shared_vm_struct(next, file, mapping);
if (remove_next == 2)
__remove_shared_vm_struct(next_next, file, mapping);
} else if (insert) {
/*
* split_vma has split insert from vma, and needs
* us to insert it before dropping the locks
* (it may either follow vma or precede it).
*/
mas_reset(&mas);
vma_mas_store(insert, &mas);
mm->map_count++;
}
if (anon_vma) {
anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(vma);
if (adjust_next)
anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(next);
anon_vma_unlock_write(anon_vma);
}
if (file) {
i_mmap_unlock_write(mapping);
uprobe_mmap(vma);
if (adjust_next)
uprobe_mmap(next);
}
if (remove_next) {
again:
if (file) {
uprobe_munmap(next, next->vm_start, next->vm_end);
fput(file);
}
if (next->anon_vma)
anon_vma_merge(vma, next);
mm->map_count--;
mpol_put(vma_policy(next));
if (remove_next != 2)
BUG_ON(vma->vm_end < next->vm_end);
vm_area_free(next);
/*
* In mprotect's case 6 (see comments on vma_merge),
* we must remove next_next too.
*/
if (remove_next == 2) {
remove_next = 1;
next = next_next;
goto again;
}
}
if (insert && file)
uprobe_mmap(insert);
mas_destroy(&mas);
validate_mm(mm);
return 0;
}
/*
* If the vma has a ->close operation then the driver probably needs to release
* per-vma resources, so we don't attempt to merge those.
*/
static inline int is_mergeable_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
struct file *file, unsigned long vm_flags,
struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx,
struct anon_vma_name *anon_name)
{
/*
* VM_SOFTDIRTY should not prevent from VMA merging, if we
* match the flags but dirty bit -- the caller should mark
* merged VMA as dirty. If dirty bit won't be excluded from
* comparison, we increase pressure on the memory system forcing
* the kernel to generate new VMAs when old one could be
* extended instead.
*/
if ((vma->vm_flags ^ vm_flags) & ~VM_SOFTDIRTY)
return 0;
if (vma->vm_file != file)
return 0;
if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->close)
return 0;
if (!is_mergeable_vm_userfaultfd_ctx(vma, vm_userfaultfd_ctx))
return 0;
if (!anon_vma_name_eq(anon_vma_name(vma), anon_name))
return 0;
return 1;
}
static inline int is_mergeable_anon_vma(struct anon_vma *anon_vma1,
struct anon_vma *anon_vma2,
struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
/*
* The list_is_singular() test is to avoid merging VMA cloned from
* parents. This can improve scalability caused by anon_vma lock.
*/
if ((!anon_vma1 || !anon_vma2) && (!vma ||
list_is_singular(&vma->anon_vma_chain)))
return 1;
return anon_vma1 == anon_vma2;
}
/*
* Return true if we can merge this (vm_flags,anon_vma,file,vm_pgoff)
* in front of (at a lower virtual address and file offset than) the vma.
*
* We cannot merge two vmas if they have differently assigned (non-NULL)
* anon_vmas, nor if same anon_vma is assigned but offsets incompatible.
*
* We don't check here for the merged mmap wrapping around the end of pagecache
* indices (16TB on ia32) because do_mmap() does not permit mmap's which
* wrap, nor mmaps which cover the final page at index -1UL.
*/
static int
can_vma_merge_before(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags,
struct anon_vma *anon_vma, struct file *file,
pgoff_t vm_pgoff,
struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx,
struct anon_vma_name *anon_name)
{
if (is_mergeable_vma(vma, file, vm_flags, vm_userfaultfd_ctx, anon_name) &&
is_mergeable_anon_vma(anon_vma, vma->anon_vma, vma)) {
if (vma->vm_pgoff == vm_pgoff)
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Return true if we can merge this (vm_flags,anon_vma,file,vm_pgoff)
* beyond (at a higher virtual address and file offset than) the vma.
*
* We cannot merge two vmas if they have differently assigned (non-NULL)
* anon_vmas, nor if same anon_vma is assigned but offsets incompatible.
*/
static int
can_vma_merge_after(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long vm_flags,
struct anon_vma *anon_vma, struct file *file,
pgoff_t vm_pgoff,
struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx,
struct anon_vma_name *anon_name)
{
if (is_mergeable_vma(vma, file, vm_flags, vm_userfaultfd_ctx, anon_name) &&
is_mergeable_anon_vma(anon_vma, vma->anon_vma, vma)) {
pgoff_t vm_pglen;
vm_pglen = vma_pages(vma);
if (vma->vm_pgoff + vm_pglen == vm_pgoff)
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Given a mapping request (addr,end,vm_flags,file,pgoff,anon_name),
* figure out whether that can be merged with its predecessor or its
* successor. Or both (it neatly fills a hole).
*
* In most cases - when called for mmap, brk or mremap - [addr,end) is
* certain not to be mapped by the time vma_merge is called; but when
* called for mprotect, it is certain to be already mapped (either at
* an offset within prev, or at the start of next), and the flags of
* this area are about to be changed to vm_flags - and the no-change
* case has already been eliminated.
*
* The following mprotect cases have to be considered, where AAAA is
* the area passed down from mprotect_fixup, never extending beyond one
* vma, PPPPPP is the prev vma specified, and NNNNNN the next vma after:
*
* AAAA AAAA AAAA
* PPPPPPNNNNNN PPPPPPNNNNNN PPPPPPNNNNNN
* cannot merge might become might become
* PPNNNNNNNNNN PPPPPPPPPPNN
* mmap, brk or case 4 below case 5 below
* mremap move:
* AAAA AAAA
* PPPP NNNN PPPPNNNNXXXX
* might become might become
* PPPPPPPPPPPP 1 or PPPPPPPPPPPP 6 or
* PPPPPPPPNNNN 2 or PPPPPPPPXXXX 7 or
* PPPPNNNNNNNN 3 PPPPXXXXXXXX 8
*
* It is important for case 8 that the vma NNNN overlapping the
* region AAAA is never going to extended over XXXX. Instead XXXX must
* be extended in region AAAA and NNNN must be removed. This way in
* all cases where vma_merge succeeds, the moment vma_adjust drops the
* rmap_locks, the properties of the merged vma will be already
* correct for the whole merged range. Some of those properties like
* vm_page_prot/vm_flags may be accessed by rmap_walks and they must
* be correct for the whole merged range immediately after the
* rmap_locks are released. Otherwise if XXXX would be removed and
* NNNN would be extended over the XXXX range, remove_migration_ptes
* or other rmap walkers (if working on addresses beyond the "end"
* parameter) may establish ptes with the wrong permissions of NNNN
* instead of the right permissions of XXXX.
*/
struct vm_area_struct *vma_merge(struct mm_struct *mm,
struct vm_area_struct *prev, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long end, unsigned long vm_flags,
struct anon_vma *anon_vma, struct file *file,
pgoff_t pgoff, struct mempolicy *policy,
struct vm_userfaultfd_ctx vm_userfaultfd_ctx,
struct anon_vma_name *anon_name)
{
pgoff_t pglen = (end - addr) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
struct vm_area_struct *mid, *next, *res;
int err = -1;
bool merge_prev = false;
bool merge_next = false;
/*
* We later require that vma->vm_flags == vm_flags,
* so this tests vma->vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL, too.
*/
if (vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL)
return NULL;
next = find_vma(mm, prev ? prev->vm_end : 0);
mid = next;
if (next && next->vm_end == end) /* cases 6, 7, 8 */
next = find_vma(mm, next->vm_end);
/* verify some invariant that must be enforced by the caller */
VM_WARN_ON(prev && addr <= prev->vm_start);
VM_WARN_ON(mid && end > mid->vm_end);
VM_WARN_ON(addr >= end);
/* Can we merge the predecessor? */
if (prev && prev->vm_end == addr &&
mpol_equal(vma_policy(prev), policy) &&
can_vma_merge_after(prev, vm_flags,
anon_vma, file, pgoff,
vm_userfaultfd_ctx, anon_name)) {
merge_prev = true;
}
/* Can we merge the successor? */
if (next && end == next->vm_start &&
mpol_equal(policy, vma_policy(next)) &&
can_vma_merge_before(next, vm_flags,
anon_vma, file, pgoff+pglen,
vm_userfaultfd_ctx, anon_name)) {
merge_next = true;
}
/* Can we merge both the predecessor and the successor? */
if (merge_prev && merge_next &&
is_mergeable_anon_vma(prev->anon_vma,
next->anon_vma, NULL)) { /* cases 1, 6 */
err = __vma_adjust(prev, prev->vm_start,
next->vm_end, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL,
prev);
res = prev;
} else if (merge_prev) { /* cases 2, 5, 7 */
err = __vma_adjust(prev, prev->vm_start,
end, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL, prev);
res = prev;
} else if (merge_next) {
if (prev && addr < prev->vm_end) /* case 4 */
err = __vma_adjust(prev, prev->vm_start,
addr, prev->vm_pgoff, NULL, next);
else /* cases 3, 8 */
err = __vma_adjust(mid, addr, next->vm_end,
next->vm_pgoff - pglen, NULL, next);
res = next;
}
/*
* Cannot merge with predecessor or successor or error in __vma_adjust?
*/
if (err)
return NULL;
khugepaged_enter_vma(res, vm_flags);
return res;
}
/*
* Rough compatibility check to quickly see if it's even worth looking
* at sharing an anon_vma.
*
* They need to have the same vm_file, and the flags can only differ
* in things that mprotect may change.
*
* NOTE! The fact that we share an anon_vma doesn't _have_ to mean that
* we can merge the two vma's. For example, we refuse to merge a vma if
* there is a vm_ops->close() function, because that indicates that the
* driver is doing some kind of reference counting. But that doesn't
* really matter for the anon_vma sharing case.
*/
static int anon_vma_compatible(struct vm_area_struct *a, struct vm_area_struct *b)
{
return a->vm_end == b->vm_start &&
mpol_equal(vma_policy(a), vma_policy(b)) &&
a->vm_file == b->vm_file &&
!((a->vm_flags ^ b->vm_flags) & ~(VM_ACCESS_FLAGS | VM_SOFTDIRTY)) &&
b->vm_pgoff == a->vm_pgoff + ((b->vm_start - a->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
}
/*
* Do some basic sanity checking to see if we can re-use the anon_vma
* from 'old'. The 'a'/'b' vma's are in VM order - one of them will be
* the same as 'old', the other will be the new one that is trying
* to share the anon_vma.
*
* NOTE! This runs with mmap_lock held for reading, so it is possible that
* the anon_vma of 'old' is concurrently in the process of being set up
* by another page fault trying to merge _that_. But that's ok: if it
* is being set up, that automatically means that it will be a singleton
* acceptable for merging, so we can do all of this optimistically. But
* we do that READ_ONCE() to make sure that we never re-load the pointer.
*
* IOW: that the "list_is_singular()" test on the anon_vma_chain only
* matters for the 'stable anon_vma' case (ie the thing we want to avoid
* is to return an anon_vma that is "complex" due to having gone through
* a fork).
*
* We also make sure that the two vma's are compatible (adjacent,
* and with the same memory policies). That's all stable, even with just
* a read lock on the mmap_lock.
*/
static struct anon_vma *reusable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *old, struct vm_area_struct *a, struct vm_area_struct *b)
{
if (anon_vma_compatible(a, b)) {
struct anon_vma *anon_vma = READ_ONCE(old->anon_vma);
if (anon_vma && list_is_singular(&old->anon_vma_chain))
return anon_vma;
}
return NULL;
}
/*
* find_mergeable_anon_vma is used by anon_vma_prepare, to check
* neighbouring vmas for a suitable anon_vma, before it goes off
* to allocate a new anon_vma. It checks because a repetitive
* sequence of mprotects and faults may otherwise lead to distinct
* anon_vmas being allocated, preventing vma merge in subsequent
* mprotect.
*/
struct anon_vma *find_mergeable_anon_vma(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
{
MA_STATE(mas, &vma->vm_mm->mm_mt, vma->vm_end, vma->vm_end);
struct anon_vma *anon_vma = NULL;
struct vm_area_struct *prev, *next;
/* Try next first. */
next = mas_walk(&mas);
if (next) {
anon_vma = reusable_anon_vma(next, vma, next);
if (anon_vma)
return anon_vma;
}
prev = mas_prev(&mas, 0);
VM_BUG_ON_VMA(prev != vma, vma);
prev = mas_prev(&mas, 0);
/* Try prev next. */
if (prev)
anon_vma = reusable_anon_vma(prev, prev, vma);
/*
* We might reach here with anon_vma == NULL if we can't find
* any reusable anon_vma.
* There's no absolute need to look only at touching neighbours:
* we could search further afield for "compatible" anon_vmas.
* But it would probably just be a waste of time searching,
* or lead to too many vmas hanging off the same anon_vma.
* We're trying to allow mprotect remerging later on,
* not trying to minimize memory used for anon_vmas.
*/
return anon_vma;
}
/*
* If a hint addr is less than mmap_min_addr change hint to be as
* low as possible but still greater than mmap_min_addr
*/
static inline unsigned long round_hint_to_min(unsigned long hint)
{
hint &= PAGE_MASK;
if (((void *)hint != NULL) &&
(hint < mmap_min_addr))
return PAGE_ALIGN(mmap_min_addr);
return hint;
}
int mlock_future_check(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long flags,
unsigned long len)
{
unsigned long locked, lock_limit;
/* mlock MCL_FUTURE? */
if (flags & VM_LOCKED) {
locked = len >> PAGE_SHIFT;
locked += mm->locked_vm;
lock_limit = rlimit(RLIMIT_MEMLOCK);
lock_limit >>= PAGE_SHIFT;
if (locked > lock_limit && !capable(CAP_IPC_LOCK))
return -EAGAIN;
}
return 0;
}
static inline u64 file_mmap_size_max(struct file *file, struct inode *inode)
{
if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
return MAX_LFS_FILESIZE;
if (S_ISBLK(inode->i_mode))
return MAX_LFS_FILESIZE;
if (S_ISSOCK(inode->i_mode))
return MAX_LFS_FILESIZE;
/* Special "we do even unsigned file positions" case */
if (file->f_mode & FMODE_UNSIGNED_OFFSET)
return 0;
/* Yes, random drivers might want more. But I'm tired of buggy drivers */
return ULONG_MAX;
}
static inline bool file_mmap_ok(struct file *file, struct inode *inode,
unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long len)
{
u64 maxsize = file_mmap_size_max(file, inode);
if (maxsize && len > maxsize)
return false;
maxsize -= len;
if (pgoff > maxsize >> PAGE_SHIFT)
return false;
return true;
}
/*
* The caller must write-lock current->mm->mmap_lock.
*/
unsigned long do_mmap(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long len, unsigned long prot,
unsigned long flags, unsigned long pgoff,
unsigned long *populate, struct list_head *uf)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
vm_flags_t vm_flags;
int pkey = 0;
validate_mm(mm);
*populate = 0;
if (!len)
return -EINVAL;
/*
* Does the application expect PROT_READ to imply PROT_EXEC?
*
* (the exception is when the underlying filesystem is noexec
* mounted, in which case we dont add PROT_EXEC.)
*/
if ((prot & PROT_READ) && (current->personality & READ_IMPLIES_EXEC))
if (!(file && path_noexec(&file->f_path)))
prot |= PROT_EXEC;
/* force arch specific MAP_FIXED handling in get_unmapped_area */
if (flags & MAP_FIXED_NOREPLACE)
flags |= MAP_FIXED;
if (!(flags & MAP_FIXED))
addr = round_hint_to_min(addr);
/* Careful about overflows.. */
len = PAGE_ALIGN(len);
if (!len)
return -ENOMEM;
/* offset overflow? */
if ((pgoff + (len >> PAGE_SHIFT)) < pgoff)
return -EOVERFLOW;
/* Too many mappings? */
if (mm->map_count > sysctl_max_map_count)
return -ENOMEM;
/* Obtain the address to map to. we verify (or select) it and ensure
* that it represents a valid section of the address space.
*/
addr = get_unmapped_area(file, addr, len, pgoff, flags);
if (IS_ERR_VALUE(addr))
return addr;
if (flags & MAP_FIXED_NOREPLACE) {
if (find_vma_intersection(mm, addr, addr + len))
return -EEXIST;
}
if (prot == PROT_EXEC) {
pkey = execute_only_pkey(mm);
if (pkey < 0)
pkey = 0;
}
/* Do simple checking here so the lower-level routines won't have
* to. we assume access permissions have been handled by the open
* of the memory object, so we don't do any here.
*/
vm_flags = calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, pkey) | calc_vm_flag_bits(flags) |
mm->def_flags | VM_MAYREAD | VM_MAYWRITE | VM_MAYEXEC;
if (flags & MAP_LOCKED)
if (!can_do_mlock())
return -EPERM;
if (mlock_future_check(mm, vm_flags, len))
return -EAGAIN;
if (file) {
struct inode *inode = file_inode(file);
unsigned long flags_mask;
if (!file_mmap_ok(file, inode, pgoff, len))
return -EOVERFLOW;
flags_mask = LEGACY_MAP_MASK | file->f_op->mmap_supported_flags;
switch (flags & MAP_TYPE) {
case MAP_SHARED:
/*
* Force use of MAP_SHARED_VALIDATE with non-legacy
* flags. E.g. MAP_SYNC is dangerous to use with
* MAP_SHARED as you don't know which consistency model
* you will get. We silently ignore unsupported flags
* with MAP_SHARED to preserve backward compatibility.
*/
flags &= LEGACY_MAP_MASK;
fallthrough;
case MAP_SHARED_VALIDATE:
if (flags & ~flags_mask)
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
if (prot & PROT_WRITE) {
if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
return -EACCES;
if (IS_SWAPFILE(file->f_mapping->host))
return -ETXTBSY;
}
/*
* Make sure we don't allow writing to an append-only
* file..
*/
if (IS_APPEND(inode) && (file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
return -EACCES;
vm_flags |= VM_SHARED | VM_MAYSHARE;
if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_WRITE))
vm_flags &= ~(VM_MAYWRITE | VM_SHARED);
fallthrough;
case MAP_PRIVATE:
if (!(file->f_mode & FMODE_READ))
return -EACCES;
if (path_noexec(&file->f_path)) {
if (vm_flags & VM_EXEC)
return -EPERM;
vm_flags &= ~VM_MAYEXEC;
}
if (!file->f_op->mmap)
return -ENODEV;
if (vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN|VM_GROWSUP))
return -EINVAL;
break;
default:
return -EINVAL;
}
} else {
switch (flags & MAP_TYPE) {
case MAP_SHARED:
if (vm_flags & (VM_GROWSDOWN|VM_GROWSUP))
return -EINVAL;
/*
* Ignore pgoff.
*/
pgoff = 0;
vm_flags |= VM_SHARED | VM_MAYSHARE;
break;
case MAP_PRIVATE:
/*
* Set pgoff according to addr for anon_vma.
*/
pgoff = addr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
break;
default:
return -EINVAL;
}
}
/*
* Set 'VM_NORESERVE' if we should not account for the
* memory use of this mapping.
*/
if (flags & MAP_NORESERVE) {
/* We honor MAP_NORESERVE if allowed to overcommit */
if (sysctl_overcommit_memory != OVERCOMMIT_NEVER)
vm_flags |= VM_NORESERVE;
/* hugetlb applies strict overcommit unless MAP_NORESERVE */
if (file && is_file_hugepages(file))
vm_flags |= VM_NORESERVE;
}
addr = mmap_region(file, addr, len, vm_flags, pgoff, uf);
if (!IS_ERR_VALUE(addr) &&
((vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) ||
(flags & (MAP_POPULATE | MAP_NONBLOCK)) == MAP_POPULATE))
*populate = len;
return addr;
}
unsigned long ksys_mmap_pgoff(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
unsigned long prot, unsigned long flags,
unsigned long fd, unsigned long pgoff)
{
struct file *file = NULL;
unsigned long retval;
if (!(flags & MAP_ANONYMOUS)) {
audit_mmap_fd(fd, flags);
file = fget(fd);
if (!file)
return -EBADF;
if (is_file_hugepages(file)) {
len = ALIGN(len, huge_page_size(hstate_file(file)));
} else if (unlikely(flags & MAP_HUGETLB)) {
retval = -EINVAL;
goto out_fput;
}
} else if (flags & MAP_HUGETLB) {
struct hstate *hs;
hs = hstate_sizelog((flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK);
if (!hs)
return -EINVAL;
len = ALIGN(len, huge_page_size(hs));
/*
* VM_NORESERVE is used because the reservations will be
* taken when vm_ops->mmap() is called
*/
file = hugetlb_file_setup(HUGETLB_ANON_FILE, len,
VM_NORESERVE,
HUGETLB_ANONHUGE_INODE,
(flags >> MAP_HUGE_SHIFT) & MAP_HUGE_MASK);
if (IS_ERR(file))
return PTR_ERR(file);
}
retval = vm_mmap_pgoff(file, addr, len, prot, flags, pgoff);
out_fput:
if (file)
fput(file);
return retval;
}
SYSCALL_DEFINE6(mmap_pgoff, unsigned long, addr, unsigned long, len,
unsigned long, prot, unsigned long, flags,
unsigned long, fd, unsigned long, pgoff)
{
return ksys_mmap_pgoff(addr, len, prot, flags, fd, pgoff);
}
#ifdef __ARCH_WANT_SYS_OLD_MMAP
struct mmap_arg_struct {
unsigned long addr;
unsigned long len;
unsigned long prot;
unsigned long flags;
unsigned long fd;
unsigned long offset;
};
SYSCALL_DEFINE1(old_mmap, struct mmap_arg_struct __user *, arg)
{
struct mmap_arg_struct a;
if (copy_from_user(&a, arg, sizeof(a)))
return -EFAULT;
if (offset_in_page(a.offset))
return -EINVAL;
return ksys_mmap_pgoff(a.addr, a.len, a.prot, a.flags, a.fd,
a.offset >> PAGE_SHIFT);
}
#endif /* __ARCH_WANT_SYS_OLD_MMAP */
/*
* Some shared mappings will want the pages marked read-only
* to track write events. If so, we'll downgrade vm_page_prot
* to the private version (using protection_map[] without the
* VM_SHARED bit).
*/
int vma_wants_writenotify(struct vm_area_struct *vma, pgprot_t vm_page_prot)
{
vm_flags_t vm_flags = vma->vm_flags;
const struct vm_operations_struct *vm_ops = vma->vm_ops;
/* If it was private or non-writable, the write bit is already clear */
if ((vm_flags & (VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)) != ((VM_WRITE|VM_SHARED)))
return 0;
/* The backer wishes to know when pages are first written to? */
if (vm_ops && (vm_ops->page_mkwrite || vm_ops->pfn_mkwrite))
return 1;
/* The open routine did something to the protections that pgprot_modify
* won't preserve? */
if (pgprot_val(vm_page_prot) !=
pgprot_val(vm_pgprot_modify(vm_page_prot, vm_flags)))
return 0;
/*
* Do we need to track softdirty? hugetlb does not support softdirty
* tracking yet.
*/
if (vma_soft_dirty_enabled(vma) && !is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma))
return 1;
/* Specialty mapping? */
if (vm_flags & VM_PFNMAP)
return 0;
/* Can the mapping track the dirty pages? */
return vma->vm_file && vma->vm_file->f_mapping &&
mapping_can_writeback(vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
}
/*
* We account for memory if it's a private writeable mapping,
* not hugepages and VM_NORESERVE wasn't set.
*/
static inline int accountable_mapping(struct file *file, vm_flags_t vm_flags)
{
/*
* hugetlb has its own accounting separate from the core VM
* VM_HUGETLB may not be set yet so we cannot check for that flag.
*/
if (file && is_file_hugepages(file))
return 0;
return (vm_flags & (VM_NORESERVE | VM_SHARED | VM_WRITE)) == VM_WRITE;
}
/**
* unmapped_area() - Find an area between the low_limit and the high_limit with
* the correct alignment and offset, all from @info. Note: current->mm is used
* for the search.
*
* @info: The unmapped area information including the range (low_limit -
* hight_limit), the alignment offset and mask.
*
* Return: A memory address or -ENOMEM.
*/
static unsigned long unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info)
{
unsigned long length, gap;
MA_STATE(mas, &current->mm->mm_mt, 0, 0);
/* Adjust search length to account for worst case alignment overhead */
length = info->length + info->align_mask;
if (length < info->length)
return -ENOMEM;
if (mas_empty_area(&mas, info->low_limit, info->high_limit - 1,
length))
return -ENOMEM;
gap = mas.index;
gap += (info->align_offset - gap) & info->align_mask;
return gap;
}
/**
* unmapped_area_topdown() - Find an area between the low_limit and the
* high_limit with * the correct alignment and offset at the highest available
* address, all from @info. Note: current->mm is used for the search.
*
* @info: The unmapped area information including the range (low_limit -
* hight_limit), the alignment offset and mask.
*
* Return: A memory address or -ENOMEM.
*/
static unsigned long unmapped_area_topdown(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info)
{
unsigned long length, gap;
MA_STATE(mas, &current->mm->mm_mt, 0, 0);
/* Adjust search length to account for worst case alignment overhead */
length = info->length + info->align_mask;
if (length < info->length)
return -ENOMEM;
if (mas_empty_area_rev(&mas, info->low_limit, info->high_limit - 1,
length))
return -ENOMEM;
gap = mas.last + 1 - info->length;
gap -= (gap - info->align_offset) & info->align_mask;
return gap;
}
/*
* Search for an unmapped address range.
*
* We are looking for a range that:
* - does not intersect with any VMA;
* - is contained within the [low_limit, high_limit) interval;
* - is at least the desired size.
* - satisfies (begin_addr & align_mask) == (align_offset & align_mask)
*/
unsigned long vm_unmapped_area(struct vm_unmapped_area_info *info)
{
unsigned long addr;
if (info->flags & VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN)
addr = unmapped_area_topdown(info);
else
addr = unmapped_area(info);
trace_vm_unmapped_area(addr, info);
return addr;
}
/* Get an address range which is currently unmapped.
* For shmat() with addr=0.
*
* Ugly calling convention alert:
* Return value with the low bits set means error value,
* ie
* if (ret & ~PAGE_MASK)
* error = ret;
*
* This function "knows" that -ENOMEM has the bits set.
*/
unsigned long
generic_get_unmapped_area(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff,
unsigned long flags)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev;
struct vm_unmapped_area_info info;
const unsigned long mmap_end = arch_get_mmap_end(addr, len, flags);
if (len > mmap_end - mmap_min_addr)
return -ENOMEM;
if (flags & MAP_FIXED)
return addr;
if (addr) {
addr = PAGE_ALIGN(addr);
vma = find_vma_prev(mm, addr, &prev);
if (mmap_end - len >= addr && addr >= mmap_min_addr &&
(!vma || addr + len <= vm_start_gap(vma)) &&
(!prev || addr >= vm_end_gap(prev)))
return addr;
}
info.flags = 0;
info.length = len;
info.low_limit = mm->mmap_base;
info.high_limit = mmap_end;
info.align_mask = 0;
info.align_offset = 0;
return vm_unmapped_area(&info);
}
#ifndef HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA
unsigned long
arch_get_unmapped_area(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff,
unsigned long flags)
{
return generic_get_unmapped_area(filp, addr, len, pgoff, flags);
}
#endif
/*
* This mmap-allocator allocates new areas top-down from below the
* stack's low limit (the base):
*/
unsigned long
generic_get_unmapped_area_topdown(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff,
unsigned long flags)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev;
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct vm_unmapped_area_info info;
const unsigned long mmap_end = arch_get_mmap_end(addr, len, flags);
/* requested length too big for entire address space */
if (len > mmap_end - mmap_min_addr)
return -ENOMEM;
if (flags & MAP_FIXED)
return addr;
/* requesting a specific address */
if (addr) {
addr = PAGE_ALIGN(addr);
vma = find_vma_prev(mm, addr, &prev);
if (mmap_end - len >= addr && addr >= mmap_min_addr &&
(!vma || addr + len <= vm_start_gap(vma)) &&
(!prev || addr >= vm_end_gap(prev)))
return addr;
}
info.flags = VM_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN;
info.length = len;
info.low_limit = max(PAGE_SIZE, mmap_min_addr);
info.high_limit = arch_get_mmap_base(addr, mm->mmap_base);
info.align_mask = 0;
info.align_offset = 0;
addr = vm_unmapped_area(&info);
/*
* A failed mmap() very likely causes application failure,
* so fall back to the bottom-up function here. This scenario
* can happen with large stack limits and large mmap()
* allocations.
*/
if (offset_in_page(addr)) {
VM_BUG_ON(addr != -ENOMEM);
info.flags = 0;
info.low_limit = TASK_UNMAPPED_BASE;
info.high_limit = mmap_end;
addr = vm_unmapped_area(&info);
}
return addr;
}
#ifndef HAVE_ARCH_UNMAPPED_AREA_TOPDOWN
unsigned long
arch_get_unmapped_area_topdown(struct file *filp, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long len, unsigned long pgoff,
unsigned long flags)
{
return generic_get_unmapped_area_topdown(filp, addr, len, pgoff, flags);
}
#endif
unsigned long
get_unmapped_area(struct file *file, unsigned long addr, unsigned long len,
unsigned long pgoff, unsigned long flags)
{
unsigned long (*get_area)(struct file *, unsigned long,
unsigned long, unsigned long, unsigned long);
unsigned long error = arch_mmap_check(addr, len, flags);
if (error)
return error;
/* Careful about overflows.. */
if (len > TASK_SIZE)
return -ENOMEM;
get_area = current->mm->get_unmapped_area;
if (file) {
if (file->f_op->get_unmapped_area)
get_area = file->f_op->get_unmapped_area;
} else if (flags & MAP_SHARED) {
/*
* mmap_region() will call shmem_zero_setup() to create a file,
* so use shmem's get_unmapped_area in case it can be huge.
* do_mmap() will clear pgoff, so match alignment.
*/
pgoff = 0;
get_area = shmem_get_unmapped_area;
} else if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE)) {
/* Ensures that larger anonymous mappings are THP aligned. */
get_area = thp_get_unmapped_area;
}
addr = get_area(file, addr, len, pgoff, flags);
if (IS_ERR_VALUE(addr))
return addr;
if (addr > TASK_SIZE - len)
return -ENOMEM;
if (offset_in_page(addr))
return -EINVAL;
error = security_mmap_addr(addr);
return error ? error : addr;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(get_unmapped_area);
/**
* find_vma_intersection() - Look up the first VMA which intersects the interval
* @mm: The process address space.
* @start_addr: The inclusive start user address.
* @end_addr: The exclusive end user address.
*
* Returns: The first VMA within the provided range, %NULL otherwise. Assumes
* start_addr < end_addr.
*/
struct vm_area_struct *find_vma_intersection(struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long start_addr,
unsigned long end_addr)
{
unsigned long index = start_addr;
mmap_assert_locked(mm);
return mt_find(&mm->mm_mt, &index, end_addr - 1);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_vma_intersection);
/**
* find_vma() - Find the VMA for a given address, or the next VMA.
* @mm: The mm_struct to check
* @addr: The address
*
* Returns: The VMA associated with addr, or the next VMA.
* May return %NULL in the case of no VMA at addr or above.
*/
struct vm_area_struct *find_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
{
unsigned long index = addr;
mmap_assert_locked(mm);
return mt_find(&mm->mm_mt, &index, ULONG_MAX);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(find_vma);
/**
* find_vma_prev() - Find the VMA for a given address, or the next vma and
* set %pprev to the previous VMA, if any.
* @mm: The mm_struct to check
* @addr: The address
* @pprev: The pointer to set to the previous VMA
*
* Note that RCU lock is missing here since the external mmap_lock() is used
* instead.
*
* Returns: The VMA associated with @addr, or the next vma.
* May return %NULL in the case of no vma at addr or above.
*/
struct vm_area_struct *
find_vma_prev(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
struct vm_area_struct **pprev)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
MA_STATE(mas, &mm->mm_mt, addr, addr);
vma = mas_walk(&mas);
*pprev = mas_prev(&mas, 0);
if (!vma)
vma = mas_next(&mas, ULONG_MAX);
return vma;
}
/*
* Verify that the stack growth is acceptable and
* update accounting. This is shared with both the
* grow-up and grow-down cases.
*/
static int acct_stack_growth(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long size, unsigned long grow)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
unsigned long new_start;
/* address space limit tests */
if (!may_expand_vm(mm, vma->vm_flags, grow))
return -ENOMEM;
/* Stack limit test */
if (size > rlimit(RLIMIT_STACK))
return -ENOMEM;
/* mlock limit tests */
if (mlock_future_check(mm, vma->vm_flags, grow << PAGE_SHIFT))
return -ENOMEM;
/* Check to ensure the stack will not grow into a hugetlb-only region */
new_start = (vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP) ? vma->vm_start :
vma->vm_end - size;
if (is_hugepage_only_range(vma->vm_mm, new_start, size))
return -EFAULT;
/*
* Overcommit.. This must be the final test, as it will
* update security statistics.
*/
if (security_vm_enough_memory_mm(mm, grow))
return -ENOMEM;
return 0;
}
#if defined(CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP) || defined(CONFIG_IA64)
/*
* PA-RISC uses this for its stack; IA64 for its Register Backing Store.
* vma is the last one with address > vma->vm_end. Have to extend vma.
*/
int expand_upwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
struct vm_area_struct *next;
unsigned long gap_addr;
int error = 0;
MA_STATE(mas, &mm->mm_mt, 0, 0);
if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP))
return -EFAULT;
/* Guard against exceeding limits of the address space. */
address &= PAGE_MASK;
if (address >= (TASK_SIZE & PAGE_MASK))
return -ENOMEM;
address += PAGE_SIZE;
/* Enforce stack_guard_gap */
gap_addr = address + stack_guard_gap;
/* Guard against overflow */
if (gap_addr < address || gap_addr > TASK_SIZE)
gap_addr = TASK_SIZE;
next = find_vma_intersection(mm, vma->vm_end, gap_addr);
if (next && vma_is_accessible(next)) {
if (!(next->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP))
return -ENOMEM;
/* Check that both stack segments have the same anon_vma? */
}
if (mas_preallocate(&mas, vma, GFP_KERNEL))
return -ENOMEM;
/* We must make sure the anon_vma is allocated. */
if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) {
mas_destroy(&mas);
return -ENOMEM;
}
/*
* vma->vm_start/vm_end cannot change under us because the caller
* is required to hold the mmap_lock in read mode. We need the
* anon_vma lock to serialize against concurrent expand_stacks.
*/
anon_vma_lock_write(vma->anon_vma);
/* Somebody else might have raced and expanded it already */
if (address > vma->vm_end) {
unsigned long size, grow;
size = address - vma->vm_start;
grow = (address - vma->vm_end) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
error = -ENOMEM;
if (vma->vm_pgoff + (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) >= vma->vm_pgoff) {
error = acct_stack_growth(vma, size, grow);
if (!error) {
/*
* We only hold a shared mmap_lock lock here, so
* we need to protect against concurrent vma
* expansions. anon_vma_lock_write() doesn't
* help here, as we don't guarantee that all
* growable vmas in a mm share the same root
* anon vma. So, we reuse mm->page_table_lock
* to guard against concurrent vma expansions.
*/
spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)
mm->locked_vm += grow;
vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, grow);
anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(vma);
vma->vm_end = address;
/* Overwrite old entry in mtree. */
vma_mas_store(vma, &mas);
anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(vma);
spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
perf_event_mmap(vma);
}
}
}
anon_vma_unlock_write(vma->anon_vma);
khugepaged_enter_vma(vma, vma->vm_flags);
mas_destroy(&mas);
return error;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP || CONFIG_IA64 */
/*
* vma is the first one with address < vma->vm_start. Have to extend vma.
*/
int expand_downwards(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
MA_STATE(mas, &mm->mm_mt, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_start);
struct vm_area_struct *prev;
int error = 0;
address &= PAGE_MASK;
if (address < mmap_min_addr)
return -EPERM;
/* Enforce stack_guard_gap */
prev = mas_prev(&mas, 0);
/* Check that both stack segments have the same anon_vma? */
if (prev && !(prev->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN) &&
vma_is_accessible(prev)) {
if (address - prev->vm_end < stack_guard_gap)
return -ENOMEM;
}
if (mas_preallocate(&mas, vma, GFP_KERNEL))
return -ENOMEM;
/* We must make sure the anon_vma is allocated. */
if (unlikely(anon_vma_prepare(vma))) {
mas_destroy(&mas);
return -ENOMEM;
}
/*
* vma->vm_start/vm_end cannot change under us because the caller
* is required to hold the mmap_lock in read mode. We need the
* anon_vma lock to serialize against concurrent expand_stacks.
*/
anon_vma_lock_write(vma->anon_vma);
/* Somebody else might have raced and expanded it already */
if (address < vma->vm_start) {
unsigned long size, grow;
size = vma->vm_end - address;
grow = (vma->vm_start - address) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
error = -ENOMEM;
if (grow <= vma->vm_pgoff) {
error = acct_stack_growth(vma, size, grow);
if (!error) {
/*
* We only hold a shared mmap_lock lock here, so
* we need to protect against concurrent vma
* expansions. anon_vma_lock_write() doesn't
* help here, as we don't guarantee that all
* growable vmas in a mm share the same root
* anon vma. So, we reuse mm->page_table_lock
* to guard against concurrent vma expansions.
*/
spin_lock(&mm->page_table_lock);
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)
mm->locked_vm += grow;
vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, grow);
anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(vma);
vma->vm_start = address;
vma->vm_pgoff -= grow;
/* Overwrite old entry in mtree. */
vma_mas_store(vma, &mas);
anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(vma);
spin_unlock(&mm->page_table_lock);
perf_event_mmap(vma);
}
}
}
anon_vma_unlock_write(vma->anon_vma);
khugepaged_enter_vma(vma, vma->vm_flags);
mas_destroy(&mas);
return error;
}
/* enforced gap between the expanding stack and other mappings. */
unsigned long stack_guard_gap = 256UL<<PAGE_SHIFT;
static int __init cmdline_parse_stack_guard_gap(char *p)
{
unsigned long val;
char *endptr;
val = simple_strtoul(p, &endptr, 10);
if (!*endptr)
stack_guard_gap = val << PAGE_SHIFT;
return 1;
}
__setup("stack_guard_gap=", cmdline_parse_stack_guard_gap);
#ifdef CONFIG_STACK_GROWSUP
int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address)
{
return expand_upwards(vma, address);
}
struct vm_area_struct *
find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma, *prev;
addr &= PAGE_MASK;
vma = find_vma_prev(mm, addr, &prev);
if (vma && (vma->vm_start <= addr))
return vma;
if (!prev || expand_stack(prev, addr))
return NULL;
if (prev->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)
populate_vma_page_range(prev, addr, prev->vm_end, NULL);
return prev;
}
#else
int expand_stack(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address)
{
return expand_downwards(vma, address);
}
struct vm_area_struct *
find_extend_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr)
{
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
unsigned long start;
addr &= PAGE_MASK;
vma = find_vma(mm, addr);
if (!vma)
return NULL;
if (vma->vm_start <= addr)
return vma;
if (!(vma->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN))
return NULL;
start = vma->vm_start;
if (expand_stack(vma, addr))
return NULL;
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)
populate_vma_page_range(vma, addr, start, NULL);
return vma;
}
#endif
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(find_extend_vma);
/*
* Ok - we have the memory areas we should free on a maple tree so release them,
* and do the vma updates.
*
* Called with the mm semaphore held.
*/
static inline void remove_mt(struct mm_struct *mm, struct ma_state *mas)
{
unsigned long nr_accounted = 0;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
/* Update high watermark before we lower total_vm */
update_hiwater_vm(mm);
mas_for_each(mas, vma, ULONG_MAX) {
long nrpages = vma_pages(vma);
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT)
nr_accounted += nrpages;
vm_stat_account(mm, vma->vm_flags, -nrpages);
remove_vma(vma);
}
vm_unacct_memory(nr_accounted);
validate_mm(mm);
}
/*
* Get rid of page table information in the indicated region.
*
* Called with the mm semaphore held.
*/
static void unmap_region(struct mm_struct *mm, struct maple_tree *mt,
struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_area_struct *prev,
struct vm_area_struct *next,
unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
{
struct mmu_gather tlb;
lru_add_drain();
tlb_gather_mmu(&tlb, mm);
update_hiwater_rss(mm);
unmap_vmas(&tlb, mt, vma, start, end);
free_pgtables(&tlb, mt, vma, prev ? prev->vm_end : FIRST_USER_ADDRESS,
next ? next->vm_start : USER_PGTABLES_CEILING);
tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb);
}
/*
* __split_vma() bypasses sysctl_max_map_count checking. We use this where it
* has already been checked or doesn't make sense to fail.
*/
int __split_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, int new_below)
{
struct vm_area_struct *new;
int err;
validate_mm_mt(mm);
if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->may_split) {
err = vma->vm_ops->may_split(vma, addr);
if (err)
return err;
}
new = vm_area_dup(vma);
if (!new)
return -ENOMEM;
if (new_below)
new->vm_end = addr;
else {
new->vm_start = addr;
new->vm_pgoff += ((addr - vma->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
}
err = vma_dup_policy(vma, new);
if (err)
goto out_free_vma;
err = anon_vma_clone(new, vma);
if (err)
goto out_free_mpol;
if (new->vm_file)
get_file(new->vm_file);
if (new->vm_ops && new->vm_ops->open)
new->vm_ops->open(new);
if (new_below)
err = vma_adjust(vma, addr, vma->vm_end, vma->vm_pgoff +
((addr - new->vm_start) >> PAGE_SHIFT), new);
else
err = vma_adjust(vma, vma->vm_start, addr, vma->vm_pgoff, new);
/* Success. */
if (!err)
return 0;
/* Avoid vm accounting in close() operation */
new->vm_start = new->vm_end;
new->vm_pgoff = 0;
/* Clean everything up if vma_adjust failed. */
if (new->vm_ops && new->vm_ops->close)
new->vm_ops->close(new);
if (new->vm_file)
fput(new->vm_file);
unlink_anon_vmas(new);
out_free_mpol:
mpol_put(vma_policy(new));
out_free_vma:
vm_area_free(new);
validate_mm_mt(mm);
return err;
}
/*
* Split a vma into two pieces at address 'addr', a new vma is allocated
* either for the first part or the tail.
*/
int split_vma(struct mm_struct *mm, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, int new_below)
{
if (mm->map_count >= sysctl_max_map_count)
return -ENOMEM;
return __split_vma(mm, vma, addr, new_below);
}
static inline int munmap_sidetree(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
struct ma_state *mas_detach)
{
mas_set_range(mas_detach, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end - 1);
if (mas_store_gfp(mas_detach, vma, GFP_KERNEL))
return -ENOMEM;
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)
vma->vm_mm->locked_vm -= vma_pages(vma);
return 0;
}
/*
* do_mas_align_munmap() - munmap the aligned region from @start to @end.
* @mas: The maple_state, ideally set up to alter the correct tree location.
* @vma: The starting vm_area_struct
* @mm: The mm_struct
* @start: The aligned start address to munmap.
* @end: The aligned end address to munmap.
* @uf: The userfaultfd list_head
* @downgrade: Set to true to attempt a write downgrade of the mmap_sem
*
* If @downgrade is true, check return code for potential release of the lock.
*/
static int
do_mas_align_munmap(struct ma_state *mas, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start,
unsigned long end, struct list_head *uf, bool downgrade)
{
struct vm_area_struct *prev, *next = NULL;
struct maple_tree mt_detach;
int count = 0;
int error = -ENOMEM;
MA_STATE(mas_detach, &mt_detach, 0, 0);
mt_init_flags(&mt_detach, MT_FLAGS_LOCK_EXTERN);
mt_set_external_lock(&mt_detach, &mm->mmap_lock);
if (mas_preallocate(mas, vma, GFP_KERNEL))
return -ENOMEM;
mas->last = end - 1;
/*
* If we need to split any vma, do it now to save pain later.
*
* Note: mremap's move_vma VM_ACCOUNT handling assumes a partially
* unmapped vm_area_struct will remain in use: so lower split_vma
* places tmp vma above, and higher split_vma places tmp vma below.
*/
/* Does it split the first one? */
if (start > vma->vm_start) {
/*
* Make sure that map_count on return from munmap() will
* not exceed its limit; but let map_count go just above
* its limit temporarily, to help free resources as expected.
*/
if (end < vma->vm_end && mm->map_count >= sysctl_max_map_count)
goto map_count_exceeded;
/*
* mas_pause() is not needed since mas->index needs to be set
* differently than vma->vm_end anyways.
*/
error = __split_vma(mm, vma, start, 0);
if (error)
goto start_split_failed;
mas_set(mas, start);
vma = mas_walk(mas);
}
prev = mas_prev(mas, 0);
if (unlikely((!prev)))
mas_set(mas, start);
/*
* Detach a range of VMAs from the mm. Using next as a temp variable as
* it is always overwritten.
*/
mas_for_each(mas, next, end - 1) {
/* Does it split the end? */
if (next->vm_end > end) {
struct vm_area_struct *split;
error = __split_vma(mm, next, end, 1);
if (error)
goto end_split_failed;
mas_set(mas, end);
split = mas_prev(mas, 0);
error = munmap_sidetree(split, &mas_detach);
if (error)
goto munmap_sidetree_failed;
count++;
if (vma == next)
vma = split;
break;
}
error = munmap_sidetree(next, &mas_detach);
if (error)
goto munmap_sidetree_failed;
count++;
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_MAPLE_TREE
BUG_ON(next->vm_start < start);
BUG_ON(next->vm_start > end);
#endif
}
if (!next)
next = mas_next(mas, ULONG_MAX);
if (unlikely(uf)) {
/*
* If userfaultfd_unmap_prep returns an error the vmas
* will remain split, but userland will get a
* highly unexpected error anyway. This is no
* different than the case where the first of the two
* __split_vma fails, but we don't undo the first
* split, despite we could. This is unlikely enough
* failure that it's not worth optimizing it for.
*/
error = userfaultfd_unmap_prep(mm, start, end, uf);
if (error)
goto userfaultfd_error;
}
/* Point of no return */
mas_set_range(mas, start, end - 1);
#if defined(CONFIG_DEBUG_VM_MAPLE_TREE)
/* Make sure no VMAs are about to be lost. */
{
MA_STATE(test, &mt_detach, start, end - 1);
struct vm_area_struct *vma_mas, *vma_test;
int test_count = 0;
rcu_read_lock();
vma_test = mas_find(&test, end - 1);
mas_for_each(mas, vma_mas, end - 1) {
BUG_ON(vma_mas != vma_test);
test_count++;
vma_test = mas_next(&test, end - 1);
}
rcu_read_unlock();
BUG_ON(count != test_count);
mas_set_range(mas, start, end - 1);
}
#endif
mas_store_prealloc(mas, NULL);
mm->map_count -= count;
/*
* Do not downgrade mmap_lock if we are next to VM_GROWSDOWN or
* VM_GROWSUP VMA. Such VMAs can change their size under
* down_read(mmap_lock) and collide with the VMA we are about to unmap.
*/
if (downgrade) {
if (next && (next->vm_flags & VM_GROWSDOWN))
downgrade = false;
else if (prev && (prev->vm_flags & VM_GROWSUP))
downgrade = false;
else
mmap_write_downgrade(mm);
}
unmap_region(mm, &mt_detach, vma, prev, next, start, end);
/* Statistics and freeing VMAs */
mas_set(&mas_detach, start);
remove_mt(mm, &mas_detach);
__mt_destroy(&mt_detach);
validate_mm(mm);
return downgrade ? 1 : 0;
userfaultfd_error:
munmap_sidetree_failed:
end_split_failed:
__mt_destroy(&mt_detach);
start_split_failed:
map_count_exceeded:
mas_destroy(mas);
return error;
}
/*
* do_mas_munmap() - munmap a given range.
* @mas: The maple state
* @mm: The mm_struct
* @start: The start address to munmap
* @len: The length of the range to munmap
* @uf: The userfaultfd list_head
* @downgrade: set to true if the user wants to attempt to write_downgrade the
* mmap_sem
*
* This function takes a @mas that is either pointing to the previous VMA or set
* to MA_START and sets it up to remove the mapping(s). The @len will be
* aligned and any arch_unmap work will be preformed.
*
* Returns: -EINVAL on failure, 1 on success and unlock, 0 otherwise.
*/
int do_mas_munmap(struct ma_state *mas, struct mm_struct *mm,
unsigned long start, size_t len, struct list_head *uf,
bool downgrade)
{
unsigned long end;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
if ((offset_in_page(start)) || start > TASK_SIZE || len > TASK_SIZE-start)
return -EINVAL;
end = start + PAGE_ALIGN(len);
if (end == start)
return -EINVAL;
/* arch_unmap() might do unmaps itself. */
arch_unmap(mm, start, end);
/* Find the first overlapping VMA */
vma = mas_find(mas, end - 1);
if (!vma)
return 0;
return do_mas_align_munmap(mas, vma, mm, start, end, uf, downgrade);
}
/* do_munmap() - Wrapper function for non-maple tree aware do_munmap() calls.
* @mm: The mm_struct
* @start: The start address to munmap
* @len: The length to be munmapped.
* @uf: The userfaultfd list_head
*/
int do_munmap(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start, size_t len,
struct list_head *uf)
{
MA_STATE(mas, &mm->mm_mt, start, start);
return do_mas_munmap(&mas, mm, start, len, uf, false);
}
unsigned long mmap_region(struct file *file, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long len, vm_flags_t vm_flags, unsigned long pgoff,
struct list_head *uf)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL;
struct vm_area_struct *next, *prev, *merge;
pgoff_t pglen = len >> PAGE_SHIFT;
unsigned long charged = 0;
unsigned long end = addr + len;
unsigned long merge_start = addr, merge_end = end;
pgoff_t vm_pgoff;
int error;
MA_STATE(mas, &mm->mm_mt, addr, end - 1);
/* Check against address space limit. */
if (!may_expand_vm(mm, vm_flags, len >> PAGE_SHIFT)) {
unsigned long nr_pages;
/*
* MAP_FIXED may remove pages of mappings that intersects with
* requested mapping. Account for the pages it would unmap.
*/
nr_pages = count_vma_pages_range(mm, addr, end);
if (!may_expand_vm(mm, vm_flags,
(len >> PAGE_SHIFT) - nr_pages))
return -ENOMEM;
}
/* Unmap any existing mapping in the area */
if (do_mas_munmap(&mas, mm, addr, len, uf, false))
return -ENOMEM;
/*
* Private writable mapping: check memory availability
*/
if (accountable_mapping(file, vm_flags)) {
charged = len >> PAGE_SHIFT;
if (security_vm_enough_memory_mm(mm, charged))
return -ENOMEM;
vm_flags |= VM_ACCOUNT;
}
next = mas_next(&mas, ULONG_MAX);
prev = mas_prev(&mas, 0);
if (vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL)
goto cannot_expand;
/* Attempt to expand an old mapping */
/* Check next */
if (next && next->vm_start == end && !vma_policy(next) &&
can_vma_merge_before(next, vm_flags, NULL, file, pgoff+pglen,
NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX, NULL)) {
merge_end = next->vm_end;
vma = next;
vm_pgoff = next->vm_pgoff - pglen;
}
/* Check prev */
if (prev && prev->vm_end == addr && !vma_policy(prev) &&
(vma ? can_vma_merge_after(prev, vm_flags, vma->anon_vma, file,
pgoff, vma->vm_userfaultfd_ctx, NULL) :
can_vma_merge_after(prev, vm_flags, NULL, file, pgoff,
NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX, NULL))) {
merge_start = prev->vm_start;
vma = prev;
vm_pgoff = prev->vm_pgoff;
}
/* Actually expand, if possible */
if (vma &&
!vma_expand(&mas, vma, merge_start, merge_end, vm_pgoff, next)) {
khugepaged_enter_vma(vma, vm_flags);
goto expanded;
}
mas.index = addr;
mas.last = end - 1;
cannot_expand:
/*
* Determine the object being mapped and call the appropriate
* specific mapper. the address has already been validated, but
* not unmapped, but the maps are removed from the list.
*/
vma = vm_area_alloc(mm);
if (!vma) {
error = -ENOMEM;
goto unacct_error;
}
vma->vm_start = addr;
vma->vm_end = end;
vma->vm_flags = vm_flags;
vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(vm_flags);
vma->vm_pgoff = pgoff;
if (file) {
if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) {
error = mapping_map_writable(file->f_mapping);
if (error)
goto free_vma;
}
vma->vm_file = get_file(file);
error = call_mmap(file, vma);
if (error)
goto unmap_and_free_vma;
/*
* Expansion is handled above, merging is handled below.
* Drivers should not alter the address of the VMA.
*/
if (WARN_ON((addr != vma->vm_start))) {
error = -EINVAL;
goto close_and_free_vma;
}
mas_reset(&mas);
/*
* If vm_flags changed after call_mmap(), we should try merge
* vma again as we may succeed this time.
*/
if (unlikely(vm_flags != vma->vm_flags && prev)) {
merge = vma_merge(mm, prev, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end, vma->vm_flags,
NULL, vma->vm_file, vma->vm_pgoff, NULL, NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX, NULL);
if (merge) {
/*
* ->mmap() can change vma->vm_file and fput
* the original file. So fput the vma->vm_file
* here or we would add an extra fput for file
* and cause general protection fault
* ultimately.
*/
fput(vma->vm_file);
vm_area_free(vma);
vma = merge;
/* Update vm_flags to pick up the change. */
vm_flags = vma->vm_flags;
goto unmap_writable;
}
}
vm_flags = vma->vm_flags;
} else if (vm_flags & VM_SHARED) {
error = shmem_zero_setup(vma);
if (error)
goto free_vma;
} else {
vma_set_anonymous(vma);
}
/* Allow architectures to sanity-check the vm_flags */
if (!arch_validate_flags(vma->vm_flags)) {
error = -EINVAL;
if (file)
goto close_and_free_vma;
else if (vma->vm_file)
goto unmap_and_free_vma;
else
goto free_vma;
}
if (mas_preallocate(&mas, vma, GFP_KERNEL)) {
error = -ENOMEM;
if (file)
goto close_and_free_vma;
else if (vma->vm_file)
goto unmap_and_free_vma;
else
goto free_vma;
}
if (vma->vm_file)
i_mmap_lock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
vma_mas_store(vma, &mas);
mm->map_count++;
if (vma->vm_file) {
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
mapping_allow_writable(vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
flush_dcache_mmap_lock(vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
vma_interval_tree_insert(vma, &vma->vm_file->f_mapping->i_mmap);
flush_dcache_mmap_unlock(vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
i_mmap_unlock_write(vma->vm_file->f_mapping);
}
/*
* vma_merge() calls khugepaged_enter_vma() either, the below
* call covers the non-merge case.
*/
khugepaged_enter_vma(vma, vma->vm_flags);
/* Once vma denies write, undo our temporary denial count */
unmap_writable:
if (file && vm_flags & VM_SHARED)
mapping_unmap_writable(file->f_mapping);
file = vma->vm_file;
expanded:
perf_event_mmap(vma);
vm_stat_account(mm, vm_flags, len >> PAGE_SHIFT);
if (vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) {
if ((vm_flags & VM_SPECIAL) || vma_is_dax(vma) ||
is_vm_hugetlb_page(vma) ||
vma == get_gate_vma(current->mm))
vma->vm_flags &= VM_LOCKED_CLEAR_MASK;
else
mm->locked_vm += (len >> PAGE_SHIFT);
}
if (file)
uprobe_mmap(vma);
/*
* New (or expanded) vma always get soft dirty status.
* Otherwise user-space soft-dirty page tracker won't
* be able to distinguish situation when vma area unmapped,
* then new mapped in-place (which must be aimed as
* a completely new data area).
*/
vma->vm_flags |= VM_SOFTDIRTY;
vma_set_page_prot(vma);
validate_mm(mm);
return addr;
close_and_free_vma:
if (vma->vm_ops && vma->vm_ops->close)
vma->vm_ops->close(vma);
unmap_and_free_vma:
fput(vma->vm_file);
vma->vm_file = NULL;
/* Undo any partial mapping done by a device driver. */
unmap_region(mm, mas.tree, vma, prev, next, vma->vm_start, vma->vm_end);
if (file && (vm_flags & VM_SHARED))
mapping_unmap_writable(file->f_mapping);
free_vma:
vm_area_free(vma);
unacct_error:
if (charged)
vm_unacct_memory(charged);
validate_mm(mm);
return error;
}
static int __vm_munmap(unsigned long start, size_t len, bool downgrade)
{
int ret;
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
LIST_HEAD(uf);
MA_STATE(mas, &mm->mm_mt, start, start);
if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm))
return -EINTR;
ret = do_mas_munmap(&mas, mm, start, len, &uf, downgrade);
/*
* Returning 1 indicates mmap_lock is downgraded.
* But 1 is not legal return value of vm_munmap() and munmap(), reset
* it to 0 before return.
*/
if (ret == 1) {
mmap_read_unlock(mm);
ret = 0;
} else
mmap_write_unlock(mm);
userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf);
return ret;
}
int vm_munmap(unsigned long start, size_t len)
{
return __vm_munmap(start, len, false);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_munmap);
SYSCALL_DEFINE2(munmap, unsigned long, addr, size_t, len)
{
addr = untagged_addr(addr);
return __vm_munmap(addr, len, true);
}
/*
* Emulation of deprecated remap_file_pages() syscall.
*/
SYSCALL_DEFINE5(remap_file_pages, unsigned long, start, unsigned long, size,
unsigned long, prot, unsigned long, pgoff, unsigned long, flags)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
unsigned long populate = 0;
unsigned long ret = -EINVAL;
struct file *file;
pr_warn_once("%s (%d) uses deprecated remap_file_pages() syscall. See Documentation/mm/remap_file_pages.rst.\n",
current->comm, current->pid);
if (prot)
return ret;
start = start & PAGE_MASK;
size = size & PAGE_MASK;
if (start + size <= start)
return ret;
/* Does pgoff wrap? */
if (pgoff + (size >> PAGE_SHIFT) < pgoff)
return ret;
if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm))
return -EINTR;
vma = vma_lookup(mm, start);
if (!vma || !(vma->vm_flags & VM_SHARED))
goto out;
if (start + size > vma->vm_end) {
VMA_ITERATOR(vmi, mm, vma->vm_end);
struct vm_area_struct *next, *prev = vma;
for_each_vma_range(vmi, next, start + size) {
/* hole between vmas ? */
if (next->vm_start != prev->vm_end)
goto out;
if (next->vm_file != vma->vm_file)
goto out;
if (next->vm_flags != vma->vm_flags)
goto out;
if (start + size <= next->vm_end)
break;
prev = next;
}
if (!next)
goto out;
}
prot |= vma->vm_flags & VM_READ ? PROT_READ : 0;
prot |= vma->vm_flags & VM_WRITE ? PROT_WRITE : 0;
prot |= vma->vm_flags & VM_EXEC ? PROT_EXEC : 0;
flags &= MAP_NONBLOCK;
flags |= MAP_SHARED | MAP_FIXED | MAP_POPULATE;
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)
flags |= MAP_LOCKED;
file = get_file(vma->vm_file);
ret = do_mmap(vma->vm_file, start, size,
prot, flags, pgoff, &populate, NULL);
fput(file);
out:
mmap_write_unlock(mm);
if (populate)
mm_populate(ret, populate);
if (!IS_ERR_VALUE(ret))
ret = 0;
return ret;
}
/*
* brk_munmap() - Unmap a parital vma.
* @mas: The maple tree state.
* @vma: The vma to be modified
* @newbrk: the start of the address to unmap
* @oldbrk: The end of the address to unmap
* @uf: The userfaultfd list_head
*
* Returns: 1 on success.
* unmaps a partial VMA mapping. Does not handle alignment, downgrades lock if
* possible.
*/
static int do_brk_munmap(struct ma_state *mas, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long newbrk, unsigned long oldbrk,
struct list_head *uf)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = vma->vm_mm;
int ret;
arch_unmap(mm, newbrk, oldbrk);
ret = do_mas_align_munmap(mas, vma, mm, newbrk, oldbrk, uf, true);
validate_mm_mt(mm);
return ret;
}
/*
* do_brk_flags() - Increase the brk vma if the flags match.
* @mas: The maple tree state.
* @addr: The start address
* @len: The length of the increase
* @vma: The vma,
* @flags: The VMA Flags
*
* Extend the brk VMA from addr to addr + len. If the VMA is NULL or the flags
* do not match then create a new anonymous VMA. Eventually we may be able to
* do some brk-specific accounting here.
*/
static int do_brk_flags(struct ma_state *mas, struct vm_area_struct *vma,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long len, unsigned long flags)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
validate_mm_mt(mm);
/*
* Check against address space limits by the changed size
* Note: This happens *after* clearing old mappings in some code paths.
*/
flags |= VM_DATA_DEFAULT_FLAGS | VM_ACCOUNT | mm->def_flags;
if (!may_expand_vm(mm, flags, len >> PAGE_SHIFT))
return -ENOMEM;
if (mm->map_count > sysctl_max_map_count)
return -ENOMEM;
if (security_vm_enough_memory_mm(mm, len >> PAGE_SHIFT))
return -ENOMEM;
/*
* Expand the existing vma if possible; Note that singular lists do not
* occur after forking, so the expand will only happen on new VMAs.
*/
if (vma &&
(!vma->anon_vma || list_is_singular(&vma->anon_vma_chain)) &&
((vma->vm_flags & ~VM_SOFTDIRTY) == flags)) {
mas_set_range(mas, vma->vm_start, addr + len - 1);
if (mas_preallocate(mas, vma, GFP_KERNEL))
return -ENOMEM;
vma_adjust_trans_huge(vma, vma->vm_start, addr + len, 0);
if (vma->anon_vma) {
anon_vma_lock_write(vma->anon_vma);
anon_vma_interval_tree_pre_update_vma(vma);
}
vma->vm_end = addr + len;
vma->vm_flags |= VM_SOFTDIRTY;
mas_store_prealloc(mas, vma);
if (vma->anon_vma) {
anon_vma_interval_tree_post_update_vma(vma);
anon_vma_unlock_write(vma->anon_vma);
}
khugepaged_enter_vma(vma, flags);
goto out;
}
/* create a vma struct for an anonymous mapping */
vma = vm_area_alloc(mm);
if (!vma)
goto vma_alloc_fail;
vma_set_anonymous(vma);
vma->vm_start = addr;
vma->vm_end = addr + len;
vma->vm_pgoff = addr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
vma->vm_flags = flags;
vma->vm_page_prot = vm_get_page_prot(flags);
mas_set_range(mas, vma->vm_start, addr + len - 1);
if (mas_store_gfp(mas, vma, GFP_KERNEL))
goto mas_store_fail;
mm->map_count++;
out:
perf_event_mmap(vma);
mm->total_vm += len >> PAGE_SHIFT;
mm->data_vm += len >> PAGE_SHIFT;
if (flags & VM_LOCKED)
mm->locked_vm += (len >> PAGE_SHIFT);
vma->vm_flags |= VM_SOFTDIRTY;
validate_mm(mm);
return 0;
mas_store_fail:
vm_area_free(vma);
vma_alloc_fail:
vm_unacct_memory(len >> PAGE_SHIFT);
return -ENOMEM;
}
int vm_brk_flags(unsigned long addr, unsigned long request, unsigned long flags)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct vm_area_struct *vma = NULL;
unsigned long len;
int ret;
bool populate;
LIST_HEAD(uf);
MA_STATE(mas, &mm->mm_mt, addr, addr);
len = PAGE_ALIGN(request);
if (len < request)
return -ENOMEM;
if (!len)
return 0;
if (mmap_write_lock_killable(mm))
return -EINTR;
/* Until we need other flags, refuse anything except VM_EXEC. */
if ((flags & (~VM_EXEC)) != 0)
return -EINVAL;
ret = check_brk_limits(addr, len);
if (ret)
goto limits_failed;
ret = do_mas_munmap(&mas, mm, addr, len, &uf, 0);
if (ret)
goto munmap_failed;
vma = mas_prev(&mas, 0);
if (!vma || vma->vm_end != addr || vma_policy(vma) ||
!can_vma_merge_after(vma, flags, NULL, NULL,
addr >> PAGE_SHIFT, NULL_VM_UFFD_CTX, NULL))
vma = NULL;
ret = do_brk_flags(&mas, vma, addr, len, flags);
populate = ((mm->def_flags & VM_LOCKED) != 0);
mmap_write_unlock(mm);
userfaultfd_unmap_complete(mm, &uf);
if (populate && !ret)
mm_populate(addr, len);
return ret;
munmap_failed:
limits_failed:
mmap_write_unlock(mm);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_brk_flags);
int vm_brk(unsigned long addr, unsigned long len)
{
return vm_brk_flags(addr, len, 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(vm_brk);
/* Release all mmaps. */
void exit_mmap(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
struct mmu_gather tlb;
struct vm_area_struct *vma;
unsigned long nr_accounted = 0;
MA_STATE(mas, &mm->mm_mt, 0, 0);
int count = 0;
/* mm's last user has gone, and its about to be pulled down */
mmu_notifier_release(mm);
mmap_read_lock(mm);
arch_exit_mmap(mm);
vma = mas_find(&mas, ULONG_MAX);
if (!vma) {
/* Can happen if dup_mmap() received an OOM */
mmap_read_unlock(mm);
return;
}
lru_add_drain();
flush_cache_mm(mm);
tlb_gather_mmu_fullmm(&tlb, mm);
/* update_hiwater_rss(mm) here? but nobody should be looking */
/* Use ULONG_MAX here to ensure all VMAs in the mm are unmapped */
unmap_vmas(&tlb, &mm->mm_mt, vma, 0, ULONG_MAX);
mmap_read_unlock(mm);
/*
* Set MMF_OOM_SKIP to hide this task from the oom killer/reaper
* because the memory has been already freed.
*/
set_bit(MMF_OOM_SKIP, &mm->flags);
mmap_write_lock(mm);
free_pgtables(&tlb, &mm->mm_mt, vma, FIRST_USER_ADDRESS,
USER_PGTABLES_CEILING);
tlb_finish_mmu(&tlb);
/*
* Walk the list again, actually closing and freeing it, with preemption
* enabled, without holding any MM locks besides the unreachable
* mmap_write_lock.
*/
do {
if (vma->vm_flags & VM_ACCOUNT)
nr_accounted += vma_pages(vma);
remove_vma(vma);
count++;
cond_resched();
} while ((vma = mas_find(&mas, ULONG_MAX)) != NULL);
BUG_ON(count != mm->map_count);
trace_exit_mmap(mm);
__mt_destroy(&mm->mm_mt);
mmap_write_unlock(mm);
vm_unacct_memory(nr_accounted);
}
/* Insert vm structure into process list sorted by address
* and into the inode's i_mmap tree. If vm_file is non-NULL
* then i_mmap_rwsem is taken here.
*/
int insert_vm_struct(