btrfs: do not modify log tree while holding a leaf from fs tree locked

When logging an inode in full mode, or when logging xattrs or when logging
the dir index items of a directory, we are modifying the log tree while
holding a read lock on a leaf from the fs/subvolume tree. This can lead to
a deadlock in rare circumstances, but it is a real possibility, and it was
recently reported by syzbot with the following trace from lockdep:

   WARNING: possible circular locking dependency detected
   6.1.0-rc5-next-20221116-syzkaller #0 Not tainted
   ------------------------------------------------------
   syz-executor.1/16154 is trying to acquire lock:
   ffff88807e3084a0 (&delayed_node->mutex){+.+.}-{3:3}, at: __btrfs_release_delayed_node.part.0+0xa1/0xf30 fs/btrfs/delayed-inode.c:256

   but task is already holding lock:
   ffff88807df33078 (btrfs-log-00){++++}-{3:3}, at: __btrfs_tree_lock+0x32/0x3d0 fs/btrfs/locking.c:197

   which lock already depends on the new lock.

   the existing dependency chain (in reverse order) is:

   -> #2 (btrfs-log-00){++++}-{3:3}:
          down_read_nested+0x9e/0x450 kernel/locking/rwsem.c:1634
          __btrfs_tree_read_lock+0x32/0x350 fs/btrfs/locking.c:135
          btrfs_tree_read_lock fs/btrfs/locking.c:141 [inline]
          btrfs_read_lock_root_node+0x82/0x3a0 fs/btrfs/locking.c:280
          btrfs_search_slot_get_root fs/btrfs/ctree.c:1678 [inline]
          btrfs_search_slot+0x3ca/0x2c70 fs/btrfs/ctree.c:1998
          btrfs_lookup_csum+0x116/0x3f0 fs/btrfs/file-item.c:209
          btrfs_csum_file_blocks+0x40e/0x1370 fs/btrfs/file-item.c:1021
          log_csums.isra.0+0x244/0x2d0 fs/btrfs/tree-log.c:4258
          copy_items.isra.0+0xbfb/0xed0 fs/btrfs/tree-log.c:4403
          copy_inode_items_to_log+0x13d6/0x1d90 fs/btrfs/tree-log.c:5873
          btrfs_log_inode+0xb19/0x4680 fs/btrfs/tree-log.c:6495
          btrfs_log_inode_parent+0x890/0x2a20 fs/btrfs/tree-log.c:6982
          btrfs_log_dentry_safe+0x59/0x80 fs/btrfs/tree-log.c:7083
          btrfs_sync_file+0xa41/0x13c0 fs/btrfs/file.c:1921
          vfs_fsync_range+0x13e/0x230 fs/sync.c:188
          generic_write_sync include/linux/fs.h:2856 [inline]
          iomap_dio_complete+0x73a/0x920 fs/iomap/direct-io.c:128
          btrfs_direct_write fs/btrfs/file.c:1536 [inline]
          btrfs_do_write_iter+0xba2/0x1470 fs/btrfs/file.c:1668
          call_write_iter include/linux/fs.h:2160 [inline]
          do_iter_readv_writev+0x20b/0x3b0 fs/read_write.c:735
          do_iter_write+0x182/0x700 fs/read_write.c:861
          vfs_iter_write+0x74/0xa0 fs/read_write.c:902
          iter_file_splice_write+0x745/0xc90 fs/splice.c:686
          do_splice_from fs/splice.c:764 [inline]
          direct_splice_actor+0x114/0x180 fs/splice.c:931
          splice_direct_to_actor+0x335/0x8a0 fs/splice.c:886
          do_splice_direct+0x1ab/0x280 fs/splice.c:974
          do_sendfile+0xb19/0x1270 fs/read_write.c:1255
          __do_sys_sendfile64 fs/read_write.c:1323 [inline]
          __se_sys_sendfile64 fs/read_write.c:1309 [inline]
          __x64_sys_sendfile64+0x259/0x2c0 fs/read_write.c:1309
          do_syscall_x64 arch/x86/entry/common.c:50 [inline]
          do_syscall_64+0x39/0xb0 arch/x86/entry/common.c:80
          entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x63/0xcd

   -> #1 (btrfs-tree-00){++++}-{3:3}:
          __lock_release kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5382 [inline]
          lock_release+0x371/0x810 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5688
          up_write+0x2a/0x520 kernel/locking/rwsem.c:1614
          btrfs_tree_unlock_rw fs/btrfs/locking.h:189 [inline]
          btrfs_unlock_up_safe+0x1e3/0x290 fs/btrfs/locking.c:238
          search_leaf fs/btrfs/ctree.c:1832 [inline]
          btrfs_search_slot+0x265e/0x2c70 fs/btrfs/ctree.c:2074
          btrfs_insert_empty_items+0xbd/0x1c0 fs/btrfs/ctree.c:4133
          btrfs_insert_delayed_item+0x826/0xfa0 fs/btrfs/delayed-inode.c:746
          btrfs_insert_delayed_items fs/btrfs/delayed-inode.c:824 [inline]
          __btrfs_commit_inode_delayed_items fs/btrfs/delayed-inode.c:1111 [inline]
          __btrfs_run_delayed_items+0x280/0x590 fs/btrfs/delayed-inode.c:1153
          flush_space+0x147/0xe90 fs/btrfs/space-info.c:728
          btrfs_async_reclaim_metadata_space+0x541/0xc10 fs/btrfs/space-info.c:1086
          process_one_work+0x9bf/0x1710 kernel/workqueue.c:2289
          worker_thread+0x669/0x1090 kernel/workqueue.c:2436
          kthread+0x2e8/0x3a0 kernel/kthread.c:376
          ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:308

   -> #0 (&delayed_node->mutex){+.+.}-{3:3}:
          check_prev_add kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3097 [inline]
          check_prevs_add kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3216 [inline]
          validate_chain kernel/locking/lockdep.c:3831 [inline]
          __lock_acquire+0x2a43/0x56d0 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5055
          lock_acquire kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5668 [inline]
          lock_acquire+0x1e3/0x630 kernel/locking/lockdep.c:5633
          __mutex_lock_common kernel/locking/mutex.c:603 [inline]
          __mutex_lock+0x12f/0x1360 kernel/locking/mutex.c:747
          __btrfs_release_delayed_node.part.0+0xa1/0xf30 fs/btrfs/delayed-inode.c:256
          __btrfs_release_delayed_node fs/btrfs/delayed-inode.c:251 [inline]
          btrfs_release_delayed_node fs/btrfs/delayed-inode.c:281 [inline]
          btrfs_remove_delayed_node+0x52/0x60 fs/btrfs/delayed-inode.c:1285
          btrfs_evict_inode+0x511/0xf30 fs/btrfs/inode.c:5554
          evict+0x2ed/0x6b0 fs/inode.c:664
          dispose_list+0x117/0x1e0 fs/inode.c:697
          prune_icache_sb+0xeb/0x150 fs/inode.c:896
          super_cache_scan+0x391/0x590 fs/super.c:106
          do_shrink_slab+0x464/0xce0 mm/vmscan.c:843
          shrink_slab_memcg mm/vmscan.c:912 [inline]
          shrink_slab+0x388/0x660 mm/vmscan.c:991
          shrink_node_memcgs mm/vmscan.c:6088 [inline]
          shrink_node+0x93d/0x1f30 mm/vmscan.c:6117
          shrink_zones mm/vmscan.c:6355 [inline]
          do_try_to_free_pages+0x3b4/0x17a0 mm/vmscan.c:6417
          try_to_free_mem_cgroup_pages+0x3a4/0xa70 mm/vmscan.c:6732
          reclaim_high.constprop.0+0x182/0x230 mm/memcontrol.c:2393
          mem_cgroup_handle_over_high+0x190/0x520 mm/memcontrol.c:2578
          try_charge_memcg+0xe0c/0x12f0 mm/memcontrol.c:2816
          try_charge mm/memcontrol.c:2827 [inline]
          charge_memcg+0x90/0x3b0 mm/memcontrol.c:6889
          __mem_cgroup_charge+0x2b/0x90 mm/memcontrol.c:6910
          mem_cgroup_charge include/linux/memcontrol.h:667 [inline]
          __filemap_add_folio+0x615/0xf80 mm/filemap.c:852
          filemap_add_folio+0xaf/0x1e0 mm/filemap.c:934
          __filemap_get_folio+0x389/0xd80 mm/filemap.c:1976
          pagecache_get_page+0x2e/0x280 mm/folio-compat.c:104
          find_or_create_page include/linux/pagemap.h:612 [inline]
          alloc_extent_buffer+0x2b9/0x1580 fs/btrfs/extent_io.c:4588
          btrfs_init_new_buffer fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c:4869 [inline]
          btrfs_alloc_tree_block+0x2e1/0x1320 fs/btrfs/extent-tree.c:4988
          __btrfs_cow_block+0x3b2/0x1420 fs/btrfs/ctree.c:440
          btrfs_cow_block+0x2fa/0x950 fs/btrfs/ctree.c:595
          btrfs_search_slot+0x11b0/0x2c70 fs/btrfs/ctree.c:2038
          btrfs_update_root+0xdb/0x630 fs/btrfs/root-tree.c:137
          update_log_root fs/btrfs/tree-log.c:2841 [inline]
          btrfs_sync_log+0xbfb/0x2870 fs/btrfs/tree-log.c:3064
          btrfs_sync_file+0xdb9/0x13c0 fs/btrfs/file.c:1947
          vfs_fsync_range+0x13e/0x230 fs/sync.c:188
          generic_write_sync include/linux/fs.h:2856 [inline]
          iomap_dio_complete+0x73a/0x920 fs/iomap/direct-io.c:128
          btrfs_direct_write fs/btrfs/file.c:1536 [inline]
          btrfs_do_write_iter+0xba2/0x1470 fs/btrfs/file.c:1668
          call_write_iter include/linux/fs.h:2160 [inline]
          do_iter_readv_writev+0x20b/0x3b0 fs/read_write.c:735
          do_iter_write+0x182/0x700 fs/read_write.c:861
          vfs_iter_write+0x74/0xa0 fs/read_write.c:902
          iter_file_splice_write+0x745/0xc90 fs/splice.c:686
          do_splice_from fs/splice.c:764 [inline]
          direct_splice_actor+0x114/0x180 fs/splice.c:931
          splice_direct_to_actor+0x335/0x8a0 fs/splice.c:886
          do_splice_direct+0x1ab/0x280 fs/splice.c:974
          do_sendfile+0xb19/0x1270 fs/read_write.c:1255
          __do_sys_sendfile64 fs/read_write.c:1323 [inline]
          __se_sys_sendfile64 fs/read_write.c:1309 [inline]
          __x64_sys_sendfile64+0x259/0x2c0 fs/read_write.c:1309
          do_syscall_x64 arch/x86/entry/common.c:50 [inline]
          do_syscall_64+0x39/0xb0 arch/x86/entry/common.c:80
          entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x63/0xcd

   other info that might help us debug this:

   Chain exists of:
     &delayed_node->mutex --> btrfs-tree-00 --> btrfs-log-00

   Possible unsafe locking scenario:

          CPU0                    CPU1
          ----                    ----
     lock(btrfs-log-00);
                                  lock(btrfs-tree-00);
                                  lock(btrfs-log-00);
     lock(&delayed_node->mutex);

Holding a read lock on a leaf from a fs/subvolume tree creates a nasty
lock dependency when we are COWing extent buffers for the log tree and we
have two tasks modifying the log tree, with each one in one of the
following 2 scenarios:

1) Modifying the log tree triggers an extent buffer allocation while
   holding a write lock on a parent extent buffer from the log tree.
   Allocating the pages for an extent buffer, or the extent buffer
   struct, can trigger inode eviction and finally the inode eviction
   will trigger a release/remove of a delayed node, which requires
   taking the delayed node's mutex;

2) Allocating a metadata extent for a log tree can trigger the async
   reclaim thread and make us wait for it to release enough space and
   unblock our reservation ticket. The reclaim thread can start flushing
   delayed items, and that in turn results in the need to lock delayed
   node mutexes and in the need to write lock extent buffers of a
   subvolume tree - all this while holding a write lock on the parent
   extent buffer in the log tree.

So one task in scenario 1) running in parallel with another task in
scenario 2) could lead to a deadlock, one wanting to lock a delayed node
mutex while having a read lock on a leaf from the subvolume, while the
other is holding the delayed node's mutex and wants to write lock the same
subvolume leaf for flushing delayed items.

Fix this by cloning the leaf of the fs/subvolume tree, release/unlock the
fs/subvolume leaf and use the clone leaf instead.

Reported-by: syzbot+9b7c21f486f5e7f8d029@syzkaller.appspotmail.com
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-btrfs/000000000000ccc93c05edc4d8cf@google.com/
CC: stable@vger.kernel.org # 6.0+
Reviewed-by: Josef Bacik <josef@toxicpanda.com>
Signed-off-by: Filipe Manana <fdmanana@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: David Sterba <dsterba@suse.com>
1 file changed