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MOXA Smartio Family Device Driver Ver 1.1 Installation Guide
for Linux Kernel 2.2.x and 2.0.3x
Copyright (C) 1999, Moxa Technologies Co, Ltd.
1. Introduction
2. System Requirement
3. Installation
4. Utilities
5. Setserial
6. Troubleshooting
1. Introduction
The Smartio family Linux driver, Ver. 1.1, supports following multiport
-C104P/H/HS, C104H/PCI, C104HS/PCI, CI-104J 4 port multiport board.
-C168P/H/HS, C168H/PCI 8 port multiport board.
This driver has been modified a little and cleaned up from the Moxa
contributed driver code and merged into Linux 2.2.14pre. In particular
official major/minor numbers have been assigned which are different to
those the original Moxa supplied driver used.
This driver and installation procedure have been developed upon Linux Kernel
2.2.5 and backward compatible to 2.0.3x. This driver supports Intel x86 and
Alpha hardware platform. In order to maintain compatibility, this version
has also been properly tested with RedHat, OpenLinux, TurboLinux and
S.u.S.E Linux. However, if compatibility problem occurs, please contact
Moxa at
In addition to device driver, useful utilities are also provided in this
version. They are
- msdiag Diagnostic program for detecting installed Moxa Smartio boards.
- msmon Monitor program to observe data count and line status signals.
- msterm A simple terminal program which is useful in testing serial
- io-irq.exe Configuration program to setup ISA boards. Please note that
this program can only be executed under DOS.
All the drivers and utilities are published in form of source code under
GNU General Public License in this version. Please refer to GNU General
Public License announcement in each source code file for more detail.
In Moxa's ftp sites, you may always find latest driver at or
This version of driver can be installed as Loadable Module (Module driver)
or built-in into kernel (Static driver). You may refer to following
installation procedure for suitable one. Before you install the driver,
please refer to hardware installation procedure in the User's Manual.
We assume the user should be familiar with following documents.
- Serial-HOWTO
- Kernel-HOWTO
2. System Requirement
- Hardware platform: Intel x86 or Alpha machine
- Kernel version: 2.0.3x or 2.2.x
- gcc version 2.72 or later
- Maximum 4 boards can be installed in combination
3. Installation
3.1 Hardware installation
There are two types of buses, ISA and PCI, for Smartio family multiport
ISA board
You'll have to configure CAP address, I/O address, Interrupt Vector
as well as IRQ before installing this driver. Please refer to hardware
installation procedure in User's Manual before proceed any further.
Please make sure the JP1 is open after the ISA board is set properly.
PCI board
You may need to adjust IRQ usage in BIOS to avoid from IRQ conflict
with other ISA devices. Please refer to hardware installation
procedure in User's Manual in advance.
IRQ Sharing
Each port within the same multiport board shares the same IRQ. Up to
4 Moxa Smartio Family multiport boards can be installed together on
one system and they can share the same IRQ.
3.2 Driver files and device naming convention
The driver file may be obtained from ftp, CD-ROM or floppy disk. The
first step, anyway, is to copy driver file "mxser.tgz" into specified
directory. e.g. /moxa. The execute commands as below.
# cd /moxa
# tar xvf /dev/fd0
# cd /moxa
# cp /mnt/cdrom/<driver directory>/mxser.tgz .
# tar xvfz mxser.tgz
You may find all the driver and utilities files in /moxa/mxser.
Following installation procedure depends on the model you'd like to
run the driver. If you prefer module driver, please refer to 3.3.
If static driver is required, please refer to 3.4.
Dialin and callout port
This driver remains traditional serial device properties. There're
two special file name for each serial port. One is dial-in port
which is named "ttyMxx". For callout port, the naming convention
is "cumxx".
Device naming when more than 2 boards installed
Naming convention for each Smartio multiport board is pre-defined
as below.
Board Num. Dial-in Port Callout port
1st board ttyM0 - ttyM7 cum0 - cum7
2nd board ttyM8 - ttyM15 cum8 - cum15
3rd board ttyM16 - ttyM23 cum16 - cum23
4th board ttyM24 - ttym31 cum24 - cum31
Board sequence
This driver will activate ISA boards according to the parameter set
in the driver. After all specified ISA board activated, PCI board
will be installed in the system automatically driven.
Therefore the board number is sorted by the CAP address of ISA boards.
For PCI boards, their sequence will be after ISA boards and C168H/PCI
has higher priority than C104H/PCI boards.
3.3 Module driver configuration
Module driver is easiest way to install. If you prefer static driver
installation, please skip this paragraph.
1. Find "Makefile" in /moxa/mxser, then run
# make install
The driver files "mxser.o" and utilities will be properly compiled
and copied to system directories respectively.Then run
# insmod mxser
to activate the modular driver. You may run "lsmod" to check
if "mxser.o" is activated.
2. Create special files by executing "msmknod".
# cd /moxa/mxser/driver
# ./msmknod
Default major numbers for dial-in device and callout device are
174, 175. Msmknod will delete any special files occupying the same
device naming.
3. Up to now, you may manually execute "insmod mxser" to activate
this driver and run "rmmod mxser" to remove it. However, it's
better to have a boot time configuration to eliminate manual
Boot time configuration can be achieved by rc file. Run following
command for setting rc files.
# cd /moxa/mxser/driver
# cp ./rc.mxser /etc/rc.d
# cd /etc/rc.d
You may have to modify part of the content in rc.mxser to specify
parameters for ISA board. Please refer to rc.mxser for more detail.
Find "rc.serial". If "rc.serial" doesn't exist, create it by vi.
Add "rc.mxser" in last line. Next, open rc.local by vi
and append following content.
if [ -f /etc/rc.d/rc.serial ]; then
sh /etc/rc.d/rc.serial
4. Reboot and check if mxser.o activated by "lsmod" command.
5. If you'd like to drive Smartio ISA boards in the system, you'll
have to add parameter to specify CAP address of given board while
activating "mxser.o". The format for parameters are as follows.
insmod mxser ioaddr=0x???,0x???,0x???,0x???
| | | |
| | | +- 4th ISA board
| | +------ 3rd ISA board
| +------------ 2nd ISA board
+------------------- 1st ISA board
3.4 Static driver configuration
1. Create link
# cd /usr/src/linux/drivers/char
# ln -s /moxa/mxser/driver/mxser.c mxser.c
2. Add CAP address list for ISA boards
In module mode, the CAP address for ISA board is given by
parameter. In static driver configuration, you'll have to
assign it within driver's source code. If you will not
install any ISA boards, you may skip to next portion.
The instructions to modify driver source code are as
a. # cd /moxa/mxser/driver
# vi mxser.c
b. Find the array mxserBoardCAP[] as below.
static int mxserBoardCAP[]
= {0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00};
c. Change the address within this array using vi. For
example, to driver 2 ISA boards with CAP address
0x280 and 0x180 as 1st and 2nd board. Just to change
the source code as follows.
static int mxserBoardCAP[]
= {0x280, 0x180, 0x00, 0x00};
3. Modify tty_io.c
# cd /usr/src/linux/drivers/char/
# vi tty_io.c
Find pty_init(), insert "mxser_init()" as
4. Modify tty.h
# cd /usr/src/linux/include/linux
# vi tty.h
Find extern int tty_init(void), insert "mxser_init()" as
extern int tty_init(void);
extern int mxser_init(void);
5. Modify Makefile
# cd /usr/src/linux/drivers/char
# vi Makefile
Find L_OBJS := tty_io.o ...... random.o, add
"mxser.o" at last of this line as
L_OBJS := tty_io.o ....... mxser.o
6. Rebuild kernel
The following are for Linux kernel rebuilding,for your reference only.
For appropriate details, please refer to the Linux document.
If 'lilo' utility is installed, please use 'make zlilo' to rebuild
kernel. If 'lilo' is not installed, please follow the following steps.
a. cd /usr/src/linux
b. make clean /* take a few minutes */
c. make bzImage /* take probably 10-20 minutes */
d. Backup original boot kernel. /* optional step */
e. cp /usr/src/linux/arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot/vmlinuz
f. Please make sure the boot kernel (vmlinuz) is in the
correct position. If you use 'lilo' utility, you should
check /etc/lilo.conf 'image' item specified the path
which is the 'vmlinuz' path, or you will load wrong
(or old) boot kernel image (vmlinuz).
g. chmod 400 /vmlinuz
h. lilo
i. rdev -R /vmlinuz 1
j. sync
Note that if the result of "make zImage" is ERROR, then you have to
go back to Linux configuration Setup. Type "make config" in directory
/usr/src/linux or "setup".
Since system include file, /usr/src/linux/include/linux/interrupt.h,
is modified each time the MOXA driver is installed, kernel rebuilding
is inevitable. And it takes about 10 to 20 minutes depends on the
7. Make utility
# cd /moxa/mxser/utility
# make install
8. Make special file
# cd /moxa/mxser/driver
# ./msmknod
9. Reboot
3.5 Custom configuration
Although this driver already provides you default configuration, you
still can change the device name and major number.The instruction to
change these parameters are shown as below.
Change Device name
If you'd like to use other device names instead of default naming
convention, all you have to do is to modify the internal code
within the shell script "msmknod". First, you have to open "msmknod"
by vi. Locate each line contains "ttyM" and "cum" and change them
to the device name you desired. "msmknod" creates the device names
you need next time executed.
Change Major number
If major number 30 and 35 had been occupied, you may have to select
2 free major numbers for this driver. There are 3 steps to change
major numbers.
1. Find free major numbers
In /proc/devices, you may find all the major numbers occupied
in the system. Please select 2 major numbers that are available.
e.g. 40, 45.
2. Create special files
Run /moxa/mxser/driver/msmknod to create special files with
specified major numbers.
3. Modify driver with new major number
Run vi to open /moxa/mxser/driver/mxser.c. Locate the line
contains "MXSERMAJOR". Change the content as below.
#define MXSERMAJOR 40
4. Run # make install in /moxa/mxser/driver.
3.6 Verify driver installation
You may refer to /var/log/messages to check the latest status
log reported by this driver whenever it's activated.
4. Utilities
There are 3 utilities contained in this driver. They are msdiag, msmon and
msterm. These 3 utilities are released in form of source code. They should
be compiled into executable file and copied into /usr/bin.
msdiag - Diagnostic
This utility provides the function to detect what Moxa Smartio multiport
board exists in the system.
msmon - Port Monitoring
This utility gives the user a quick view about all the MOXA ports'
activities. One can easily learn each port's total received/transmitted
(Rx/Tx) character count since the time when the monitoring is started.
Rx/Tx throughputs per second are also reported in interval basis (e.g.
the last 5 seconds) and in average basis (since the time the monitoring
is started). You can reset all ports' count by <HOME> key. <+> <->
(plus/minus) keys to change the displaying time interval. Press <ENTER>
on the port, that cursor stay, to view the port's communication
parameters, signal status, and input/output queue.
msterm - Terminal Emulation
This utility provides data sending and receiving ability of all tty ports,
especially for MOXA ports. It is quite useful for testing simple
application, for example, sending AT command to a modem connected to the
port or used as a terminal for login purpose. Note that this is only a
dumb terminal emulation without handling full screen operation.
5. Setserial
Supported Setserial parameters are listed as below.
uart set UART type(16450-->disable FIFO, 16550A-->enable FIFO)
close_delay set the amount of time(in 1/100 of a second) that DTR
should be kept low while being closed.
closing_wait set the amount of time(in 1/100 of a second) that the
serial port should wait for data to be drained while
being closed, before the receiver is disable.
spd_hi Use 57.6kb when the application requests 38.4kb.
spd_vhi Use 115.2kb when the application requests 38.4kb.
spd_normal Use 38.4kb when the application requests 38.4kb.
6. Troubleshooting
The boot time error messages and solutions are stated as clearly as
possible. If all the possible solutions fail, please contact our technical
support team to get more help.
Error msg: More than 4 Moxa Smartio family boards found. Fifth board and
after are ignored.
To avoid this problem, please unplug fifth and after board, because Moxa
driver supports up to 4 boards.
Error msg: Request_irq fail, IRQ(?) may be conflict with another device.
Other PCI or ISA devices occupy the assigned IRQ. If you are not sure
which device causes the situation,please check /proc/interrupts to find
free IRQ and simply change another free IRQ for Moxa board.
Error msg: Board #: C1xx Series(CAP=xxx) interrupt number invalid.
Each port within the same multiport board shares the same IRQ. Please set
one IRQ (IRQ doesn't equal to zero) for one Moxa board.
Error msg: No interrupt vector be set for Moxa ISA board(CAP=xxx).
Moxa ISA board needs an interrupt vector.Please refer to user's manual
"Hardware Installation" chapter to set interrupt vector.
Error msg: Couldn't install MOXA Smartio family driver!
Load Moxa driver fail, the major number may conflict with other devices.
Please refer to previous section 3.5 to change a free major number for
Moxa driver.
Error msg: Couldn't install MOXA Smartio family callout driver!
Load Moxa callout driver fail, the callout device major number may
conflict with other devices. Please refer to previous section 3.5 to
change a free callout device major number for Moxa driver.