raid1: Rewrite the implementation of iobarrier.

There is an iobarrier in raid1 because of contention between normal IO and
resync IO.  It suspends all normal IO when resync/recovery happens.

However if normal IO is out side the resync window, there is no contention.
So this patch changes the barrier mechanism to only block IO that
could contend with the resync that is currently happening.

We partition the whole space into five parts.
        start   next_resync   start_next_window    end_window

start + RESYNC_WINDOW = next_resync
next_resync + NEXT_NORMALIO_DISTANCE = start_next_window
start_next_window + NEXT_NORMALIO_DISTANCE = end_window

Firstly we introduce some concepts:

1 - RESYNC_WINDOW: For resync, there are 32 resync requests at most at the
      same time. A sync request is RESYNC_BLOCK_SIZE(64*1024).
      So the RESYNC_WINDOW is 32 * RESYNC_BLOCK_SIZE, that is 2MB.
2 - NEXT_NORMALIO_DISTANCE: the distance between next_resync
      and start_next_window.  It also indicates the distance between
      start_next_window and end_window.
      It is currently 3 * RESYNC_WINDOW_SIZE but could be tuned if
      this turned out not to be optimal.
3 - next_resync: the next sector at which we will do sync IO.
4 - start: a position which is at most RESYNC_WINDOW before
5 - start_next_window:  a position which is NEXT_NORMALIO_DISTANCE
      beyond next_resync.  Normal-io after this position doesn't need to
      wait for resync-io to complete.
6 - end_window:  a position which is 2 * NEXT_NORMALIO_DISTANCE beyond
      next_resync.  This also doesn't need to wait, but is counted
7 - current_window_requests:  the count of normalIO between
      start_next_window and end_window.
8 - next_window_requests: the count of normalIO after end_window.

NormalIO will be partitioned into four types:

NormIO1:  the end sector of bio is smaller or equal the start
NormIO2:  the start sector of bio larger or equal to end_window
NormIO3:  the start sector of bio larger or equal to
NormIO4:  the location between start_next_window and end_window

    | start   |   next_resync   |  start_next_window   |  end_window |
 NormIO1   NormIO4            NormIO4                NormIO3      NormIO2

For NormIO1, we don't need any io barrier.
For NormIO4, we used a similar approach to the original iobarrier
    mechanism.  The normalIO and resyncIO must be kept separate.
For NormIO2/3, we add two fields to struct r1conf: "current_window_requests"
    and "next_window_requests". They indicate the count of active
    requests in the two window.
    For these, we don't wait for resync io to complete.

For resync action, if there are NormIO4s, we must wait for it.
If not, we can proceed.
But if resync action reaches start_next_window and
current_window_requests > 0 (that is there are NormIO3s), we must
wait until the current_window_requests becomes zero.
When current_window_requests becomes zero,  start_next_window also
moves forward. Then current_window_requests will replaced by

There is a problem which when and how to change from NormIO2 to
NormIO3.  Only then can sync action progress.

We add a field in struct r1conf "start_next_window".

A: if start_next_window == MaxSector, it means there are no NormIO2/3.
   So start_next_window = next_resync + NEXT_NORMALIO_DISTANCE
B: if current_window_requests == 0 && next_window_requests != 0, it
   means start_next_window move to end_window

There is another problem which how to differentiate between
old NormIO2(now it is NormIO3) and NormIO2.
For example, there are many bios which are NormIO2 and a bio which is
NormIO3. NormIO3 firstly completed, so the bios of NormIO2 became NormIO3.

We add a field in struct r1bio "start_next_window".
This is used to record the position conf->start_next_window when the call
to wait_barrier() is made in make_request().

In allow_barrier(), we check the conf->start_next_window.
If r1bio->stat_next_window == conf->start_next_window, it means
there is no transition between NormIO2 and NormIO3.
If r1bio->start_next_window != conf->start_next_window, it mean
there was a transition between NormIO2 and NormIO3.  There can only
have been one transition.  So it only means the bio is old NormIO2.

For one bio, there may be many r1bio's. So we make sure
all the r1bio->start_next_window are the same value.
If we met blocked_dev in make_request(), it must call allow_barrier
and wait_barrier. So the former and the later value of
conf->start_next_window will be change.
If there are many r1bio's with differnet start_next_window,
for the relevant bio, it depend on the last value of r1bio.
It will cause error. To avoid this, we must wait for previous r1bios
to complete.

Signed-off-by: Jianpeng Ma <>
Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <>
2 files changed