KVM: x86: Mark all registers as avail/dirty at vCPU creation

Mark all registers as available and dirty at vCPU creation, as the vCPU has
obviously not been loaded into hardware, let alone been given the chance to
be modified in hardware.  On SVM, reading from "uninitialized" hardware is
a non-issue as VMCBs are zero allocated (thus not truly uninitialized) and
hardware does not allow for arbitrary field encoding schemes.

On VMX, backing memory for VMCSes is also zero allocated, but true
initialization of the VMCS _technically_ requires VMWRITEs, as the VMX
architectural specification technically allows CPU implementations to
encode fields with arbitrary schemes.  E.g. a CPU could theoretically store
the inverted value of every field, which would result in VMREAD to a
zero-allocated field returns all ones.

In practice, only the AR_BYTES fields are known to be manipulated by
hardware during VMREAD/VMREAD; no known hardware or VMM (for nested VMX)
does fancy encoding of cacheable field values (CR0, CR3, CR4, etc...).  In
other words, this is technically a bug fix, but practically speakings it's
a glorified nop.

Failure to mark registers as available has been a lurking bug for quite
some time.  The original register caching supported only GPRs (+RIP, which
is kinda sorta a GPR), with the masks initialized at ->vcpu_reset().  That
worked because the two cacheable registers, RIP and RSP, are generally
speaking not read as side effects in other flows.

Arguably, commit aff48baa34c0 ("KVM: Fetch guest cr3 from hardware on
demand") was the first instance of failure to mark regs available.  While
_just_ marking CR3 available during vCPU creation wouldn't have fixed the
VMREAD from an uninitialized VMCS bug because ept_update_paging_mode_cr0()
unconditionally read vmcs.GUEST_CR3, marking CR3 _and_ intentionally not
reading GUEST_CR3 when it's available would have avoided VMREAD to a
technically-uninitialized VMCS.

Fixes: aff48baa34c0 ("KVM: Fetch guest cr3 from hardware on demand")
Fixes: 6de4f3ada40b ("KVM: Cache pdptrs")
Fixes: 6de12732c42c ("KVM: VMX: Optimize vmx_get_rflags()")
Fixes: 2fb92db1ec08 ("KVM: VMX: Cache vmcs segment fields")
Fixes: bd31fe495d0d ("KVM: VMX: Add proper cache tracking for CR0")
Fixes: f98c1e77127d ("KVM: VMX: Add proper cache tracking for CR4")
Fixes: 5addc235199f ("KVM: VMX: Cache vmcs.EXIT_QUALIFICATION using arch avail_reg flags")
Fixes: 8791585837f6 ("KVM: VMX: Cache vmcs.EXIT_INTR_INFO using arch avail_reg flags")
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
Message-Id: <20210921000303.400537-2-seanjc@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
1 file changed