blob: 5d3ae03e22a70fdf49350f833a282c0a3e12624a [file] [log] [blame]
* net/sched/estimator.c Simple rate estimator.
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
* 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
* Authors: Alexey Kuznetsov, <>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/system.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/jiffies.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/socket.h>
#include <linux/sockios.h>
#include <linux/in.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/skbuff.h>
#include <linux/rtnetlink.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <net/sock.h>
#include <net/pkt_sched.h>
This code is NOT intended to be used for statistics collection,
its purpose is to provide a base for statistical multiplexing
for controlled load service.
If you need only statistics, run a user level daemon which
periodically reads byte counters.
Unfortunately, rate estimation is not a very easy task.
F.e. I did not find a simple way to estimate the current peak rate
and even failed to formulate the problem 8)8)
So I preferred not to built an estimator into the scheduler,
but run this task separately.
Ideally, it should be kernel thread(s), but for now it runs
from timers, which puts apparent top bounds on the number of rated
flows, has minimal overhead on small, but is enough
to handle controlled load service, sets of aggregates.
We measure rate over A=(1<<interval) seconds and evaluate EWMA:
avrate = avrate*(1-W) + rate*W
where W is chosen as negative power of 2: W = 2^(-ewma_log)
The resulting time constant is:
T = A/(-ln(1-W))
* The stored value for avbps is scaled by 2^5, so that maximal
rate is ~1Gbit, avpps is scaled by 2^10.
* Minimal interval is HZ/4=250msec (it is the greatest common divisor
for HZ=100 and HZ=1024 8)), maximal interval
is (HZ*2^EST_MAX_INTERVAL)/4 = 8sec. Shorter intervals
are too expensive, longer ones can be implemented
at user level painlessly.
struct qdisc_estimator
struct qdisc_estimator *next;
struct tc_stats *stats;
spinlock_t *stats_lock;
unsigned interval;
int ewma_log;
u64 last_bytes;
u32 last_packets;
u32 avpps;
u32 avbps;
struct qdisc_estimator_head
struct timer_list timer;
struct qdisc_estimator *list;
static struct qdisc_estimator_head elist[EST_MAX_INTERVAL+1];
/* Estimator array lock */
static DEFINE_RWLOCK(est_lock);
static void est_timer(unsigned long arg)
int idx = (int)arg;
struct qdisc_estimator *e;
for (e = elist[idx].list; e; e = e->next) {
struct tc_stats *st = e->stats;
u64 nbytes;
u32 npackets;
u32 rate;
nbytes = st->bytes;
npackets = st->packets;
rate = (nbytes - e->last_bytes)<<(7 - idx);
e->last_bytes = nbytes;
e->avbps += ((long)rate - (long)e->avbps) >> e->ewma_log;
st->bps = (e->avbps+0xF)>>5;
rate = (npackets - e->last_packets)<<(12 - idx);
e->last_packets = npackets;
e->avpps += ((long)rate - (long)e->avpps) >> e->ewma_log;
e->stats->pps = (e->avpps+0x1FF)>>10;
mod_timer(&elist[idx].timer, jiffies + ((HZ<<idx)/4));
int qdisc_new_estimator(struct tc_stats *stats, spinlock_t *stats_lock, struct rtattr *opt)
struct qdisc_estimator *est;
struct tc_estimator *parm = RTA_DATA(opt);
if (RTA_PAYLOAD(opt) < sizeof(*parm))
return -EINVAL;
if (parm->interval < -2 || parm->interval > 3)
return -EINVAL;
est = kmalloc(sizeof(*est), GFP_KERNEL);
if (est == NULL)
return -ENOBUFS;
memset(est, 0, sizeof(*est));
est->interval = parm->interval + 2;
est->stats = stats;
est->stats_lock = stats_lock;
est->ewma_log = parm->ewma_log;
est->last_bytes = stats->bytes;
est->avbps = stats->bps<<5;
est->last_packets = stats->packets;
est->avpps = stats->pps<<10;
est->next = elist[est->interval].list;
if (est->next == NULL) {
elist[est->interval] = est->interval;
elist[est->interval].timer.expires = jiffies + ((HZ<<est->interval)/4);
elist[est->interval].timer.function = est_timer;
elist[est->interval].list = est;
return 0;
void qdisc_kill_estimator(struct tc_stats *stats)
int idx;
struct qdisc_estimator *est, **pest;
for (idx=0; idx <= EST_MAX_INTERVAL; idx++) {
int killed = 0;
pest = &elist[idx].list;
while ((est=*pest) != NULL) {
if (est->stats != stats) {
pest = &est->next;
*pest = est->next;
if (killed && elist[idx].list == NULL)