blob: 3b0bc4bda5f2372122b7ee21b0837c4b771722d7 [file] [log] [blame]
#ifndef __KVM_H
#define __KVM_H
* This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL, version 2. See
* the COPYING file in the top-level directory.
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/preempt.h>
#include <asm/signal.h>
#include <linux/kvm.h>
#include <linux/kvm_para.h>
#define CR3_PAE_RESERVED_BITS ((X86_CR3_PWT | X86_CR3_PCD) - 1)
#define KVM_GUEST_CR0_MASK \
(X86_CR0_PG | X86_CR0_PE | X86_CR0_WP | X86_CR0_NE \
| X86_CR0_NW | X86_CR0_CD)
#define KVM_VM_CR0_ALWAYS_ON \
(X86_CR0_PG | X86_CR0_PE | X86_CR0_WP | X86_CR0_NE | X86_CR0_TS \
| X86_CR0_MP)
#define KVM_GUEST_CR4_MASK \
(X86_CR4_VME | X86_CR4_PSE | X86_CR4_PAE | X86_CR4_PGE | X86_CR4_VMXE)
#define INVALID_PAGE (~(hpa_t)0)
#define UNMAPPED_GVA (~(gpa_t)0)
#define KVM_MAX_VCPUS 4
#define KVM_NUM_MMU_PAGES 1024
#define DE_VECTOR 0
#define NM_VECTOR 7
#define DF_VECTOR 8
#define TS_VECTOR 10
#define NP_VECTOR 11
#define SS_VECTOR 12
#define GP_VECTOR 13
#define PF_VECTOR 14
#define SELECTOR_TI_MASK (1 << 2)
#define SELECTOR_RPL_MASK 0x03
#define IOPL_SHIFT 12
* vcpu->requests bit members
#define KVM_TLB_FLUSH 0
* Address types:
* gva - guest virtual address
* gpa - guest physical address
* gfn - guest frame number
* hva - host virtual address
* hpa - host physical address
* hfn - host frame number
typedef unsigned long gva_t;
typedef u64 gpa_t;
typedef unsigned long gfn_t;
typedef unsigned long hva_t;
typedef u64 hpa_t;
typedef unsigned long hfn_t;
struct kvm_pte_chain {
u64 *parent_ptes[NR_PTE_CHAIN_ENTRIES];
struct hlist_node link;
* kvm_mmu_page_role, below, is defined as:
* bits 0:3 - total guest paging levels (2-4, or zero for real mode)
* bits 4:7 - page table level for this shadow (1-4)
* bits 8:9 - page table quadrant for 2-level guests
* bit 16 - "metaphysical" - gfn is not a real page (huge page/real mode)
* bits 17:19 - "access" - the user, writable, and nx bits of a huge page pde
union kvm_mmu_page_role {
unsigned word;
struct {
unsigned glevels : 4;
unsigned level : 4;
unsigned quadrant : 2;
unsigned pad_for_nice_hex_output : 6;
unsigned metaphysical : 1;
unsigned hugepage_access : 3;
struct kvm_mmu_page {
struct list_head link;
struct hlist_node hash_link;
* The following two entries are used to key the shadow page in the
* hash table.
gfn_t gfn;
union kvm_mmu_page_role role;
u64 *spt;
unsigned long slot_bitmap; /* One bit set per slot which has memory
* in this shadow page.
int multimapped; /* More than one parent_pte? */
int root_count; /* Currently serving as active root */
union {
u64 *parent_pte; /* !multimapped */
struct hlist_head parent_ptes; /* multimapped, kvm_pte_chain */
struct kvm_vcpu;
extern struct kmem_cache *kvm_vcpu_cache;
* x86 supports 3 paging modes (4-level 64-bit, 3-level 64-bit, and 2-level
* 32-bit). The kvm_mmu structure abstracts the details of the current mmu
* mode.
struct kvm_mmu {
void (*new_cr3)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int (*page_fault)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva, u32 err);
void (*free)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
gpa_t (*gva_to_gpa)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva);
hpa_t root_hpa;
int root_level;
int shadow_root_level;
u64 *pae_root;
#define KVM_NR_MEM_OBJS 20
struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache {
int nobjs;
void *objects[KVM_NR_MEM_OBJS];
* We don't want allocation failures within the mmu code, so we preallocate
* enough memory for a single page fault in a cache.
struct kvm_guest_debug {
int enabled;
unsigned long bp[4];
int singlestep;
enum {
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
VCPU_REGS_R10 = 10,
VCPU_REGS_R11 = 11,
VCPU_REGS_R12 = 12,
VCPU_REGS_R13 = 13,
VCPU_REGS_R14 = 14,
VCPU_REGS_R15 = 15,
enum {
struct kvm_pio_request {
unsigned long count;
int cur_count;
struct page *guest_pages[2];
unsigned guest_page_offset;
int in;
int port;
int size;
int string;
int down;
int rep;
struct kvm_stat {
u32 pf_fixed;
u32 pf_guest;
u32 tlb_flush;
u32 invlpg;
u32 exits;
u32 io_exits;
u32 mmio_exits;
u32 signal_exits;
u32 irq_window_exits;
u32 halt_exits;
u32 halt_wakeup;
u32 request_irq_exits;
u32 irq_exits;
u32 light_exits;
u32 efer_reload;
struct kvm_io_device {
void (*read)(struct kvm_io_device *this,
gpa_t addr,
int len,
void *val);
void (*write)(struct kvm_io_device *this,
gpa_t addr,
int len,
const void *val);
int (*in_range)(struct kvm_io_device *this, gpa_t addr);
void (*destructor)(struct kvm_io_device *this);
void *private;
static inline void kvm_iodevice_read(struct kvm_io_device *dev,
gpa_t addr,
int len,
void *val)
dev->read(dev, addr, len, val);
static inline void kvm_iodevice_write(struct kvm_io_device *dev,
gpa_t addr,
int len,
const void *val)
dev->write(dev, addr, len, val);
static inline int kvm_iodevice_inrange(struct kvm_io_device *dev, gpa_t addr)
return dev->in_range(dev, addr);
static inline void kvm_iodevice_destructor(struct kvm_io_device *dev)
if (dev->destructor)
* It would be nice to use something smarter than a linear search, TBD...
* Thankfully we dont expect many devices to register (famous last words :),
* so until then it will suffice. At least its abstracted so we can change
* in one place.
struct kvm_io_bus {
int dev_count;
#define NR_IOBUS_DEVS 6
struct kvm_io_device *devs[NR_IOBUS_DEVS];
void kvm_io_bus_init(struct kvm_io_bus *bus);
void kvm_io_bus_destroy(struct kvm_io_bus *bus);
struct kvm_io_device *kvm_io_bus_find_dev(struct kvm_io_bus *bus, gpa_t addr);
void kvm_io_bus_register_dev(struct kvm_io_bus *bus,
struct kvm_io_device *dev);
struct kvm_vcpu {
struct kvm *kvm;
struct preempt_notifier preempt_notifier;
int vcpu_id;
struct mutex mutex;
int cpu;
u64 host_tsc;
struct kvm_run *run;
int interrupt_window_open;
int guest_mode;
unsigned long requests;
unsigned long irq_summary; /* bit vector: 1 per word in irq_pending */
unsigned long regs[NR_VCPU_REGS]; /* for rsp: vcpu_load_rsp_rip() */
unsigned long rip; /* needs vcpu_load_rsp_rip() */
unsigned long cr0;
unsigned long cr2;
unsigned long cr3;
gpa_t para_state_gpa;
struct page *para_state_page;
gpa_t hypercall_gpa;
unsigned long cr4;
unsigned long cr8;
u64 pdptrs[4]; /* pae */
u64 shadow_efer;
u64 apic_base;
struct kvm_lapic *apic; /* kernel irqchip context */
int mp_state;
int sipi_vector;
u64 ia32_misc_enable_msr;
struct kvm_mmu mmu;
struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache mmu_pte_chain_cache;
struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache mmu_rmap_desc_cache;
struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache mmu_page_cache;
struct kvm_mmu_memory_cache mmu_page_header_cache;
gfn_t last_pt_write_gfn;
int last_pt_write_count;
struct kvm_guest_debug guest_debug;
struct i387_fxsave_struct host_fx_image;
struct i387_fxsave_struct guest_fx_image;
int fpu_active;
int guest_fpu_loaded;
int mmio_needed;
int mmio_read_completed;
int mmio_is_write;
int mmio_size;
unsigned char mmio_data[8];
gpa_t mmio_phys_addr;
gva_t mmio_fault_cr2;
struct kvm_pio_request pio;
void *pio_data;
wait_queue_head_t wq;
int sigset_active;
sigset_t sigset;
struct kvm_stat stat;
struct {
int active;
u8 save_iopl;
struct kvm_save_segment {
u16 selector;
unsigned long base;
u32 limit;
u32 ar;
} tr, es, ds, fs, gs;
} rmode;
int halt_request; /* real mode on Intel only */
int cpuid_nent;
struct kvm_cpuid_entry cpuid_entries[KVM_MAX_CPUID_ENTRIES];
struct kvm_mem_alias {
gfn_t base_gfn;
unsigned long npages;
gfn_t target_gfn;
struct kvm_memory_slot {
gfn_t base_gfn;
unsigned long npages;
unsigned long flags;
struct page **phys_mem;
unsigned long *dirty_bitmap;
struct kvm {
struct mutex lock; /* protects everything except vcpus */
int naliases;
struct kvm_mem_alias aliases[KVM_ALIAS_SLOTS];
int nmemslots;
struct kvm_memory_slot memslots[KVM_MEMORY_SLOTS];
* Hash table of struct kvm_mmu_page.
struct list_head active_mmu_pages;
int n_free_mmu_pages;
struct hlist_head mmu_page_hash[KVM_NUM_MMU_PAGES];
struct kvm_vcpu *vcpus[KVM_MAX_VCPUS];
unsigned long rmap_overflow;
struct list_head vm_list;
struct file *filp;
struct kvm_io_bus mmio_bus;
struct kvm_io_bus pio_bus;
struct kvm_pic *vpic;
struct kvm_ioapic *vioapic;
int round_robin_prev_vcpu;
static inline struct kvm_pic *pic_irqchip(struct kvm *kvm)
return kvm->vpic;
static inline struct kvm_ioapic *ioapic_irqchip(struct kvm *kvm)
return kvm->vioapic;
static inline int irqchip_in_kernel(struct kvm *kvm)
return pic_irqchip(kvm) != 0;
struct descriptor_table {
u16 limit;
unsigned long base;
} __attribute__((packed));
struct kvm_x86_ops {
int (*cpu_has_kvm_support)(void); /* __init */
int (*disabled_by_bios)(void); /* __init */
void (*hardware_enable)(void *dummy); /* __init */
void (*hardware_disable)(void *dummy);
void (*check_processor_compatibility)(void *rtn);
int (*hardware_setup)(void); /* __init */
void (*hardware_unsetup)(void); /* __exit */
/* Create, but do not attach this VCPU */
struct kvm_vcpu *(*vcpu_create)(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned id);
void (*vcpu_free)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void (*vcpu_reset)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void (*prepare_guest_switch)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void (*vcpu_load)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cpu);
void (*vcpu_put)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void (*vcpu_decache)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int (*set_guest_debug)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct kvm_debug_guest *dbg);
void (*guest_debug_pre)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int (*get_msr)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 msr_index, u64 *pdata);
int (*set_msr)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 msr_index, u64 data);
u64 (*get_segment_base)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int seg);
void (*get_segment)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct kvm_segment *var, int seg);
void (*set_segment)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct kvm_segment *var, int seg);
void (*get_cs_db_l_bits)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int *db, int *l);
void (*decache_cr4_guest_bits)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void (*set_cr0)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr0);
void (*set_cr3)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr3);
void (*set_cr4)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr4);
void (*set_efer)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u64 efer);
void (*get_idt)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct descriptor_table *dt);
void (*set_idt)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct descriptor_table *dt);
void (*get_gdt)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct descriptor_table *dt);
void (*set_gdt)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct descriptor_table *dt);
unsigned long (*get_dr)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int dr);
void (*set_dr)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int dr, unsigned long value,
int *exception);
void (*cache_regs)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void (*decache_regs)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
unsigned long (*get_rflags)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void (*set_rflags)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long rflags);
void (*tlb_flush)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void (*inject_page_fault)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
unsigned long addr, u32 err_code);
void (*inject_gp)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned err_code);
void (*run)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run);
int (*handle_exit)(struct kvm_run *run, struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void (*skip_emulated_instruction)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void (*patch_hypercall)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
unsigned char *hypercall_addr);
int (*get_irq)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void (*set_irq)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int vec);
void (*inject_pending_irq)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void (*inject_pending_vectors)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
struct kvm_run *run);
extern struct kvm_x86_ops *kvm_x86_ops;
/* The guest did something we don't support. */
#define pr_unimpl(vcpu, fmt, ...) \
do { \
if (printk_ratelimit()) \
printk(KERN_ERR "kvm: %i: cpu%i " fmt, \
current->tgid, (vcpu)->vcpu_id , ## __VA_ARGS__); \
} while(0)
#define kvm_printf(kvm, fmt ...) printk(KERN_DEBUG fmt)
#define vcpu_printf(vcpu, fmt...) kvm_printf(vcpu->kvm, fmt)
int kvm_vcpu_init(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm *kvm, unsigned id);
void kvm_vcpu_uninit(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int kvm_init_x86(struct kvm_x86_ops *ops, unsigned int vcpu_size,
struct module *module);
void kvm_exit_x86(void);
int kvm_mmu_module_init(void);
void kvm_mmu_module_exit(void);
void kvm_mmu_destroy(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int kvm_mmu_create(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int kvm_mmu_setup(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int kvm_mmu_reset_context(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_mmu_slot_remove_write_access(struct kvm *kvm, int slot);
void kvm_mmu_zap_all(struct kvm *kvm);
hpa_t gpa_to_hpa(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t gpa);
#define HPA_MSB ((sizeof(hpa_t) * 8) - 1)
#define HPA_ERR_MASK ((hpa_t)1 << HPA_MSB)
static inline int is_error_hpa(hpa_t hpa) { return hpa >> HPA_MSB; }
hpa_t gva_to_hpa(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva);
struct page *gva_to_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva);
extern hpa_t bad_page_address;
struct page *gfn_to_page(struct kvm *kvm, gfn_t gfn);
struct kvm_memory_slot *gfn_to_memslot(struct kvm *kvm, gfn_t gfn);
void mark_page_dirty(struct kvm *kvm, gfn_t gfn);
enum emulation_result {
EMULATE_DONE, /* no further processing */
EMULATE_DO_MMIO, /* kvm_run filled with mmio request */
EMULATE_FAIL, /* can't emulate this instruction */
int emulate_instruction(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run,
unsigned long cr2, u16 error_code);
void kvm_report_emulation_failure(struct kvm_vcpu *cvpu, const char *context);
void realmode_lgdt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u16 size, unsigned long address);
void realmode_lidt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u16 size, unsigned long address);
void realmode_lmsw(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long msw,
unsigned long *rflags);
unsigned long realmode_get_cr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cr);
void realmode_set_cr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int cr, unsigned long value,
unsigned long *rflags);
int kvm_get_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 msr_index, u64 *data);
int kvm_set_msr(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 msr_index, u64 data);
struct x86_emulate_ctxt;
int kvm_emulate_pio (struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run, int in,
int size, unsigned port);
int kvm_emulate_pio_string(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run, int in,
int size, unsigned long count, int down,
gva_t address, int rep, unsigned port);
void kvm_emulate_cpuid(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int kvm_emulate_halt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int emulate_invlpg(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t address);
int emulate_clts(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int emulator_get_dr(struct x86_emulate_ctxt* ctxt, int dr,
unsigned long *dest);
int emulator_set_dr(struct x86_emulate_ctxt *ctxt, int dr,
unsigned long value);
void set_cr0(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr0);
void set_cr3(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr0);
void set_cr4(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr0);
void set_cr8(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long cr0);
unsigned long get_cr8(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void lmsw(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, unsigned long msw);
void kvm_get_cs_db_l_bits(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, int *db, int *l);
int kvm_get_msr_common(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 msr, u64 *pdata);
int kvm_set_msr_common(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, u32 msr, u64 data);
void fx_init(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_resched(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_load_guest_fpu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_put_guest_fpu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_flush_remote_tlbs(struct kvm *kvm);
int emulator_read_std(unsigned long addr,
void *val,
unsigned int bytes,
struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int emulator_write_emulated(unsigned long addr,
const void *val,
unsigned int bytes,
struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
unsigned long segment_base(u16 selector);
void kvm_mmu_pte_write(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t gpa,
const u8 *new, int bytes);
int kvm_mmu_unprotect_page_virt(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva);
void __kvm_mmu_free_some_pages(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int kvm_mmu_load(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
void kvm_mmu_unload(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu);
int kvm_hypercall(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_run *run);
static inline void kvm_guest_enter(void)
current->flags |= PF_VCPU;
static inline void kvm_guest_exit(void)
current->flags &= ~PF_VCPU;
static inline int kvm_mmu_page_fault(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva,
u32 error_code)
return vcpu->mmu.page_fault(vcpu, gva, error_code);
static inline void kvm_mmu_free_some_pages(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
if (unlikely(vcpu->kvm->n_free_mmu_pages < KVM_MIN_FREE_MMU_PAGES))
static inline int kvm_mmu_reload(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
if (likely(vcpu->mmu.root_hpa != INVALID_PAGE))
return 0;
return kvm_mmu_load(vcpu);
static inline int is_long_mode(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
return vcpu->shadow_efer & EFER_LME;
return 0;
static inline int is_pae(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
return vcpu->cr4 & X86_CR4_PAE;
static inline int is_pse(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
return vcpu->cr4 & X86_CR4_PSE;
static inline int is_paging(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
return vcpu->cr0 & X86_CR0_PG;
static inline int memslot_id(struct kvm *kvm, struct kvm_memory_slot *slot)
return slot - kvm->memslots;
static inline struct kvm_mmu_page *page_header(hpa_t shadow_page)
struct page *page = pfn_to_page(shadow_page >> PAGE_SHIFT);
return (struct kvm_mmu_page *)page_private(page);
static inline u16 read_fs(void)
u16 seg;
asm ("mov %%fs, %0" : "=g"(seg));
return seg;
static inline u16 read_gs(void)
u16 seg;
asm ("mov %%gs, %0" : "=g"(seg));
return seg;
static inline u16 read_ldt(void)
u16 ldt;
asm ("sldt %0" : "=g"(ldt));
return ldt;
static inline void load_fs(u16 sel)
asm ("mov %0, %%fs" : : "rm"(sel));
static inline void load_gs(u16 sel)
asm ("mov %0, %%gs" : : "rm"(sel));
#ifndef load_ldt
static inline void load_ldt(u16 sel)
asm ("lldt %0" : : "rm"(sel));
static inline void get_idt(struct descriptor_table *table)
asm ("sidt %0" : "=m"(*table));
static inline void get_gdt(struct descriptor_table *table)
asm ("sgdt %0" : "=m"(*table));
static inline unsigned long read_tr_base(void)
u16 tr;
asm ("str %0" : "=g"(tr));
return segment_base(tr);
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
static inline unsigned long read_msr(unsigned long msr)
u64 value;
rdmsrl(msr, value);
return value;
static inline void fx_save(struct i387_fxsave_struct *image)
asm ("fxsave (%0)":: "r" (image));
static inline void fx_restore(struct i387_fxsave_struct *image)
asm ("fxrstor (%0)":: "r" (image));
static inline void fpu_init(void)
asm ("finit");
static inline u32 get_rdx_init_val(void)
return 0x600; /* P6 family */
#define ASM_VMX_VMCLEAR_RAX ".byte 0x66, 0x0f, 0xc7, 0x30"
#define ASM_VMX_VMLAUNCH ".byte 0x0f, 0x01, 0xc2"
#define ASM_VMX_VMRESUME ".byte 0x0f, 0x01, 0xc3"
#define ASM_VMX_VMPTRLD_RAX ".byte 0x0f, 0xc7, 0x30"
#define ASM_VMX_VMREAD_RDX_RAX ".byte 0x0f, 0x78, 0xd0"
#define ASM_VMX_VMWRITE_RAX_RDX ".byte 0x0f, 0x79, 0xd0"
#define ASM_VMX_VMWRITE_RSP_RDX ".byte 0x0f, 0x79, 0xd4"
#define ASM_VMX_VMXOFF ".byte 0x0f, 0x01, 0xc4"
#define ASM_VMX_VMXON_RAX ".byte 0xf3, 0x0f, 0xc7, 0x30"
#define TSS_BASE_SIZE 0x68
#define TSS_IOPB_SIZE (65536 / 8)
#define TSS_REDIRECTION_SIZE (256 / 8)